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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Analecta - antimony,   pp. 83-109 PDF (20.2 MB)

Page 107

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Socrates repre1ents St. Ignatius as the Author of this
way of finging among the Greeks; and St. Armbrofe among
the Latins-.-fiheodoret attributes it to Diodorus and
Flavian.  mealarius Fortuxatss has wrote exprefly ofthe
Order of Anthems, de.Yntiphonarum Ordine.
'At prefent the Term is ufed in a Comewhat narrower
Senfe; being applied to certain PaiTages taken out of the
Pfaldns, - Cc. and accommodated to the particular Solem-
nity in hand.
ANTHERA, in Pharmacy, a Term ufed by Come Wri-
ters for the Yellow part in the Middle of a Rofe. See
RosE-It is reputed more afiringent than the reft.
ANTHERX, among Potanifis, thofe littleTufts, or
Knobs which grow on thbe Tops of the Stamina of Flowers;
more ufually called Apices. SceAricEs.
ANTHESPHORIA, in Antiquity, a Feaficelebrated
in Sicily, in Honour of Proferpine. See FEAST.
The Word is deriv'd from the Greek P9-, Flower, and
i pe, I carry, in regard that CGoddefs was forc'd away by
Pluto, when fhe was gathering Flowers in the Fields. Yet
Feftus does not afcribe the Feafi to Proferpine; but fays
it was thus call'd, by reafon Ears of Corn were carried on
this Day to the Temples.
Anrheporia feem to be the fame thing with the Flori-
fertum of the Latins.
ANTHESTERIA, in Antiquity, was a Feaft celebra-
tcd by the Athenians, in Honourof'Bacchus. See FEAsT.
Some are of opinion it took its Name foom the Month
A 4ntheferion, wherein it was celebrated-Others pre-
tend, that it was not the Name of any particular Feaft, but
that all the Feafls of Bacchbs were call'd Ant hejI eria.
The moft natural Derivation of the Word is from C'v09-,
Flos, a Flower; it being the Cuflom at this Feafi to offer
Garlands of Flowers to Bacchits.
The Anthefteria lafled three Days, the eleventh, twelfth,
and thirteenth of the Month ; each of which Days had a
Name fuited to the proper Office of the Day-The firft
Day of the Feaft was c-alled vijoptca, i. e. Opening of the
Veffels, in regard on this Day they open'd the Veffels, and
tatted the Wine -The fecond they called yofs, Congii,
the Name of a Meafure, containing the Weight of about
ten Pounds: on this Day they drank the Wine prepar'd the
Day before-The third Daythey called zTto,, Kettles:
on this Day they boil'd all forts of Pulfe in Kettles; which
however they were not allow'd to tafle, as being offer'd to
ufe among the Greeks. See GREEK.
The 4nthologion is a fort of Breviary or Mafs-Book, con-
taining the daily Offices addrefs'd to our Saviour,theVirgin,
antl the principal Saints ; with other Common (Offices of
Prophets, Apofiles, Martyrs, Pontiffs, and ConfeiTors, accor-
ding to the Greek Rite. See BREVIARY, MA IS, OF-
It is called au'Ooyor, q. d. florilegium, or a Colleaion
of Flowers.
ANTHOLOGY, ANTHOLOGIA, a difcourfe or Trea-
tire of Flowers; thus call'd from  Fl Fos, a Flower, and
AC;Df, Sergo, Difcourfe. Others chufe rather to derive
.Antxology from tiOPUh, FPos, a Flower, and \op I gather;
and ufe it to fignify a Colleaion of Flowers. See FLOWER.
ANTHOLOGY iS particularly ufed for a Colleclion of Epi-
grams of divers Greek Poets. See EPIGRAM.
St. ANTHONY, gives the Name to anOrderof Knight-
hood, eftablifli'd in 138z. by Albert of Bavaria, &c. who
had then taken a Refolution to make War againfi the
Krirks. See OCauER and KNIGHT.
The Knights of this Order wore a Collar of Gold, with a
Hermit's Girdle, to which hung a Crutch and a little Bell.
Some Authors mention another Order of St. Anthony in
.Ethiopia, inftituted in 7o.
ANTHORA, or Healing Woifs-bane, a Species of
Aonite, whofe Root is ufeful in Phyfick; being reputed a
good Antidote, and a certain Counterpoifon to the ZT'hora,
whence its Denomination Anthora. See ACONITE.
The Root contains a great deal of volatile Salt and effen-
tial Oil-It is alexipharmick, cardiack, flomachick, and
good againfi the Wind-Cholick-
ANTHOS, "ArOor, in its original Greek, fignifies Flower;
but by way of Excellency ~s appropriated to Rofemary, Co
as to exprefs only Flowers of kofemary. See Rosi-
ANTIIRACOSIS, a Difeafe of the Eyes, occafion'd by
-a corrofive Ulcer, cover'd with Skin, and attended with a
eneral Swelling; efpecially of the Parts about the Eye.
lee EYE and ULCER.
The Word is Greek t  peuas, and denotes an Inflam-
mation refembling a Coal; jJta fignifying a Coal. See
ANTHRAX, av-fecF, flrifly fignifies a live Coal; and
figuratively, a Scab or Blotch, made by a corrofive Hu-
mour, which, as it were, burns the Skin, and occaflons
lharp pricking Pains.
The Anthrax is alfo called Carbo and Carbunculus. See
The Cure is attempted with Cataplafms of Theriac. Load.
Allium, Cepe cosc. Sapo Nig. &c.
or Treatife upon Man, or Human Nature.
Afnthropology includes the Confideration both of the Hu-
man Body and Soul,with the Laws of their Union, and the
EfFeas thereof, as SenCation, Motion, Fec.  See BODY,
Yet Dr. 5Drake entitles his Anatomy of the Human Bo-
dy, Anthroopologia. See ANATOMY.
The Word is compounded of "aragwrof, Man, and Ae;,
ANTHROPOLOGY, is particularly ufedin Theology, for a
way of fpeaking of God, after the manner of Men; by at-
tributing Human Parts to him; as Eyes, Hands, Ears, An-
ger, Joy, Tic.-.-
We have frequent Intlances oof Anthropology in Holy Scrip-
ture ; by which we are only to underaand the Effe&t, or
the Thing which God does, as if he had Hands, Qec. See
Method of Divination, performed by infpecting the Vifcera
of a Perfon deceafed. See DivINATION.
The Word is compounded of arzpo~reo Man, and Haxre7w,
AN THROPOMORPHITE, one who attributes to God,
the Figureof a Man. See GOD, ec.
ANTHROPOMOR PHIT ES were a Sec ofantientHereticks,
who, out of a too great Simplicity, taking every thing Cpoken
of God in the Scriptures in a literal Senfe ; imagin'd he
had real Hands, Feet, &ec.-The PaiTage they chiefly
infifted on, was that in Genefis, where it is faid that God
made Man after his own Image.
The Word comes from  the Greek ev~pur@, Man, and
s4pps, Shape.
ANTHKOPOPATHY, a Figure, Expreffion or Di1r-
courfe, whereby Something is attributed to God, which
properly belongs only to Man.
Anthropopathy is frequently ufed promifcuoufly with
Antbropology; yet in ftriatnefs they ought to be diflinguifh-
ed as the Genus from the Species-Anthropology may be
underflood of any thing Human attributed to God; but
Anthropopathy, only of Human Aife&ions, Paflions, Senfa.
tions, L5c. See ANTHROPOLOGY.
The Word is compounded of ivp'Tof, Man, and 7gc3og
ANTHROPOPHAGI, Cannibals; or Cuch as feed on
HumanFlefh. SeeCANNIBAL.
The Word is compounded of the Greek cutfusro;, Man,
and rate> Edo, I eat-The primitive Chriflians were
accufed by the Heathens of beingAnthropopagi;  a pp ears
from 7fatian, 7ertullian in his Apologeticks, Cap. VIF and
Salvian de Provid. Lib. IV. They affirmed that the Chri-
flians, in the Myfferies of their Religion, killed a Child,
and feafted on its Flefh. This Calumny was grounded on
what they had heard of the Eucharift, and the Communion.
ANTHROPOPHAGY, the Ad of eating human Flefh.
Some Authors trace the Original of this barbarous Cu-
flori,as high as the Deluge ;and attribute itto the Giants-
Pliny mentions Scythians and Sauromatans; and 7uvenal,
Egyptians, who accuflom'd themfelves to this horrible Re-
Eall-Livy tells us, that Hannibal made his Souldiers eat
human Flelh, to render them more fierce and daring in
In the fouthern Parts of Africa, and in Come Parts of
America; this horrid Praftice {till obtains.  See CAN-
The Phyficians think they have dilcover'd the Principle
of Aszthropophagy, and that it confifts in a black acrimo-
nious Humour, which being lodg d in the Coats of the Ven-
tricle, produces this Voracity. And they give leveral In-
flances of this inhuman Hunger, even among their own
Patients-M. Petit hasdifputed the Queltion, whether or
no .nthroposhagy be contrary to Nature?
ANTI, a Greek Prepofition, added to feveral Englips
Words, in two difterent Senfes-Sometimes it fignifies
before; asin Anti-Chamber, a place before the Chamber, in
which cafe it has the fame Meaning with the Latin, -#We,
before: Cometimes again it fines contrary, or oppofite,
and is then derived gmthe  reek   i, contra, againt;f
asin Antipodes, thofe who have their Feet oppofite to ours.
In this latter Senfe, the Word makes part of the Names
of various Medicines : as dxrivenereals, thofe i- d againft
the Pox; Antiarthyiks, thofe againft the Gout; dni-
aftA'maticks, againa- the Afthma; .dntiOmtinks, again*

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