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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

Clausum - coining,   pp. 233-252 PDF (18.5 MB)


Page 244


1~ c OL ,
(
broad, tue'd i;} the covering of Houfesi making Matt*, E5c.
Above the Leaves is form'd a large Bud, in form of a Cab..
bage, excellent to eat; but the taking it off is mortal to the
Tree.
Between the Leaves and the Top are feveral Suckers, of
the thicknefs of the Arm; which, when cut, diflil a white,
fweet, agreeable Liquor, ferving as a Wine, and intoxicat-
ing : It becol es acid if kept a few Hours ; and at the end
of 24 Hours is converted into a firong Vinegar: and it fur-
ther prepar'd into Brandy. While this Liquor diflils, the
Tree yields no Fruit; but when the Suckers are let grow,
it puts forth a large Cluffer, or Bunch, wherein the Coco-
Nuts are faften'd, to the number of ten or twelve.
While they are yet new, and the Bark tender, they yield
half a Pint of a clear refrefhing Water: which in a little
time becomes frfl a white, foft Flefh, and at length con-
denfes, and af~umes the Tatle of the Nut.
It yields Fruit thrice a year; and thofe Sometimes as big
as a Man's Hcad. Many Travellers aver, that from a fwngle
Coco Tree, and its Fruit, a Ship might be built, equipp'd,
and loaden with Merchandize and Provifion.
The Cocos of the Antilles, are not fo large as thofe of the
Eafl.-Izdies,  Africa, and Arabia: the Trees feldom ex-
ceed   2 5 Foot in height; and the Fruits in proportion: 'Tis
thefe are ufed among us.
In the Kingdom   of Siam, the Coco's Fruit, dried and
emptied of its Pulp, ferves as a Meafure, both for things li-
quid and dry. See MEASURE.
As there Fruits are not all of 'the fame Capacity, but
are fome larger, others lefs ; their content is firit meafur'd
with Cauris, thofe little Maldives Shells, which ferve as
fmall Money in feveral States of the' Indies. Some( Cocos
contain ioooCauris, others 50o, Uec.
COCTION, a general Name for all Alterations made in
Bodies, by the approach of Fire, or Heat. See HEAl'.
The greatefi Secret in Ch+ mifiry is to manage the Coaion
aright; to give the Fire to advantage.
There are various Species of Codions; as Maturation,
Fritlion, Elixation0, AfIgtion,  'orrefadion, and Ujfion ;
which fee in their Piaces, MATURATION, FRICTION, SC.
'fee alfo CONCOCTION.
COD-Fiherjy. Sec Cod-FisHERY.
CODE, CODEX, a Colleafion of the Laws and Confti-
tutions of the Roman Emperors ; made by order of .7JliniaDn.
It is compriz'd in twelve Books, which make the fecond
Part of the Civil, or Roman Law. See CIvIL-La-w.
There were reveral other Codes before the Time of 7ufli-
vzian; all of them Collecions, or Abridgments of the Roman
Laws. Gregory and Hlermogenes, two Lawyers, made each
a Colleffion of this kind, called from their Names the Gre-
gorian Code and Iermogenean Code. Thefe included the Con-
fiitutions of the Emperors from Adrian, to !Dioclefian and
Maxinin, A. D. 306. We have nothing remaining of 'em
but a few Fragments: the Work falling to the ground, fbr
want of Authority to put it in Execution.
TYieodofjus the Younger was the firil Emperor who made
a Code, which was compriz'd in fixteen Books, form'd out of
the Confiturions of the Emperors from Conflantine the
Great to his own Time ; abrogating all other Laws not in-
cluded in it : And this is what we call the 7iheodofian Code;
which was publifh'd in the Year 438, and receiv'd and ob-
ferv'd, till annulled by the Code of Yuftinian.
7iZeodoqian's Csvde has boen a long time loil in the Wlefi
Codas took a great deal of Pains to retrieve it, and to pub-
lifli it in a better Condition than ever. Gothefrid has given
us a Comment on the Y'ieodoqJan Code; a Work which coft
him 30 Years.
In 506, Alarick King of the Goths, made a new Collec-
tion of the Roman Laws, taken from the three former Codes,
the Gregorian, Ilermogenian, and T'heodofian, which he
likewife pubiifh'd under the Title of the 'Sheodq/Fan Code.
This Code of Alarick continu'd a long time in force; and
was all the Roman Law receiv'd into France.
Lafily, the Emperor ruftinian, finding the Authority of
the Roman Law exceedingly weaken'd in the Welf, upon
the Decline of the Empire, refolved to make a general Col-
leEtion of the whole Roman Jurifprudence. The Manage-
meent hereof he committed to 7Jlibonianus; who chofe out
the moft excellent Conflitutions of the Emperors, from A-
drian to his own Time; and publifli'd his Work in 5z8, un-
der the Title of the Ne-o Code.
But becaufe 7uflinian had made feveral new Decifions,
which made forre Alteration in the antient Jurifprudence;
he retrreph'd fome of the Conflitutions inferred by ftriboai-
anus, aid added his own in their Place: on which account,
he publifh'd a new Edition of the Code in 534, and abroga-
ted the former.
This Code of Y- inian, as well as the refI of the Roman
Law, was a Ion0 timne loft in the lYeefl, till the Time of
Lotbaiu   11. w  fof   it at the taking of Melphis, and
gave it to the City of %   This was firfi re-publilh'd by
Jrier, in x 2a8.
I
hC <O
XEt Emperor lrederic# at the
'IPs O apinted it to be taug hr i:
manded all his People to obferve
tain'd in lIVy aud Germany  } and
France, particularly the Southern
The Word comes from the Lat:
fo called a Codicibus or Caudicib
of Trees; the Bark whereof beii
Antients to write their Books on.
There have been various other 1;
the antient Gothic, and fince of t1
C(ode of Euridia, the Code Michau
ron, Code Henry, Code Marchand,
CODE of Cano0ns, CODEX Gano2OuU
CODIA, in Botany, is ufed for
Plant ; but, by way of eminence, I
whence the Syrup made therewith
A's, cum, with, and xwA' , the Topp
CODICIL, a Schedule, or Supp
Writing. See SCHEDUYLE, WILL,
It is us'd as an Addition to a Ti
is omitted which the Tettator wou
retrad; and is of the fame Nature
it is without an Heir or Executor.
So that a Codicil is a lefs folemn
ther Teflate or Inteflate, without
Heir: Teflcate, when he that hat}
either before or afterwards made
that Codicil depends, or to which i
one leaves behind him only a Codit
wherein he gives Legacies only to
Law, and not by any Heir intlitutc
A Codicil, as well as a Will, m
Nuncupatory. Some Authors call
and Codicil, a little one: and comp
* I  r'  :72)  -   I-   D   .:-.]   Z..
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4
4
4
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It
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'mI
al
and (oaZCZI Eo InC rDUUL LVUc vu AL.
But there is this further difference between a Codicil a
a Teflament; that a Codicil cannot contain the Inflitution
an Heir; and that in a Codicil, a Man is not oblig'd to obfetr
firialy all the Formalities prefcrib'd by Law forfolemn T
taments.
In Cuflomary Countries, TePtaments, properly fpeaki'
are no more than Codicils ; in regard, Cullom it felf namr
the Heir, and does not allow of Teffamentory Inheritors.
Codicils were firfl brought into ufe in the Time of Aud
tus, by L. Lentulus: They were originally intended to
low the Teflament; which was, as it were, their Bal
'In procefs of time, C-dicils came to have their effE6, eve
tho made before the Teflament; provided there was
thing in the Teflament contrary to the Codicil.
People were alfo allow'd to make Codicils without Te$j
ments.
Raymn. Lully has a Book which he palls A'loe Codici
wherein he pretends to have left his Readers the Secret i
the Philofopher's Stone; provided they do but underhand i
COECUM, or C.ECUM, in Anatomy, the Iblind Go
the firfi of the thick Inteflines; fo called, becaufe mad
like a Sack, having but one Aperture, which ferves it hot
for entrance and exit. See INTESTINES.
It is fituate on the right Side, below the Kidney. In Chi
dren new born, and in Quadrupeds, it is found full of Ex0e
ments; but in Adults, Lc. it frequently difappears, and 01
ly hangs like a Worm.
Its ufe in Adults is very obfcure: In a Fxtus, or Info,
newly born, it appears to ferve as a Receptacle for the Fau
during fuch time as the Animal does not difcharge by Stool,
Dr. Gliffqn imagines it may likewife ferve in fuch Animal
as have it large, as Dogs, Conies, Rats, UCG. for a kind E
fecond Ventricle, or Bag, wherein the prepar'd Aliment man
be retain'd, whije a richer and more nutritious juice is drawi
from the fame.
Others will have it contain a Ferment; and others ti
Flatuofity of the Inteffines: Lafily, others fancy it may '
parate a Humor, by fome Glands placed therein, wherewit!
to harden the Excrements as they pafs thro' the Colon. So
EXCREMENT, COLON, &C.
COEFFICIENTS, in Algebra, are Numbers prefix'dti
Letters, or Species, into which they are fuppos'd to be myri
tiply'd; and therefore, with fuch Letters, or with the Quaw
tines reprefenred by them, they make a Redangle, or Pri
dud, co-ef~iciant 'Prodnuml; whence the Name.
Thus, c b implies, that the Quantities reprefenred by a H
are multiply'd into the ca effcient c; and that out of they
two, the Refangle, or Product c b is form'd. If a ertett
have no Number prefix'd, it is always fuppos'd to have a
_-FX~~~~..VA allli .~ 1ULILw iirsrs to'TOV Ir
CffZU1V7An, LMU4U1% %,V%.y rLn11s once V1x1 ILMAI.
The Co-efficientin a Qua    Equation, is ac
its Sign,-cither the Sum, or Difterence of the tN
And in   Equation of an higher Nature, the Go-
the fec    ernin, is always the Aggregate of all
retaining their proper Signs: So that if all the
be equal- to all the Affirmatives, the fecond Term w
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