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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

D - delirium,   pp. 161-180 PDF (19.1 MB)


Page 180


. 9tI
baients for the Good and. the Bad - That God mul be ho-
our'd; and hisWill fo far as we can learn it, peifkm' d
but that eas cPefogn is to do this after his own Manngy,
and as his own confcience fuggefts.
The   oioi be of Deijis is daily mcreafing. J--  g-
land, a geiat Part of the Men of Speculation, and y
ters, are pretended to incline that Way. And the likes is
opIayl 'in fome of our Neighbour Nations, Where Free-
acun of Speaking, Writing, and Thinkint are indulged.
thee REVELATION.;
DEITY, a common Appellation given by the Poets to
the Heathen Gods, and CGoddeffes. See GOD.
DEIVIRILE, a Term in the SchoolTheology, figni-
fying Something divine and human at the fame Time.
The Eutychlans held, that the fame jefus Chrift,- and
the fame Son, produces both divine- and human Opera-
tions at once, by one fingle Theandiric, or DJeivirile Ope'
ration: So that all theDiflinEtion depends on our mane
ncr of Underflanding.  See THEAND ItC, WC.
The Word is a Compound of Deus, God, and Vi-
ri/is, of Vir, Man. It was firfm invented by the Mo-
nopblfites, to exprefs their Error by: For as they
taught, that there were not two diffindi Natures in Je-
fus Chrilt, but that the human and the divine Nature
were, by the Hypotiatical Union, confounded together,
and render'd one Nature, which was neither the one nor
the other, but a Compound of both; It follow'd, that the
Operations of this third Nature, i. e. ofJefus Chrifi, were
neither purely divine, nor purely human; and that there
were not two Sorts, the one divine, and the other human,
but that they were all of one Sort, viz. Theandric, or
ii'eivirile.
DELEGATES, a Number of Commiffloners, dele-
gated, or appointed by the King's Commiffion, under the
great Seal, to fit upon an Appeal to the King, in the
Court of Chancery, in three Cafes: Firfi, Upon a Sen-
tence given in any Ecclefiaffical Caufe, by the Arch-
Bifhop, or his Official. Secondly, Upon a Sentence given
in an Ecclefiaflical Caufe in Places exempt. Thirdly, Up-
on a Sentence given in the Admiral Court in Suits Civil
and Marine, by Order of the Civil Law.
Court of DELEGATES: This is the higheff Court for
Civil Affairs, concerning the Church ; For the Jurifdic-
tion whereof it was provided 25 H. 8. That it Ihall be
lawful for the Subjec , in Cafe of Defed of Juffice in the
Ecclefiaffical Courts, to appeal to the Sovereign in his
Courts of Chancery, whence a Commiflion is direded un-
der the great Seal to particular Perfons therein mentioned,
for Rcdrefs of Judgment; fo that from the higheff Eccle-
fiaffical Court there lies no Appeal, but to the Court of
fDelegates, and beyond this to no other, except to the Houfe
of Lords.  But the King, of his Free-will, may grant a
Commiffion of Review under the great Seal.  The Cita-
tions run all under the King's Name.
DELEGATION, a Commiflion extraordinary, given
a Judge to take Cognizance of; and determine fome Caufe
which ordinarily did not come before him. See DELE-
GATES.
- Sovereign Courts have frequently Inferior Judges to fit
in Judgment on certain Affairs.
In the Civil Law, Delegation is alfo a Sort of Sur-
render, whereby a Perfon fubilitutes another Debtor in
his Place. See Ulpian. 1. I I. *E ie Novationibus, e De-
lege(tionibtus.
Delegation differs from Transferring, or Tranjlation,
in that three Perfons intervene in a fDeegation; viz.
the Creditor, the Debtor, and a third, who himfelf is in-
debted to the Debtor, and on whom the Debtor trans-
fers the Obligation he was under to pay the Creditor, de-
legating him, as it were, for that Purpofe. But in a fim-
ple Transfer, 'tis enough the Transferrer and the Tran&-
ferree be prefent.
DELETERIOUS, probably from J\,AßGs, noceo, to
hurt, a Term Sometimes us'd among Naturalifis for fuch
Things as are of a pernicious, and poifonous Nature.
See POISON.
DEILF, is a Quarry, or Mine, where Stone, or Coal
is digged: from the Saxon Word De/ivan, to de/f, or dig;
We/f of Coal, is Coal lying in Veins under-ground, before
it is dug up; and a Delve of Coals is a certain Quanti-
ty dug out of the Mine, or Pit. See COAL.
D)ELF, is alfo us'd in Heraldry for one of the Abate-
ments of Honour; being aSquare in the Middle of the Ef-
cutcheon. See ABATEMENT.
A!De/fTenne is due to him that revokes from his own
Challenge, or any way recedes from his Parole, or Word.
If there le two, or more Del/f in anEfcutcheon, it is then
no longer an Abatement: So alfo, if it be of Metal, or char-
ged upon it, then becomes it a Charge of perfe& bearing.
DELIA, in Antiquity, Feafts celebrated by the Athe-
nians, in Honour ofpl, whom they fumrnaned Delius.
Th e prinipal Ce
1+hri tr rie~r a Pilsg
evry iv 'Year, yz
ted for that Purpofe
ilfheore,  O.Ma
of the Embafry, or
Tos   o him were
eryc Priefis, defic
the Year at DJelos,
Deputation fet out
every Thine nectc
The Vfele thcat c
call'd Affxlx, Weli
rale, Antigonid, 'I
is a Circumfiance t]
The FDeliats, wI
Laurel. At their J
crifice to Apollo:
young Maids dance
Greek ripAvy; whe
redions, they repref
Labyrinth. When td
ple wentout to meel
Joy and Acclamatio
their Crown till thl
and then they confe
The whole Tit
with all the Cere
Zia; during whici
cuted; which was
not allowed to ann
Thus, Plutarch ol
7Taiter when Pho
was condomn'd to;
give it to Socrates,
According to T'h
ted in the 6th Yeai
.Athenians had exp
the Tombs out of ii
either be born, or c
ple lhould be remo
Tho' the lonians,
via, had long befor
is, Feaf1s, and Gan
ted afterwards.
DELIAC, or D
Poulterer, or a M
pons, Wc.
The Traders in
fon it was the Pe
bethought themfeh
as appears from Cic
IV. 'Pliny Lib. X. (
likewife mention th
DELIACAL Pr
mous Problem amo-
tion of the Cube.
DELIBERATIA
ric employ'd in provi
bly thereof; in ordet
See R}IETORIic.
The Deliverativ
the Greeks and Ro
the People.  To h
bly, is when a Perfi
and his Vote thert
deliberative Voices
fultative Voices.
DELINEATINI
DELINQUEN'
Fault. It is the Bt
puniflhing Delinqui
DELIQUIUM,
a fwooning, or fain
POTHYMIA, LirorsYcHii, ECTHLIPSIS, and As-
rPHYxEA, which fee.
DELIQUI UM, inChymifiry, is aDiffolution, or melting
of a Salt, or Calx, by fufpending it in a moiff Cellar.
Thus Salt of artar, or any fix'd A/cali, in a Cellar,
or other cool moifc Place, and an open Veffel, refolves,
or runs into a Kind of Water, call'd by the Chyifis,
Oil of Tartar per Deliqui um.
DELIQUIIUM, is alfo ufed in fome Authors for a Di-;
flillation by Force, of Fire. See DISTILLATION.
DELIRIUM, Woating, in Medicine, a Symptom, fe
quently befalling in Fevers, caufed by internal Inflam-
mations, Wounds,. Uc. whereby the Mind is diforder'd
to a Degree of Folly, or Phrenzy.
.We/iriums alfo frequently arife from immodere Lof-
fes of Blood, wlhereby the Brain is too mudh Weaken4 d
E  .               *sP~~~~fon


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