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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

General - glacis,   pp. 133-149 PDF (18.7 MB)


Page 149


(f  f4 Q   3d
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edicine in the Hands of any Eurotean wo underlands
,armacy, if he had but a fifiicient Quantity of it to make
.h Trials as are neceffary to examine the Nature of it
ymically, and to apply it in a proper Quantity, according
the Nature of the Difeafe for which it may be beneficial.
It is certain that it fubtilifes, increafes the Motion of, and
rms, the Blood; that it helps Digeflion, and invigorates
AA. .  -%.. -IIA X   112A&AMI.,o1.
After I had defigned the Root, I obferved the State of
my Pulfe, and then took half of the Root, raw as it was,
and unprepar'd; in an Hour after, I found my Tulfe much
fuller and quicker: I had an Appetite, and found myfelf
much more vigorous, and could bear Labour better and
eafier than before. Four Days after, finding myfelf fo fa-
tigued and weary, that I could fcarce fit on Horfeback, a
Mandarin who was in Company with us, perceiving it, gave
me one of thefe Roots: I took half of it immediately, and
an Hour after I was not in the leall fenfible of any Weari-
nefs. I have often made ufe of it fince, and always with the
fame Succefs: I have obferv'd alfo, that the green Leaves,
and efpecially the fibrous Part of them, chewed, would pro.
duce nearly the fame Effe&. The Tartars often bring us
the Leaves of Gin-feng, inflead of Tea; and I always Ind
myflelf fo well afterwards, that I Should readily prefer them
before the beft Tea. Their Decodion is of a grateful Co-
lour; and when one has taken it twice, or thrice, its Taile
and Smell become very agreeable.
As for the Root, it is necelfary to boil it a little more
than Tea, to allow time for extradfing its Virtue; as is
praais'd by the Chinefe, when they give it to fick Perfons;
on which occafion they feldom ufe more than the fifth Part
of an Ounce of the dried Root.
To prepare the Root for Exhibition, cat it into thin Slices,
and put it into an earthen Pot well glazed, with about half
a Pint of Water; the Pot to be well cover'd, and fet to boil
over a gentle Fire; and when the Water is confumed to the
Quantity of a Cup full, a little Sugar to be mix'd with it,
and to be drank: Immediately after this as much more Wa-
ter to be put on the Remainder, and to be boiled as be-
fore, to extract all the Juice, and what remains of the fpiri-
tuous Part of the Root. Thefe two Dofes to be taken, the
one in the Morning, and the other in the Evening.
GIRDERS, in Architeaure, the largefi Pieces of Timber
in a Floor-Their Ends are ufually fa fen'd into the Sum-
mners, or Breft-Summers, and the Joifts are framed in at
one End to the Girders. See JoIST.
--By the Statutefor rebuilding London, no Girder is to lie
lefs than ten Inches into the Wall; and their Ends to be
always laid in oime, Tec.
GIRDING-Beams, in Building, the fame as Girders. See
GIRDER.
GIRDLE, CINGULUS, or ZONA, a Belt, or Band, of
Leather, or other Matter, tied about the Reins; to keep
the Part more firm, and tight.
It was antiently the Cuflom for Bankrupts, and other Cef-
fionaries, to put of, and Surrender their Girdle, in open
Court-The Reafon hereof, was, that our Anceftors ufed
to carry all their neceffary Utenfils, as Purfe, Keys. xc.
tied to the Girdle; whence the Girdle became a Symbol of
the Efcate. Hiflory relates, that the Widow of Philif I.
Duke of B'urgundy, renounced her Right of Succeffion, and
put oft her Girdle on the Duke's Tomb. See INvEsTI-
TURE.
The Romans always wore a Girdle, to tuck up the Gown
when they had occafion to do any thing. This Cuflom was
fo general, that Such as went without Gird'es, and let their
Gowns hang loofe, were reputed idle, diffolute Perfons.
Maidens or Virgins GIRDLE-It was the Cuffom among
the Greeks, and Romans, for the Husband to untie his Bride's
Girdle.
Homer, lib. I t. of the OdAYey, calls this Girdle dp3'r2e'V
Covev, Maid's Girdle. Feft'is relates, that this Girdle was
made of Sueep's Wool; and that the Husband untied it in
Bed. He adds, that it was tied in the Ilercilian Knot 4
and that the Husband untied it, as a happy Profage of his
having as many Children as Hercules, wh at his Death left
feventy behind him,
The Poets attribute to enus, a particular kini of'Girdk
called Cef/us ; to which they annex a Faculty of inf inI
the Paltion of Love.. See CESTUS.
£tuiekfibver GiRDLE, in Medicine, is a fort of, Girdt
fmeered over with .Mercury, or having Mercury inclofed
within it. See MERCURY. .,>-,
It is made of Leather, Linen, Cloth, Cotton, Stuff, or the
like, and the Mercury prepared or killed various ways; as
with failing Spittle, Fat, or the like.
It is applied as a Topical Medicine about the Wafle
fometimes with good Effke, but frequently proves danger-,
Ous, principally in weak Conflitutions, and thofe fubjeEF to
Convulfions.
Its Intention is, the Cure of the Itch, driving away Ver-
min, killing Lice, sic.
&aQ.eens GIRDLE, is an antient Duty, or Tax, rais'd at
'aris every three Years, at the rate of three Deniers upofl
each Muid of Wine, and fix for each Queue. It was intended
for the Maintenance of the Queen's Houfhold: Afterwards
they augmented and extended it to other Commodities, as
Coals, E.Uc.
Vigenere fuppofes it to have been, originally ths called,:
by reafon the Gzrdle antiently ferved for a Purfe; but he.
adds, that a like Tax had been raifed in Perfla,and under
the fame Name, above two thoufand Years ago; as appears
from Plato, in his Alcibiades, Cicero, Atheneus, &c.
Chriflians of the GIRDLE. Motavackkel, tenth Calif
of the Family of the Abarides, enjoin'd the Chriflians, and
c9ews in the Year of the Hegira, 2 3 5; of Jefus Chriil, 8 56,
to wear a large leathern Girdle, as a Badge of theirProfef-
fion; which they bear to this Day throughout the Eaf.
From which time the Chritlians of Ajia, and particularly
thofe of Syria and Mefopotarnia, who are almnoit all Neflo--
rians, or _facobites, have been called Chrif ians of the Girdle..
Order of the GIRDLE, the Order of cordeliers; fox
CORD, and CORDELIER.
GIRDLE, in Architedure; fee CINCTURE.
GIRLE, among Hunters, is a Roe-buck of two Years.'
GIRON, or GUIRON, in Heraldry, a Gore, or triangu-
lar Figure, having a long, Iharp Point, like the Step of a
fpiral Stair Cafe, and ending in the Centre of thezEfcutcheon.
When a Coat has fix, eight, or ten of thefe Girons, meet-
ing or centring in the Middle of the Coat, it is Laid to bo
Gironne, or Gironny. See GIRoN NE.
The Word is French, and literaliy fignifies the Grennim,I
or Lap; by reafon, in fitting, the Knees being fuppofed.
fomewhat afunder, the two Thighs, together with a Lines
imagin'd to pafs from one Knee to the other, forms a Fi-
Pure fomewh at nmunA hrt
GIRONNE, Gi oNNY, in Heraldry,
is when a Shield or Coat is divided into
feveral Girons, which are alternately Co-
lour and Metal; as in the adjoining Fi-
gure, which we Blazon, Gironne of fix Ar-
gent and Sable.
When there are eight pieces or Girons,
it is abfolutely faid to be Gironne ; whea.
there are more, or fewer, the Number
is to be- expre-fs'd-Gironne of four, of
fourteen, ge.
Some, inflead of Gironne, fay, 'Parti, Coupp elrenchs,
and Faille, by reafon the Girons are form'd by fuch Divi-
fions of the Field.
Four Girons form a Salteer, and eight, a Crofs, See SAL-
TEER, &C.
GIVEN, qjatus, a Term frequently ufed in Mathema-
ticks, fignifying Something which is fuppofed to be known,
See DATA.
Thus, if a Magnitude be known, or we can find another
equal to it, we Lay, it is a given Magnitude, or that fuch 4.
Thing is given in Magnitude. See MAGNITUDE.
If the Pofition of any thing be fuppofed as known, we
fay, Given in Pofition. See POSITION.
Thus, if a Circle be adtually defcribed on a Plain, its-
Centre is Given in Pofition; its Circumference Given iz
Magnitude; and the Circle is Given both in Pofitionj and
Mgnitude.
X    Circle may be given in Magnitude only, as when only
its Diameter is given, and the Circle not acdually defcribed.
If the Kind, or Species of any Figure be given, they fay,
given in Specie.-If the Ratio between any two Quantities ii
known, they are Laid to be given in Proportion.
GLACIALIS, Icr, fomething relating to Ice; and par.
ticularly, a Place that abounds in Ice.
Thus, we fay, the Mare Glaciale, or Congelatumi that is,
the Icyj or Frozen Sea; call'd alfo Chronian Sea,' or Sarma-
tian Sea. See SEA.
The Word is form'd of the Latin Glacies,' Im   See IC'
GLACIS, in Building, L5c. is an eafy, inenfible Slope, o
Declivity. See DECLIVITY.
The Defcent, or Inclination of the Glacis It dlf dieep thari
that of the aIu:t. See'TALUT.
*Pp
X   _  .I   R,
G I
From   to           muzf be in
F        . F. In. Breadth  Inches. Depth  Inches.
*r .       0                      8
C 15 c f8     0       139
o c zI    0      14            lo
21  0 24  0      i6
24   f6   o   I17              14.
a 11 J,


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