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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Analecta - antimony,   pp. 83-109 PDF (20.2 MB)

Page 103

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SAT5 A*nimata the faei with j'rm-
Q ca l1oid thre teLa~zAntf earse lear
Lrlig  , paidir fpiritua1lTibvnis, t
1<  E .,  ,, r  *   ~ ~ ~ ar*  - To
after the Value of ciie Yeaf's ' Purchafie, tee F.svrTIr
A   ntates were aatiently a Right  paiditt the  p   up-v
onhis grantinga IJull'tfor a  vacant Bebefice, Abby =,. or
Bifhoprick    i but fince the Reformation they are  paid in
Eogland to the King.-    The firft Pope that impofesi
thep i Egn, fee      s to have been C ment V. who, ac-
cording to Mattheew of O'niinfter, exa fed Innates of all
the vacant Benefices in the Kingdom, for the fpace of two
Years, or according h to . W/igam for three Years.  His
Succeffok Jo/a XXII. introduted the like in Franee.
Yet Polydore Virgil, and fome others, take Annetes to
be of a much elder fatanding 3 and to have obtained long
before they were paid to the Pope. 'Tis certain at
leaft, thatfrom the Twelfth Century, there were Bi fhops
and Abbots, who by fome peculiar Cufom or Privilege,
took- 4nnates of the Benefies depending on their Diocefe
or Abbey.
r. attbew Paris, in his lHiflory cf .Egland, for the Year
746, relates that the Archbifhop of Cantert ury in virtue of
a Grant or Conceflion of the Pope, received Annates of all
the Benefices that 'became vacant in England. But in af-
ter-times the Holy See thought fit to take 'cm away from
the Bifhops and Archbilhops, and appropriate 'em to them-
ANNEALING, or as it is popularly call'd Nealing.
One fine ufe of Silver, fays Mr. Boyle, was only difcd-
vered fince the Art of Annealing upon GIa{s came to be
praaifed,-.ii.oF~r prepared Silver, or even the crude Me-
tal being burnt on a Glafs Plate, will tinge -it of a
fine yellow, or golden Colour. And there are feveral mi-
neral Earths, and other coarfe Matters, of ufe in this Art,
which by  means of Fire impart tranfparent Colours to
Glafs, and fome times very di erent ones frem thofe of the
Bodies themfelves. See Painting on GLASS.
ANNEXATION, in Law, the uniting of Lands or
Pents to the Crown. See ANNEXED.
A   NNEXED, fomethinglJoin'd to,or dependant of, ano-
ther      Thus we fay fuch a Farm, fuch an Advowfon is
annexld to fuch a Fee, fucha Manor, &c. Charles VIII in
the Year 148 6, annex'd Provence to the Crown of France.
ANN lENTED, a Term fometimes ufed in Law Books,
ini the Senfe of firufiratedj or annull'd.
t is of French original ; being form'd of the Verb Annien-
tir to bring to nothingi annihilates
ANNIHILATION, the A&1 of reducing a Subflance in
to Nothing; or of totally defircying and taking away it;
Exiftence. See SUBSTANcE and ExlsrENCE.
A4nnihilatiom ilanAs oppofed to Creation: The one fup
pofes fomething made out of nothing, the other nothinj
made out offomething. See CREATION.
All Annihilation inuft be Metaphyfical or Supernatural
v Bodies naturally admit of Changes aud Alterations ii
their form  ; but not of Anlni ilation.
philofophers objed againift this Notion of Annihilation
in that it Fiuppofes an Ad4 required thereto: Whereas, at
cording to, them, Annihilation mutt enfue upoi God
merely ceafing to ad, or to create a thing. For, ii the Cot
fervation of a thing be a continued Creation thereof; as
almofi univerfally allowed: 'Tis evident a thing can  n
lon er endure, than while God continues to create.
The Word is compounded Xof ad to, and nihil nothing.
ANNI Nuhiles, among Law-Writers, 'the legal Age,
which a Maid becomes fit for Marriage i which is at  f
)Years. See AGE.
ANNIS SEED, orAN IsEFr, a medicinal Seed or Grai
produced by an Umbiliferous Plant of the fame N am
common in our Gardens. 'See SE FTD.
It has a fweetilh Tafle, intcrmix'd with fomething pu:
gent and bitter: Is reputed an Aromatic, and prefcribe
not barely as a Carminative againfi Wind ;but alfo as a Pe
toral, Stoniachic and Digeflive. See CA R  N AT IVE, SC
It alfo yields by Diftillation, a white cordial Oil call
Y~er/ce of /nnis-.fedi of a very firong penetrating Sine
and efficacious in its medicinal Operation: It being alfo ufi
by the Confedioners to fcent their Pomatums, Fc.
In diflilling the Aniis -feed for the Oil; there is proc
red a: 3i'pid Water caiid' Annis-feed Water; which h
much tle famelVirtues with the Qil.
ANNIVERkARY, is property the yearly Return
any remarkablc Day3 ia d vwas antiently called a Tear-d
or Mind-day, that is, a Memorial-day. See AN NUAL DA
ecio 'On fome extraordipary Occalions fuch Daysha
been regiffer'd, and. annually obferved, in gratitude to Pou
dersand Benefaors.-'
The Word is form'd from annus and verto, in regard
"its returning every Year .  In this Senfe we fay j
nivefry Days,, dnqiverfaty Feafis, Anniverfary Prayers,
A  SNtVEiAs   Y ZaysvD es Ai'crrii arong -our Ah-
ceflors were thofe Days wherein the Martyrdomns of Aho
Saints were yearly celebrated in the Church ; as alfo Days
whereon, at every Year's end, Men were wont to pray for
the Souls of their deceas'd Friends-nnilariadies ideao
repetitur defunalis, quoniam xefci~mes qualiter e grum canfa
hqb'eatur in alia vita.-This was the Reafon given by AX
cuinus-in his Divine Officcs.
ANNOISANCE, or Nufavceim Law, a Hutt or Of-
fence, either to a publick place, as a High-way, Bridge, or
common River; or to a privatee one, by laying-any sthg
that may breed Infeaion; by incroaching, or the like means.
ANNOISANrE is alfo ufed for a Writ brought upon this
Tranfgreflion. SceNUSANCE. .
ANNOTATION, a fuccina Commentary, or Remark
oh any Book, or Writing; in order to clear up fome Paffagei
or to draw fome Indudion or Confequence from it. bec
The Criticks of the laft Age have made learned Annota-
tions on the Scriptures, the Claffics, We.
The Wotd is form'd of the Latin adnotatio i of ad and
Nota, Note.
ANNUAL, Something which returns every Year, or clo-
fesat the end of the Year. See YEAR.
Thus we fay an Annual or yearly Feafi, Office, Commif-
fion, Rent, tc. See ANN IvEREARY.
The A N N U AL Notion of the Eart/ftepro-sed tinder  t
/rticle EA RT 1.
ANNUAL, iS Sometimes ufed for the yearly Refit, or In-
come of a Prebendary,&c. See PREBEND, Oc.
ANNUAL Plants, call'd alfo imply Annualsi are fuch
as only live their Year, i. e. come up ini the Spring, and
die again in Autumn : And accordingly are to be recruited
every Year. See PLANT.
Annuals fland contradiihnguifhed from BifAnntials, Trien-
nials, gGe.                   l
ANNU AL Leaves, are fuch Leaves as come up afrefh in
Spring, and perifh in Winter. See LEAF.-Thefe fand
oppofed to Perennials. See PERENNIAL.
AN NO Donini, q. d. in the rear of our Lordi the Corn-
putation of Time from the Epocha of the Incarnation of
Jefus Chrifi. See ErociiA, COMPUTATION, Ee.
ANNUAL Equation, of the mean Motion of the Sun and
Moon, and of the Moon's Apogee and Niodes. See EQouA-
The annual Equation of the mean Motion of the Sun de
- pends on the Eccentriciry of the Earth's Orbit; and is I X_
sof thofe Parts, whereof the mean Diflance between the
Sun and the Earth is taco : whence byfome, it iscalled the
- Equation of the Center, and when greateft, is i Dewree
56', 20".
The greatefi annual Equation of the Moon's mean Mo-
tion is I l', 40". of its Apogee zo'* and of its Node 9', Ad.
See NoDE, E$.
nThe{e four annual Equations are always proportionable;
fo that when any of them is at the greatelt, the three others
are alfo greatef i; and vice verg.e -Hence the annualEiua-
tion of the Center (of the Sun) being given, the other tbrpo
's correfpondir'g Equations will be given 5 fo that one Tabli
n^ (that is, of the central Equation) may ferve for all.
is ANNUALIA, yearly Oblations antiently made by the
,o Relations of deceafed Perfons, on the Day of their Death.
This Day they call'd Tear-day, &c. and on it, Mafs was
it celebrated with greatSolemnity. See ANNIVERSARY.
a X ANNUENTIIS Mufculi, in Anatomy, a Pair of tranf-
Verfe Mufcle, at the Root of the Vertebre bf the Baqk;
i; call'd alfo by Mr. Co -xper, Refi interni minoresi be-
e, caufe they lie under the Reti ajores. See RactC .
Thev are called Annuentes, becaufe they help to nod the
n: Head direffly forward. See HAm UscLsWh
!d    ANNUITY, a yearly Ren t or Wenue, paid for Term
c- of Life or of Years, or in Fee and for e ver. See REvx-
NuE, FEE, WC.                   -               and
'd   In Common Law, the Difference between a Rent, and
I1, an Annuity confifls in this, that Rent is payable out of
:d  Lanid * whereas an Annuity chaiges only the Perfon of the
Grantor: and that for the Recovery of A Rent, an Aftion
u- lies X whereas for that of an Annuity, there only lies a
as Writ of 1nitfity againfi the Grantor, his Heirs and Succef-
fors. See RtNT, WRIT, AcTIoN, i.
of Add, that Annulities are never taken for A~fets; as beid4
ay  no Freeholds in Law. See A ss ofs.    . .   ong
Y,    The Computation of the Value of Annuities be!
yve . Political Arithmetic. See PoLIICcA  Art/amtft'.
in-   Dr. Halley, in his Obfervations on the Brai  Bill i
Mortality, ihews, That it is So to 1, a Perfon of 25 Years
of of Age does not die in a Year     That it i4 51 to wte";
in- a Man of 40 lives 7 Years; and that 'one 0f30 may reaf

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