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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

I[/J] - indirect,   pp. 365-384 PDF (19.0 MB)

Page 365

i. of
, W - 1 SLAVi WUIYC, "UU 6 LIU row74"PU, AO tLVj1  AWL  '-'LIFA
  AVU [a  J1 ies, Isla to De a Frefervative
expreffing fine and delicate things: *On which account, from the Nephritic
(Cholic. Mr. Ber-fier tells us, that the
3'i     that Verfe in Virgil,  i;                            Caravans of
Tbibet carry it to Cackemire, and that the Ga-
libis prize it as highly as Diamond. The Natives of South-
.4ccipiunt inimicum imbrem, rimifqt'efatijcune5;  America value it on account
of the Virtues they attribute
que f               to it in the EpilepLy, Difeafes of the Reins, the Stone
Which abounds in i's, is generally admired. The Vowel and Gravel, In a  reatife
of it printed at Paris, 'tis cal-
i was the only Vowel which the Romans did not mark with  led the Divine Stone.
a Dalh of the Pen, to fhew when it was long i inflead of  JALAP, is the Root
of a Plant not much unlike our
which, to denote its Length, they ufed to make it bigger  Bryony,, and is
therefore by fome called Bryonia Peravia-
*than brdinary, . s in PIfor Kkzvus, &c. Accto j          i~tij   ij
 ~uh to us chiefly from Peru~ and New-
they repeated it,       *o         i a in                               
                    of a Species
fometimes alfo denoted the Length of this Letter, by ad-  and therefore as
this is fometimes ca hcac  nigra
ding e to it, and turning it into a Dipthong, as Divei for that goes as often
by the Name of 2alapium aibor. As
DsIi, Omneis for Omnis, &c.  [ was antiently a  rumeral this does not
appear to have been known to the Antients,
Letter, and figniled a Hundred, according to the Verfe, it has its place
in Medicine only fince thofe parts of Ame-
I. C tompar erit, US Centam figniJicabir. I in thle ordinary  rica, which
produce it, have been traded to by Europeans,
Roman way of Numbering fignifies One; and when re- That which breaks biackefl,
moft brittle, found, and
peated, fignifies as many Units as it is repeated times. lhining within fide,
is the befi; by reafon the refinous
In Abbreviations and Cyphers, I. frequently reprefents Parts, which give
it thofe Properties, ire fuppofed to con-
the whole Word Jefus, whereof it is the firl Letter.  tain its Medicinal
Virtues. Some take great pains to ex-
JABAJAHITE, the Name of a Secl among the Muf- tracd its Refin, which is to
be done with any fpirituous
fulmen, who, according to Kicant, teach, That God is not Menfiruum, and afterwards
want Correaors for it. The
perfecfly wife, that his Knowledge does not extend to  mofil common, is Salt
of Tartar or Loaf-Sugar; but if
every thing; and that Time and Experience have fur- correffing confifis in
feparating its Parts, as it certainly
nilhed him with the Knowledge of many things whereof does, the drawing it
from the Root, and making it into
he was before ignorant: Thus, fay they, not being ap- a Refin, mufd be very
needlefs. Monficur Ieoldac, who
prized from all Eternity of every Event that flall happen hath made feveral
Experiments upon it, fays, it is one of
in the World, he is obliged to govern it according to the  the befl Cathartics
we have, taken as Nature only has
Chance6and Occurrence of thofe Events.               prepared it. See Quincy's
JACK in a Sbip, is that Sail that is hoifled up at the  IAMBUS, in the Greek
and Lartn Poetry, is the Nama
Sprit-Sail-TP   ftl-Head. In Falconry, Sack is the Male  of a Fot in a Verfe,
confifling of a long and fhort Sylla-
ofthe Birds     et.-port                             ble, as Horace expreffes
JACK liy theHecdge, As an Herb that grows wild by                     ' 
Hedge-fides, and under Ban1is, with a broad Leaf and       Sylaba long brevi
ubjcfa vocal r~amb
bath the Smell of Garlick; It is eaten as other Sallad- The fame Poet calls
the Iambus a fwifr rapid Foot, Pes C;-
Herbs, efpecially by Country People, and much ufed in tus. The Word, according
to fome, takes its Name from
Stroth.                                              Iambus, the Son of Pan
aud Ecbo, who invented this Foot,
JACK in a Lantborn, or Will witb a Wfip, and fome- or rather ufed fharp biting
Exprcfflions to Ceres,, when af-
times IgnisFatnus, is a certain Meteor, or clammy Vapour flicded for the
Death of Proferpinc. Others rather derive
in the Air, which refleds Light in the Dark, commonly it from the Greek 1S0,
Venenum, Pot/on, or from 4>4CI ,
haunting Church-yards, Fens, and Privies, as fleaming out Maledico, I rail
or revile, becaufe the Verfes compofed qf
of a fat Soil: It alfo flies about Rivers, Hedges, Cc. Iambus's were at firH
only ufed in Sa -'re.
where there is a continual Fluxc of Air, and leafd Perfons,  IAMBIC, a kind
of Verfe, foun~d in-the Greell and La-
who unwarily follow it, out of their way.            tin Poets. An Iambic
is a Verfe confifLing Wholly, or at
JACOB's Staff; is a Mathematical Inftrument for taking  leaf in great part,
of Iambus's, or Feet fo called. Iambic
Heights and Diflances; the fame with Crofs-Stafi.     Verfes may be conlidered,
either with regard to the Di-
JACOBIN, Dominican. A Name given in France to the   verfity or the Number
of their Feet. Ulnder each of
Religiou-s who follow the Rule of St.Dominic, on occafion of which Heads
there are diftin& kinds, which have different
their principal Convent, which is near the Gate of St-games Names. (i.) Pure
lamLbics are thofe which confif eotirelv
at Paris, and which before they became poffeffed of it in  of Iambus's, as
the fourth Piece of catulus, made in praif'
the Year rei8, was an Hofpital of Pilgrims dedicated to  of a Ship:
the faid Saint.  Others maintain, that they have been cal-   aels   e,  em
videtis Hofes.
led Raobins ever fince they were eflablilhed in Italy,
in regard they pretended to inpitate the Lives of Apo- The fecond kind are
thofe called imply lamnics. Thefe
flles. They are alfo called Friars Predicants, and make  have no Iambus's
but in the even Feet, tho' there are fume-
one of the *ur Orders of Mendicants. See Dominican.  times Tribrachia added
to them, excepting to the laft,
JAC   NEITE, a Se~i of Hereticks who were antiently a  which is always an
Iambus; and in the uneven Feet they
Branch of tbeucbians, and are Rill fubfifling in the  have Spondees, Anapefis,
L..vanr. TheI  Vere fo called from one 3ames of Syria, Such is. that of Medea
in Ovid,
who was one oi    i Heads of the Monophyfitet, or Se&a-S
ries, who own'd bu* )e Nature in Jefus Chrift. The
Wonopbyfltes are a Se'  *fv   Extent, comprehendig the  The third kind are
the Free Iambic Veres, in which 'tis
- Armemans, Cplit and APy~/l'niatsy but thofe among them  not abfolutely
necefrary there  hould 8be any "bu.s, ex-
arce properly ~acobies, %re but-few; and among thofe cepting in the lail
Foot 3 of which kind areall thof of
too, there is a Divifion, fome tkbeihtomaniz'd, and others  Pbhedrxs:
~p~~fdlv Averfe to the Romifh Church. Each of Which                     
X  tics have their fev~al Patriarchs, the one at care mt,  /nittt rer itioprium,
yui al   appezir.
.i  id the other at Dersaran. As to their FiA A1l the                   
A~~~~~*          1
II 19
M. __WW
j i I

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