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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

D - delirium,   pp. 161-180 PDF (19.1 MB)


Page 162


Coos are hIluded within this Word.Ddages; for D 4a
its tropi~r Si~niication, i6 faid a Zomends, when, by Di-
nuton a dh~ becomes wor  and in thi Sei&Cd&
of Suits ared~)mages, to the Plaintifffr by ita his Sub-
Prance itAimihed: But when the Paitiff'i declares the
rWror~ done him to the fmagn8e of fuch a Sum, this is to
be timn trelatively, for the Wrong which pafwd;, before
the Writ brought, and is alfers'd by Reafon of the Tref-
pafa aforefaid; and cannot extend to the UCofs of Suit,
which are future, and of another Nature.
DAMAGE Feafiint, or     aiknt, i. e. doing hurt, or
7Damqae: As when a Stranger's Beafis are doing hurt or
fpoiling the Grafs, Corn, Woods, &c. of another Man,
without his Leave or Licenfe. In which Cafe, the Party
whom they damage may diflrain, and impound them,
both by Night an by Day; tho' in other Cafes, as for
Rent, Services, &c. none may difirain in the Night.
DAMASK, a Sort of Silk Stulf having fome Parts
rais'd above the Ground, reprefenting Flowers, or other Fi-
Fures. Damask is properly a Sort of Mohair and Satin
intermix'd; in fIuch Manner as that what is not Satin on
one Side, is on the other. The Elevation which the Sa-
tin makes on one Side, is the Ground on the other. The
Flowers have a SatinGrain; and the Ground, a Grain of
Taffetas. It has itsName from its being originally brought
from amarfcus in Syria.
DAMASKEENING, or ZDamask-WFork, a kind of
Mofaic Work; and accordingly, by the Italians, call'd by
the fame Name, Y'atfia, as Mofaic.
DAMASE EENIiNG, is properly the Art, orAft of adorn-
ing Iron, Steel, &c. by making Incifions therein, and filling
them up with Gold or Silver Wiar. It is chiefly us'd in
Enriching Sword-blades, Guards and Gripes, Locks of
Pifiols, &c. Its Name flews the Place of its Origin; or,
at leaf, the Place where it has been praffifed in the great-
eft Perf~edion, viz. the City ofßDamafcus in Syria. Tho'
Monfr. Felibien, attributes the Perfedion of the Art to his
Countryman Curfinet, who wrought under the Reign of
King Hlnry IV.
DAMASliEENING, is partly Mofaic Work, partly En-
graving, and partly Carving: As Mofaic Work, it confifts
of Pieces de RtapJort; as Engraving, the Metal is indent-
ed, or cut in creux; and as CAving, Gold and Silver are
wrought therein, in Relievo.
There are two Manners oflDamaskeenivg: In the firfl,
which is the moll beautiful, theArtift cuts into the Metal
with a Graver, and other Tools proper for Engraving on
Steel; and afterwards fills up the Incifions, or Notches with
a pretty thick Silver, or Gold Wiar. In the other, which
is only fuperficial, they content themfelves to make
Hatches, or Strokes a--crofs the Iron, &c. with a cutting
Knife, fuch as is ufed in making of fmall Files.
For the firfl, 'tis necelfary the Gravings, or Incifions be
made in the dovetail Form- that the Gold or Silver
Wiar, which is thruft forcibly into them, may adhere the
more firongly.
For the fecond, which is the more ufual, the Method
is thus : Having heated the Steel till it changes to a Violet,
or blue Colour; they hatch it over, and a-crofs with
the Knife; then draw the Defign, or Ornament intended,
on this hatching,with a fine Brafs Point, or Bodkin. This
done,they take fine Gold Wiar,and condufing or chafing it
according to thA Figures already defign'd,they fink it care-
fully into the Hatches of the Metal with a Copper Tool.
DAMASCUS-Steel, a very fine kind of Steel, made in
fome Parts of the Lv'vant, and particularly at Diamafcus,
remarkable for its excellent Temper; and ufed chiefly in
the makinq of Sword-Blades. See SYTEEL.
Some Authors aflire us it comes from the, Kingdom of
Golconda, in the EaJ?-Indies; Where the Method of tem-
pering with Alum, which theEuaropeans have never been
able to imitate, was firfi invented.  I
DAMIAN ISTS, a Branch of the Ancients 4ce hali
Severite. They agreed with the Catholics in admitting
the IVth Council but difown'd any Diflindion of Per-
fons in the Godhcad, and profefs'd one fingle Nature in-
capable of any, Difference. And yet they call'd God, the
Father, Son, and Ghoff. On which Account the Severite
Petrtme, another Branch of Aephali, ufed to call them
sabelliafifs, and'fometimes fTietradit'cs. Thus much we
learn from Nicephorus Callhi.es, L.XVIII. C. 49. They
took their Name from D)amianus a Bilhop, who was
their "eader.
DAMNATA rerra, in Chymifiry, is the faame with
Cap it Addwm, that is, all theEarthy Part, or Mais,
remaining at *te Bottom of the Retort, &c. after all the
other Principles have been drawn out of the Body by Fire.
DAMPS, in Natural Hifloryare noxious Steams orEx-
halations, fiequently fiund in cofe, fubterraneous Places,
particularly Mines,   CA      , &c. For the Rationale
if the EBees of Z44 $ee Poisodos andol Mu ITW
ire of 4 K
tarv the!
but fch asfoe Eawathe'te    r  o
dug in the Ground under his
himg full of good Ale ? andifatwlnod,
dlude him dfef~erate. 'The fcn   ste~e
rDamp, which is called fo fiom its Smel.Ti
always comes in the Surmmer-ime, aid ht    o
lcnown to be mortal : The Miners in the Pa  f
fancy it arifes there-from. the .Multitude o e
Flowers, called by, them Honey-Suckles, wt  hc
Limie-Stone Meadows of the Peakce uiuch aon
haps the Smell of this gives timely Noticetgeou
the Way: The third is the miofi peflilentaan
firange of all,- if what is faid of it be true:Tey  h
pretend to have fen it, (othey 1fiy it is;vfb9  ott
defcribe it: In the highefPat of the Roof o  hfePf
agsin a Mine, which branch out from the main Goe
ftheey fee a round Thingt hanging, about 4s big as apodt
Ball, covered with a Skin of the Thicknefs and Coldu
of a Cob-web: If this Bag, by a-pitr rayother A-C..
cident, become broken, th e~a   immediately flies ot
and fuiffocates all the Company : The Workinen, by HelC
of a Stick, and long Rope, have a way of breakingth
at a Diflance; and when they have done it, ~~they 1Tli1*
the Place well with Fire : And they will have~ it, t at, it
gathers from the Steam of their Bodies, and Candles, af-
cends up into the highieft Part of the, Vault, and there cort,
denfeth~, and in Tim~e has a Film grown over it, Iand then
corrupts, and becomes Peftilential. The fourth, isthe FuF.
mninating, or Fire-DJiamp, whofe Vapour being touch'd by
the Flame -of the Candles, prefently takes Firet' and tha.
all the Effeas of Lightning, or fired Gun-powder. Thef.
are found frequently in the Coal-Mines, and fomnetmies,
tho raely intheLea ons.How Mineral Steams na~
p rve  oionosmaybeundriood from Dofform&47-
Natralfisfuri~hus  ithver fupriing Inflances ~of
the Effds of faps. In th Ibt d 'cademie des Sci-
ences An. i170o1; We read oaWelin the City, ofRev..
ves, into which a Mafon, at Work, near its Brink, letting
fall his Hammer, a Labourer, who was fent down' to' re-
cover it, e're he reach'd the Water, was firangled. A fe..
cond Cent to fetch up, the Corps, met with with the Camo
Fate, and fo a third. At laft a fourth, half drunk, was let
down, with Charge to call out affoon as he felt any Thingf
incommode him.    ecaldaccordingly, as Coon asli
came near the Water;- and was inflantly drawn out: yet
he died 3 Days afterwards. The Inofniratiojnhe broufth*
them was, that, he felt a Heat, which Ccorhdu  i  a
trails. A Dog being let down, cried'abou h  aePae
and died affoon ashe came to Air; 1utithrwigWae
on him, he recover'd i as happens to thofe throw  nt h
Grotto del Cani near Na~ples. See GaoT~ro. The thre
Carcaffes being drawn up with Hooks, and operx'd ther
appear'd not any Caufe of their Death. Now, wha ren
ders the Relation the more confiderable, is, that theWa-.,
ter of this Well had been drawn and drunk feveral yea~
without the leall ill Confequence.
In the fame Hiflory, A4n. 1J710o. a Maer efCharrreWs
having carried 7 or 8 Buffhels of Brands out qf his Ov'n
into a Cellar 5 6~ Stairs deep; his Son, a robull yon P40-
low, going with more, his Candle went out on theMdl
of the Stairs. Haiglgtdi -rfi e was nofoe
gtinto the Cellar, han IheI cried out frHelp'; anid they
hreard no more of him : His Brother, an able Yuh
immediately after him;3 cried out, he was dead; n  a
heard no more. He was follow'd by his Wife;adheb
a Maid, and fill 'twas the fame. Such an Accidetfr~
the whole Nighbourhood with a Panic;ado oy
was' forward to venturle'any futrther:~ till aFelw or
hardy and zealous  n the refiperfWaded the four P
were not deaw    d go dwn to give the    e
cried too, and 'wa's feen nio more. - Uponthsa6
requiring a Hook to draw Comte ofthmfrh
gigto the, Bottom;5 drew, up tieMi:wo&~
tknthe Air., fetch'd a Sigh AnM dyed.NetD ,
Bakers Friend,~ undertakin  to gtupal   e
w~ith nook~wa's let down-withR~   nawoe
to be drawn a whenever heflodcll      {on
but he Re braki~ he ellback again;
'01 
Ar xi
I  
0AM


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