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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Urinous - uzifur,   pp. 333-339 PDF (6.3 MB)

W - week,   pp. 339-358 PDF (19.4 MB)

Page 339

and backwards idi hinders the  aflicad Alimeot fiord
O   nlg into ihe Foramina of the Noftils in Deglutition.
And the Internal, call'd the P:terygoflaphilinus; which
draws the Uvula upwards and forwards. See PTERYGOSTA-
Both Mufcles move the Uvula upwards, to give room for
Swallowing; and ferve to raife it, when relax'd and fallen
down.-In which Cafe, 'tis ufual to promote its rifing, by ap-
MX t
plying a litte  ten Pepper on t  End of a  iaOn to it
ee DEGLUTI10N1.                               .
Bartholin fays, that fich as have no Ula ate fbje to
the Phthiflc, and ufually die thereof, by reafon the  d Air,
entering the Lungs too haflily, corrupts 'em. :
UXORIUM, in Antiquity, a Fine or Forfeit pid by
the Romans for not marrying. See MARRIAGE, POLITICL
Alrithmetic, &c.
UZIFUR, in Chymiffry, a Name fome Authors give to
Cinnabar. See CINNABAR.
A  Letter peculiar to the Northern
Languages, and People; as the En-
V   gliA/, Dutch, PoliJib, and others of 7ea-
tonicandSclavonicOriginal. SeeLET-
,The W is alfo admitted into the French, Italian, &c. in
proper Names, and other Terms borrow'd from the Lan-
guages where it is us'd.
In Engli/h, the W is ufually a Confonant ; and as fuch,
may go before all the Vowels, except a; as in Want, Wea-
pon, Winter, World, &c. See CONSONANT.
It is fometimes alfo a Vowel; and as fuch, follows
any of the Vowels a, e, o, and unites with them into a
kind of double Vowel, or Dipthong; as in Laaw, Ewe,
Now, &c.
The Englijb aw is founded, as the Latin u, in quantum,
fibadeo, lingua.-Its Sound is alfo commonly like the grofs,
or full V rapidly pronounc'd.--In French, the Sound of
the W, does not difer from that of the fingle V.
WADDING, in Gunnery, a Stopple of Paper, Hay,
Straw, old Clouts, Eeic. forc'd into a Gun upon the Pouder,
to keep it clofe in the Chamber; or put up clofe to the
Shot, to keep it from rolling out. See CHARGE.
WAFT.--To waft a Ship, is to convoy her fafe, as Men
of War do by Merchant Ships. See CoNvoy.
7o make a Waft, is to hang out fome Coat, Sea-Gown,
or the like, in the main Shrouds of the Ship; as a Sign
for the Men to come on board, Eic. Such W;aft is alfo fre-
ently intended to 1hew that a Ship is in difirefs by a
leak, Wc. and therefore wants help from the Shore, or from
other Ships.
WAFTORS.-King Edward IV. conflituted a triumvi-
rate of Officers with Naval Power, whom the Patent flyles
Ctlodes, Conduf1ores, and Waftores 5 whofe bufinefs chiefly
was to guard our Filhernien on the Coafis of Norfolk, and
WAGE, in Law, lPadiare, from the French Gager, dare
pknrus, to pledge; fignifies, the giving Security for the
Veerformance of any thing. See PLEDGE.--Thus, to wage
Law, is to put in Security.that you will make Law, at the
Day afign'd ; and to make Law, is to take an Oath, that
a Man owes not a Debt which is claimed of him, and alfo
to bring with him fo many Men as the Court Ihall affign,
who Ihall avow upon their Oaths that they believe he fwears
WAGGON, a kind of Vehicle, or Carriage in common
u fe.
There are divers Forms of Waggons accommodated to the
divers Ufes they are intended for.
The common Waggon confides of the Shafts, or Rhds, which
are the two Pieces the hind Horfe bears up; the Welds. ' the
Slotes, which are the crofs Pieces that hold the Shafts toge-
ther; the BolJIr, being that 'Part on which the fore Wheels
and Axletree turn, in wheeling the Waggon a-crofs the Road;
the Cheft, or BZody of the Waggon, having the Staves or
Rails fix'd thereon ; the Balls, or Hoops which compofe the
Top; the Tilt, the Place cover'd with Cloth at the End of
the Wggon: -beftdes the IW els, 4xileree, &c.
The greater the Wheels of the Waggon, and their circuMn
ference; the eafier the Motion; and the lefs, the heavier,
and more uneafy and joging they go,-The only Reafon
why the fire .eels of Wpgons, &c. are made lefs than
the bini Wheels, is for the Conveniency of turning  See
But dill, the higher a .Waggoz &c. is fet, the,. apter it is
to over-turn.
The more upright or fquare the Spokes of the Wheels are
from the Box, or Centre, the weaker they are when they
come to bear on either fide: on which account, as alfo to
fecure a Wheel from breaking in a fall, they are made con-
cave, or dithing.
WAGGONER, in Auronomy, a kind of Conflellation;
call'd alfo Charles's Wain. See CHARLES'S Wain.
WAGGONER is alfo ufed for a Routter, or Book of
Charts, defcribing the Seas, their Coafls, &c. See CHART,
WAIF, or WAFE, a Term primarily applied to flolen
Goods, which a Thief, being purfu'd or overburden'd, flies,
and leaves behind him.
The King's Officer, or the Bailif of the Lord within
whofe Jurifdidtion fuch Waifs or Waif Goods were left,
(who by Grant, or Prefcription, bath the Franchife of
Waif ) may feize the Goods to his Lord's ufe; except the
Owner come with frefh Suit after the Felon, and fue an
Appeal within a Year and a Day, or give in Evidence a-
gainft him, and he be attainted.--In which Cafes, the
Owner Shall have his Goods again.
Tho Waif be properly fpoken of Things flolen, yet it
may alfo be underflood of Goods not flolen: As, if a Man
be purfu'd with Huei and Cry, as a Felon, and he flies and
leaves his own Goods ; thefe fhall be forfeit as Goods flb-
len; and are properly call'd Fugitive Goods. See FUGITIVE.
Waifs, TKings loft, and Efirays, are faid to be Pecus va-
grans ; and are vullius in bonis fvli non apparet dominus.
And therefore belong to the Lord of the Franchife where
they are found; who muff caufe them to be cried and pub-
liffi'd in the, Markets and Churches near about: elfe the
Year and Day does not run to the prejudice of him that
lofl them.
WAINSCOT, in Building, the Timber-Work ferving to
line the Walls of a Room ; being ufually in Pannels, and
painted, to ferve in lieu of Hangings. See WALL, SC.
Even in Halls, 'tis common to have 1Wai2infcot breaft high;
by reafon of the natural Humidity of Walls. See HALL.
Some Joiners put Charcoal behind the Pannels of the
Wainfcot, to prevent the Sweating of Stone and Brick-Walls
from ungluing the Joints of the Pannels.-Others ufe Wool
for the fame purpofe.-But neither the one nor the other
is fufficient in fome Houfes: The only fure way, is by
priming over the back-fides of the Joints with White Lead,
Spanifh Brown, and Linfeed Oil.
Wainfcotting with Norway Oak, the Workman finding
Stufi, is valu'd at fix or feven Shillingsper Yard fquare.-
Plain fquare Wainfcotting, the Workman finding Deal, is
-valu'd at three Shillings, or three Shillings fix Pence per
Yard.-Large bifeafion Wainfcotting, with f7antzick Stuf,
is valued at fix or feven Shillings per Yard; and ordinary
Riifedlion Work at three Shillings fix Pence per Yard.
Note, In taking Dimenfions, they ufe a String, which they
prefs into all the Mouldings; it being a Rule that they
are to be paid for all where the Plane goes.
WAIVE, in Law,; a Woman that is outlaw'd. See Out-
She is called Waive, as being forfaken of the Law" and
not Outlaw, as a Man is i by reafon Women cannot be of
the Decenna, are not fworn in Leets to the King, nor to
the Law, as Men are; who therefore are within the Law:
whereas Women are not; and fo cannot be outlaw'd, fince
they never were within it.
In this Senfe, we read, Waviaria Mulieris, as oFthe fame
Import with Utlehgertio Yir.
WAKE of a She)p, is the fmooth X.a ter that funs from-
a Ship's Stern, when lhe is under fail.
By this, a good .Guefs may be made of the Seedl idhe
makes. S ee RECKONING.
They alfo judgBe from this, whether the Ship goes as IhE
looks; that is, whether fle makes he wa   rigt ahead, aa

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