University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
History of Science and Technology

Page View

Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

Clausum - coining,   pp. 233-252 PDF (18.5 MB)


Page 245


w, i
:imes in a Cubic.
irth Term, is the               re of
0 4uz kLi, uuIWAU9, i4iAU~ Lly Lhe conrirnuatriiiuui~ ~~r
ihree of the Roots, how often foever fuch a Tez=a can be
16,as, there may be four in a Biquadratic, fi  i~ qua-
ition of five Dimenfions, U'e- And thus it will go Ont infi nitely.
COELIESTIAL Obfervations, are Obfervations of the
Phznomena of the Heavenly Bodies, made with a proper
Apparatus of Afironomical Inflruments, in order to the deter-
miniing their Places, Motions, Phafes, &,ec. See OBs ER VA-
VION.
The Infirunments chiefly ufed in Cwleflial Obfervations, are
iffe Aftronomical'Gnomon, Quadrant, Micrometer, and Te-
4efcope 5 each of which fee under its proper Head, QuA&-
PRAN'r, MICROMETER, TELESCOPE, GNOMON, WC
Obfervauions in the Day-time are eafy;5 in regard the crofs
Hairs in the Focus of the Obje~l-Glafs of the Telefcope are
then diffirifly perceivable : in the Night, thofe crofs Hairs
are to be illumined to make them vifible.
This Illumination is either perform'd by a Candle, laced
iibliq uely near 'em, fo as the Smoke don't intercept the ay5;
or where this is inconvenient, by making an Aperture in the
Tube of the Telefcope, near the Focus of the Objea-Glafi,
thro' which a Candle is apply'd to illumine the crofs Hairs.
M. de la H7ire has made an Improvement on the firfl Me-
thod, which renders it of very good ufe  and it is by cover-
ing that end of the Tube next the Obje&i-Glafs with a piece
of -Gaufe, or fine white filken Grape. For in fuch cafe,
a Link, placed at a good difla'nce from the 'rube, fo en-
lightens the Gaufe, as to render the crofs Hairs very per-
ceivable.
Obfierzvariolls of the Sun, are not to be made without pla.
cng a Glafs, fmoked in the Flame of a Lamp or Candle, be-
tween the Telefcope, and the Eye i to take ofF from its Lufire,
which would otherwife confound and damage the Eye, were'
not  go d  p rr  f  i s  B a m s intercepted.
Note, When any  o   theHeavenly   Bodies   are  obferv'd
t h r o   a   T le f c p e   o   o n l   t w o G la f e s, th e y  a p r
in v e rte d .
w hen   the  Ob ea  are   in   the Mei an  Se  M R DAN   Ob-
fervations.
The other, 'whent in Vertical Circles. See Vertical Cut-_
CLeS-.
COELIAC A4rtery, the firfi Artery, detach'd from the
defendngTrunk of the A4orta into the Abdomen. See
AORTA, ARTERY, ec.
Vt Udivides into two Branches, the one onthe right fide, the
other on the left;5 of which the, firfl gives the Gaftrica dex-
tra, which goes to the Stomach; the Ciflica, which goes to
the Gall-Bladder ; the Ep~ijlois dextra to the Omentum i
~the Inteflinalis to the !Ducdenum, and to a part of the Ye-
junum;o and the Gafiro Epiplois to the Stomach, to the
omentum, and fome Branches to the Liver, which enter the
Capfula commuifis, to accompany the Branches of the Vena
The left Branch of the Celiaca gives the Gafirica dextra,
which is alfo, fpread upon the Stom~ach;i the Epiplvis./iniftra
t o t b p   f l q . i q ,,   -   n " 4 . ,   , ~ . . , .   ,   i . U
L J   u i a i e O
leen. See each Branch defcrib'd in its Place.
LAU F t-in, is War wnica runs tflro- the, IntefJinum
See RECTUM.
r.!A C'A   n r r r,,nr2n z_            .   *
'of DJiarrbe~a. or Flux of the Belly ; wherein the Chyle, or
nutritious p~art of the Food is evacuatedl by Stool, inflead of
Excrements. See FLUX, and DIARBHEA
Authors frequently confo~und the Cwelaca with the Liente-
ry, bthey are different. See'LAENTERy.
rThetres alfo a COELIAC !Diabetes, call'd &dijaca urina-
/is, wherein the Chyle pafres off along with, or inflead of
Urine. See DiABEPrEs.
COELUM.' See HEAVEN.
COELUM is us'd by fonme AnatnmU1.Q rnw tLI p  ...... . rL-
w ard   the  IA ngles,  or  Ca  t h.  ee  Y E   C A NTHY  to  t,
FENOBI'TE. See CxNOFITE.
COENOTAPHIUM, or rather CENOTAPHIUM, in
'Atquity, an empty Tomb, or M~onument ereaed in ho-
1~1our of fome illuflnious Defun&;- who perifhing by Shi-
wrcin Battel, or the like, 'his Body could nor be fou,
to be interred or depofitcd in the fame6. See Tom B, and SE-,
?VLC I-iER.
Cardinal Noris 'has feveral ex rlf nfli4Trt  tt,rnng on Athe r
,at
icla
the  ~far  ,au  a~   Lucius, which.  remain   2
3ee  FiuNFa.A,&,                 I  1
Cad is Greek, compounded of XsIV, emt,47 4.~3
COEOJJAUTY; a     e   expreffing the Re1ati- of-A.
Iualhty tiswettn two thtiings. See EQIALITY.
The: Rciainers to S. A/&aNtxfl~us's Do~rine of the Trinity,
'old ,*e Son amd 11oly 'Spirit cpeyual with the Father.  Ih
4rions, &c. deny'th~e oequality. See ARIAN,EeC-.
COETERNITY, is us d -among" Divines, to dernote thfi
.XACnury YoT one Bzeing equal to that of aniother. See Em&..~
The ,Orthodox hold the fecond and thir d Perfonis in the'
Trinity coeternal with the firfi. See TRLINITY.
COEUR, in Heraldry. Party' en COEUR, figniries a
lhort Line of Partition in Pale, in the Centre of the Efcutcheon,
which extends but a little way, much Jlhort of Top and Bot-
tom ; being met by other Lines, which form an irregular
Partition of the Efcutcheon,
CO-EXIST'EN..E, a Term of Relation, denoting two,
or more Things, to exifi together at the fame time, Wc-. Seec
COFFEE, in Natural Hiffory, a Seed, or Berry, brought
from Adrabia felix  ured for the making a Drink of the fam'e
Name.
That from the .Tevant is moft efleem'd, being greener,
heavier, and appearing riper and .plu~mper than that from
.Mocka ; which is larger, lighter, and whiter.
For Coffee-Berries, fome fublifftute Peas, Beans, Rye, and
Barley i which roafled, yield an oily Matter, refembling in
Flavour, but lefs agreeable, as well as in much lefs quantity
t ha n Coff~ee.
C    o~'  is alfo a Kind of Drink, prepared from thefe Ber-
ries - veyfmlainErpfothe              oYasanaog
~therks for above an hundred.
Its Original is not well known 3 forne afcribe it to the Prior
of a Monaflery, who being inform'd by a Goatherd, that his
Cattel fometimes browzing on the Tree, would wake and
caper all Night  became curious to prove its Virtue: accord-
ingly, he firft try'd it on his Monks, to prevent their ileep-
ing at Matins.
Others, from Sehebabeddin, refer the Invention of Coffee
to the 'Pcrjzaiis from whoiih it was learnt in the XVth
Century by Gemalledin, Mufti of Aden, a City near the
Mouth of the 'Red Sea ; and who having tried its Virtues
himfeif, and fouInd that it diflipated the 'Fumes which op-
prefs'd the Head, infpir'd joy, open'd the Bowels, and pre-
vented Sleep, without being incommoded by it recommend-.
ed it firfi to his Dervilfes 3 with whomt he us'd to. fpend the
Night inprayer.
Their Example brought Coffee into vogue at Aden : The
Profeffors of the Law, for Study, Artifains to work, Travellers
to walk in the Night 5 in fine, every body at Adei drank
Coffee.
LHence it pafs'd to Mecca, where firfl: the Devotees, then
the reft of the People took it. From Arabia felix it pafs'd
to Cairo.
in 1x r1, Khaie !A'g prohibited it, from a Perfuaflon that
it inebriated, and that it inclin'd to Things forbidden.  But
'Sultan Cazflbu 'immediately after took off tfie Prohibition, and
Coffee advanced from  Egypt to Syria and Confiantinope
The Dervifes declaim'd againfi it from the Alcoran, which
declares that Coal is not of the number of Things created by
God for Food. Accordingly, the Mufti order'd the Coffee-
Houfes to be fhut ; but his Succeflor,, declaring Coffee not
to be Coal, thev were open'd again.
During the War in Candia, the Aflfemblies of Newfmon..
gets making too free with State-Aa~irs, the Grand Vizier
Cuproli fupprs'  the Coffee-Houifes at ConjIantinople 5
which Supprflion, tho fill on foot, does not yet prevent the
publick tife of the Liquor there.
frbeveno't, the Traveller, was the fir{fr who brought it into
France;i and a Greek Servant, called Pafqua, brought into
.England by Mr. fDan.-Ed-wards, a 7'urky Merchant, in x652,
to make his Coffee, firfl fet up the Profeffion o f Coffee-Mauo
and introduc'd the Drink among us. Tho fome fay Dr.Har-
vey had us'd it before.,
The Word Coffee is originally Arabic:- the lTurks' pro-.
nounce it Cahueh, and the A4rabs C'ahoua'h  wh ich fome Au-
thors maintain to be a general Name for ay thing that takes
away the Appetite : others for any thing that promotes 'Ap
petite ; and others, again, for any thing that gives Strent
and Vigour.                                    C1
The Malyometans, 'tis obferv'd, diflinguifhi three Kinds of
Cahouah ; the firfl is Wine, or any Liquor that inebriates;i
t~he fecond is'made of the Pods that contain the C offiee-Berry;5
this they call 'the Sultana's Ccffee, from their having firft in-
troduc'd it, on account of its heating lefs than the Bferry, as,
well as'ilts keeping the Bowels open :.the third is that made,
with the Berry it felf 5 which alone is us'd in Earo~pe, the
Pods being founad i  mproper for Tranifporton.  SomEr-
oeayn, who imported the Pods, call'd them the Flo'Wer ~of ihe
The lee brwn Clou ~fthe Liquor,joccafion'd its being
Erf cal' Syupof heIndanMulberry;i under wi ch fV-
~ios Nmeit lrl gind goud  in Europe.
Sfr C
C 6 ri -
M,11
A
E
I
I


Go up to Top of Page