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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Capillation - catholick,   pp. 153-172 PDF (19.8 MB)

Page 159

( I59 )
wlette, or Elevation, foome Feet high, where
themselves, and make their Lodging as well
their Baggage, and the Beafts that carry 'em,
at the Foot of the Zanquette. Over the
re frequently a fort of little Chambers; which
rerakier lets out, at a very dear rate, to fuch
id to be to themselves.
ravanfera's ferve in lieu of Inns ; yet there is
Difference between them and our Inns, that
finds nothing at all in the Caravanfera, nei-
elf nor his Cattle ; but muft carry all his
I Necefraries with him. They are chiefly
)arren, defart Places ; and are generally fur-
later from a great Diftance, and at a vaft Ex-
being no Caravanfera without its Well of
e are feveral of 'em in Cities; where they
as Inns, but as Shops and Warehoufes.
Cities in the Eafi without their Caravanfe-
ly within the Dominions of Yurky, Perfia,
.t Aligul. Thofe of Ifpaban and A4gra, Schi-
!ln, are diflinguilh'd for their Magnificence
none but the Grand Signior's Mother and
te Vifiers and Balhaws who have been in
againfi the Chriflians, are allow'd to build a
The Word comes from the Turkilh Kar-
/an, Caravan; and Sarai, Houfe, Palace, Inn.
N;SERAKIER, the Direcor, Steward, or In-
'aravanfera. At Ifpahan, there are Caravan-
-r of Halls, or Exchanges, where Goods are laid
'd to view; for which the Caravanfierakier
in confederation of a certain Fee. See CA-
Y, or CARWAY, a Medicinal Seed, pro-
Plant of the fame Name, by Botanifis call'd
rum, or Cuminum Pratenfe. See SEED.
Or Grain of the Carvi or Caraway, is narrow,
,v'd on the Back, and of a brilk aromatic
efleem'd Stomachic, and Diuretic ; difpels
hens Digeflion, Fc. The Englift and Gcr-
eat ufe of it; particularly in Bifkets, Comfits,
ds and Confeaions,
CLE, in Medicine, a Malignant Tumor,
nes on one Part, and fometimes another; ac-
Ith a painful Heat, Mortification, Lividnefs,
Wlacknefs: It begins with one or more Pufiles,
is form'd a putrid Ulcer; Sometimes with a
I any Pufile v the Ulcer being form'd under
ound'the Tumor is a Kernel, very painful;
d, and Sometimes livid, or blackifh. The
)wing to a fharp, cauffic, malignant, faline
I gnaws and corrupts the Part whereon it is
call it Anthrax, the French Charbon, Coal,
emblance of its Scab to a Coal. It is fome-
itial, and Sometimes not.  When it arifes
es, it is properly call'd Pruna ; when with,
E, in Natural Hiflory, a fabulous Kind of
ce, whereof Pliny and the Antients relate
he Carbuncle, in reality, is only a large Ruby,
Colour: the Term being never apply'd, but
no exceeds 20 Carats Weight. See RuBY.
its, and moft of the Moderns after them, have
:)os'd the Carbuncle to be taken from the
d: And we read of. many a Cavalier, who
)at with Dragons, on purpofe to gain this in-
I. Vartoman affures us, that the King of
other Light in the Night time, but that of
which cafi a blaze like that of the Sun.
is form'd of the Latin Carbunculus, q. d. a
For which Reafon the Greeks call it i6dfe>,
treating of the Carbuncle, Lib. XXXVII.
:uifhes twelve Sorts thereof.
CARBUNCLE, in .Heraldry, a Charge, or
Bearing, confifling of eight Radii, orSpokes;
four whereof make a common Crofs, and
the other four a Saltcer; as in the adjoin-
ing Figure. Some call thefe Radii .attons,
or Staves; becaufe round, andenrich'd with
Buttons, or pearl'd, like Pilgrims Staves ;
tipp'd, or terminated with Flower-de-Luces.
'em, Royal Scepters, plac'd in Salteer, Pale
CULATION, is the blafling of the new-
of Trees or Plants, either by exceffive Heat,
old. See BLIGHT.
or CARCASS, the Corpfe, or Body of a
whofe Flefh is, molt of it, cut off, confum'd,
ty, The Carcaffes of the Soldiers, Horfes, kc.
ig afterwards on the Field of Battel-IThe
C A R-
Carcafs of' a Fowl, Capon, Partridge, Leveret, Rabbit,
Uec. is what remains thereof, after the four Members, or
Limbs, have been cut off; viz. the Legs and Wings.
CARCASE, in Architedure, is the Shell, or Ribbs of
a Houfe; containing the Partitions, Floors, Rafters, fec.
made by the Carpenter, &,c. See HousE, BUILDING,
and TIMBER. The Carcafe is otherwife call'd the Framing,
CARCASS, or CARCUS, in War, a kind of fBomb,
ufually oblong, or oval, rarely circular confifling of a Shell,
or 'Cafe, Sometimes of Iron, with Holes; more commonly
of a coarfe fhrong SrufF, pitch'd over, and girt with Iron
Hoops ; fill'd with combuflible Matters, as Hand Gra-
nades, Ends of Mufkets, loaden Piflols, and Preparations
of Gunpouder, ec. Its ufe is to be thrown out of a Mor-
tar, to fet Houfes on Fire, and do other Execution. See
For the Compofition of a Carcafs, to burn, WolNus pre-
fcribes ten Parts of Gunpouder pounded} two of Nitre,
one of Sulphur, and one of Colophony: Or fix of Gun-
pouder; four oft Nitre; four of Sulphur; one of beaten
Glafs; 5  one of Antimony; 5  one of Camphor; one of
Sal Armoniac ; and .' of common Salt. For the Shell, or
Cafe, he takes two Iron Rings, fome chufe Plates; fitting
one at one Extreme, near the Aperture at which the Car-
cafis is to be fir'd, and the other at the other : others make
the Aperture in one of the Plates. Thefe he braces with
Cords drawn lengthwife; and acrofs there, at right Angles,
laces others ; making a Knot in each Interfeaion : Be-
tween the Folds of the Cords, he makes Holes, and into
thefe fits Copper Tubes, filling 'em half full of Pouder and
leaden Bullets, ramming the whole with Tow, &c. The
Shell thus prepar'd, he immerges it, the Aperture firit flopt,
in a liquid Matter; confiflitig of four Parts of melted Pitch,
2o of Colophony, one of Oil of Turpentine, and as much
ground Gunpouder as will reduce it to the Confiflence of a
Pat}. After Immerfion, 'tis to be cover'd over with Tow,
and immerg'd afrefh, till it become of the Bignefs proper
for the Mortar.
It has the Name Carcafis, becaufe the Circles which
pafs from one Ring, or Plate, to the other, feem to repre-
fent the Ribs of a human Carcafs.
CARCINOMA, in Medicine, a Tumor, more ufually
call'd a Cancer. See CANCER.
The Word comes from Y4pxivo;, Cancer, and vetm., depaf-
co, to feed upon.
CARCUSS, in War, the fame as Carcafs; fee CARCASS.
Seed, of the Aromatic kind, contain'd in Capfule, or Pods,
brought from the Baft Indies.
This Seed is diflinguifh'd into three Kinds, according
to the feveral Sizes of the Pods; viz, great, middle, and
fmall: but the Tafle, Smell, Colour, and Form of the
Grain, is the fame in all; being of a purple Colour,
angular, of a fharp biting Tafle, and a firong penetrating
Smell. The firi kind is alfo call'd Grains of Pa radife;
but the lafd excells the refi, both in Smell, Tafle, and
Virtue: 'Tis this that enters the Compofition of Venice
Treacle. The Cardamnums do warm, and deterge; they
firengthen the nobler Parts, diflipate Wind, and help Di-
geflion; and are us'd in Difeafes of the Brain, Stomach,
and Womb.
The Plants of the Cardanumn Family, aflord Something
very remarkable, as to the manner of their Propagation:
When ripe, their Pods fly open, and dart out their Seed up.
on a flight touch of the Hand. Nay, what is more, Mfr.
Ray tells us, the Cardamum Impatiens breaks its Pod, and
emits its Seed not only if touch'd, but if only the Hand be
firetch'd out, as if about to touch it: and *7ohnflon and
Gerrard affirm it to be true. See SEED, and SEMINATION.
CARDIAC, in Medicine, vulgarly call'd Cordial, a
Remedy antiently fuppos'd to exert it felf immediately in
Comforting and firengthning the Heart: but the modem
Phyficians rather fuppofe it to produce its Effi~e, by put-
ting the Blood into a gentle Fermentation, whereby the
Springs, before decay'd, are repair'd and invigorated, and
the Tone and Elafficity of the Fibres of the Veffels reffor'd:
the Confequence of which, is a more eafy and bri& Circu-
The Word comes from    the Greek xafcta, Cor; the
Heart being reputed the immediate Seat of its Operation,
G CARDIACUS Plexus, in Anatomy, a Plexus, or piece
of Network, form'd of a Ramification of the Par vagum,
or eighth Pair of Nerves. See PLEXVS Cardiacus, NERVE,
and PAR Vagum.
MDolor, in Medicine, a violent Pain, felt towards the upper
Orifice of the Stomach, accompany'd with a Palpitation of
the Heart, Fainting, and a Propenfion to Vomit ; better
known by the Name of Cardiac Paji0on, or HIrarurnt.

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