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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

Arterial - attaching,   pp. 145-169 PDF (19.4 MB)


Page 152


The se  ,     or /a   ta, Afiiiaove men
pofl ed eight or twelve Cities about Vyr:. The,
themfelves a Kin'g whom they call'd the Old tMn
Mountain. In I 1 3, they ateafinaed Lonis of Bawria
were Mahomet'as, but paid fome Tribute tothe 1K
Templars,-The Favourers of thel sfls were cond
by the Council of Lyons, and under InnocenF IV. in I
The   iars overcame them, and kill'd their old Mat
Mountain in I257 . upon which the lFaion became i
ASSATION, the preparing or dreffing of Medica
or Foods, in their own Juices, without Addition of
reign Moiflure.
-/'ation, in refpeEE of culinary Matters, is mo
IjU'.lltly  Cd4U  U   V.A UJ tzY %-~  X  ...m .. as  zj .  -- .  -
refaffion. See DRESSIN6, ROASTING, TORPEFACTION,
The Word is form'd of the Latin a/fare, to roafi.
ASSAULT, in the Art of War, an Attack made upon
a Camp, Fortrefs, or Poll, in order to become Mailer
thereof  See ATTACK, FORTRESS, Lce.          n .
An A/f~ault is properly a general Attack, wherein the
Affailants do not fcreen themselves by any Works.-
The Words are, to give an A/fault to fuch a Place, to be
commanded to the A/fault, to Rand an A/fault, to repulfe
an A/fault, to carry by A/fault, &c,
While an Afault lafts, and both Parties are mix'd; there
is no ufe of Cannon on either Side; for they are afraid of
deflroying their own Men thereby.
A Governour is obliged to fuflain three A/faults ere he
give up the Place-'Tis very difficult faving a Town from
Pillage that is carried by A/fault. See PILLAGE, &C.
The Enfans perds march firel to the A/fault. See EN-
FANS Perdus.
ASSAULT, in Law, is a violent Injury offered to a Man's
Perfon, of a larger Extent than Battery, for that it may bb
committed by only offering to give a Blow, or by a threat-
ning Speech,c c. See BATTERY.
To rebuke a Collector with foul Words, fo that he de-
parted for Fear, without doing his Office, was adjudg'd an
4blault; and to firike a Man, tho' he be not hurt with the
Blow, is reputed the fame. In Trefpafs for A/fault and
Battery,   a  Man may  be found guiIty of he ./ault, and ex-
cufed of the Battery, 2 5 5 d'w. 3.
ASSAY, or EssY, or SAY   , in Coinage, EAc. the Proof
or Trial of the Goodnefs, Purity Value, ETc. of Gold, Sil-
ver, or other Metals. See GOLD, SILVER, METAL, &C.
I'hc Methods of ASSAYING, or making ASSAYS, fee un-
der the Article ESSAY.
ASSAY of Weights and  Meafurs, fignifies the Trial or
Examination of common Weights and Meafures, ufed by
the Clerk of the Market. See WEIGtT, MEASURE, STAN-
DARD, CLERK of the Market.
ASSAYER of the King, is an Officer of the Mint, efla-
blifh'd for the A/fay, or due Trial of Silver and Gold. See
ASSAY.
The A/Jayer is indifferently appointed by the Mailer of
the Mint, and the Merchants who bring Silver, We. for Ex-
change. See MINT, COIN, SC.
ASSEMBLAGE, the joifing or uniting of feveral Things
together; or, the Things themfelves fo joined, or united.
See UNION, &C.
The A/emblage of two Bones for Motion, is called Arti-
culation. See ARTICULATION.
The Carpinters and joiners have various Kinds and
Forms of A,! emblage; as, with Mortoifes and Tenons, with
Dove-tails, Wc. See MoRToiEsi, DOVE-TAIL,&C.
The Europeans admire the Carpentry of fome Indians,
where the 'A/fcnblage is made without either Nails or Pins.
zUerrera. See CARPENTRY, NAIL, &C.
The Word A//emblage is alfo ufed in a  more ge neral
Senfe, for a Colleclien of feveral Things, fo difpofed toge-
ther, as that the whole has an agreeable Effh&t-'Tii with
Difcourfe as with Bodies, which owe their chief Excellency
to the jufi A/fcnblage, and Proportion of their Members.-
ASSEMBLY, a    meeting of feveral Perfons in the fame
Place, and with the fame common Defign.
The Word is form'd from the Latin adlimular; corn-
pounded of ad to, and fimul together.
Aflemblies of the Clergy, are called Convocations, Sy-
nods, Councils; tho' that annual one of the Kirk of Scot-
land, retains the Name General Aferbly. See CONVOdA-
TIION, SYNOD, COUNCIL , SC.
Thofe of judges, Cc. are called Courts, &c. See COUR T.
The Aemblies of the Roman People were called Comi-
tia. SeeS ComTIAUec
The A/embly of a Preacher, Cc. is his Audience.-The
Academies have their Alfemblies, or Days of A//embly. See
ACADAEMY, Ee)C.
The Alfemblies of Diffenters, Oc. are frequently called
ConventicleS. See CON'VENTICLE.
ASSENT, ASSENSUS, an Agreement or Acquifce nce of
the Mind, to Ibmething propofed, or affirmed.-Thus, to
a/rent to any Propofition, is to allow it true, or to perceive
its Truth. See TRuTH.
The Schoolimen obferve, that to every Propofitioni, how
compound or complex foever it be, there only  goes one
Ajfent of the Mind.-Thus, in the conditional Propofition,
If  the Sun H ines it is fDay; there is only one Ad//rt of the
Mind, which regards the Connexion of the Effe& with the
Condition. So in the disiuntive Propofition, Peter either
.fldies, or does not fudy; the Mind does not give a two-
fold /reet to the two Parts thereof, it being enough that
Peter do either the one or the other, for the Propofition
to be true. See PROPOSITION.
A/fent   is  diflinguiflhed,  like  Faith,  into  imfliti,   or
bl li nd;  and et pi cie,  orfeeing.   See  FA I I T ,  Cc .
Others diffinguill it into'Alual and habitual.-
1aguall A//t, is- a judgment whereby the Mind per-
ceives a thing to be true. -
Habitual A/Tent confifd s in certain Habits induced in the
Mind by repeated Ats. See HABIT and HABITUDE.
To this belongs Faith, which is an A/ennt arifing from the
Authority of the Perfon who fpeaks: Such alfo is opinion,
which is defined an A/Tent of the Mind cun formidine Op-
pofiti, &c. See FAITH, OPINION, &C.
For the Meajiures and Zegrees of ASSENT,s fee PROBA-
B IYLITY, VERIsImMIIYuD, EVIDENCEz, DEMMONSTRATI-
ON, &C.
Fa. Mallebranch lays it down as an Axiom, or Principle
of Method, never to allow any thing for Truth, fmom which
we can forbear our .4gent without fome fecret' Reproach
of our own Reafon. See LIBERTY, METHO1D)O MAxIM,
&C.
ASSERTION, AAssRorio, in the Language of the School.,
a Propofition which a Perfon advances s   which he avows to
be true, and is ready to maintain in publick. See PRO-
POSITION.
ASSESSOR, or Assnssouit, an inferior, or fubordinate
Officer of ji Note, chiefly appointed to affif' the ordinary
judge with his Opinion and Advice. See JUUDG and Jus-
TICE.
The Mailers in Chancery are ffe/flors of the Lord Chan-
cellor. See MASTER and CHANCELLOR.
The Word is Latin, form'd of ad, to, and fedeo, I fit.
There are two Kinds of Afe/fors in the imperial Cham-
ber, ordinary and extraordinary.-The ordinary are now in
Number 41, whereof 5 are eleated by the Emr    , vf'z
3 Counts or Barons, and two 7ris Conftlti, or Civil Law-
yers.  The Eleclors appoint Io, the fix Circles 18, we.
They a&t in Quality of Councellors of the Chamber, and
have Salaries accordingly. See IMPERIAL and CHAMsiER.
AssAssoR, is particularly ufed among us, for an Inhabi-
tant of a Town, or Village, elected by the Community, to
fettle the Taxes, and other Impofitions of the Year, to fix
the Proportion which each Perfon is to bear, and to fee the
Colleaion made. See TAX, &e.
By the Stat. I6 & I7 Car. z. two Inhabitants in every Pa-
nifh were made Ageflbrs for the Royal Aid. See AID.
ASSETS, in Law, Effe&s fufficient to difcharge the Bur-
den laid on an Executor, or Heir, for fatisfying the Tefla-
ttr's Debts or Legacies. See EXECuTOR, HEIR, TEsTA-
MENT, LEGACY, &C.I
The Word is form'd of the French A/fez, enough; in re-
gard whoever charges another with A/Tets, charges him with
having enough defcended or come to his Hands to difcharge
that which is in Demand.
,vets are of two Sorts, real and perfonal- Where a
man dies feifed of Lands in Fee-fitnple, the Lands which
defcend to his Heir, are -4/fets real. See REAL.
Where he dies poflefs'd of any perfonal Effate, the Goods
which come to the Hands of the Executor, are A6fets per-
fonal. See PERSONAL.
Of real ,Vets there are two sorts,  er w g ene and
Aftts enter  ain.
AssETs Per Slpeett, are where a Man enters into Bond,
and dies feiied of Lands in Fee-fimple, which d defend to
' ' ' hihi'
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