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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

Alguazil - anagram,   pp. 61-82 PDF (20.5 MB)


Page 82


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The Anabaptifis adopted feveral other DIo)gmata from
the Gnoflicks, &c. touching the Incarnation,  mc. But
thofe who now retain the Name, have abandoned the
greateff Part thereof; and in lieu of the Fanatick Zeal of
the antient Founders of the Sect, have given into an Ex-
emp)ary Simplicity in their Afions, Difcipline, Drefs, W.c.
not much unlike the modern Quakers. See QUAKERS.
As they multiplied, they divided into a great number of
Seas; which took particular Denominations, either from
the Leaders thereof, or the peculiar Opinions, which they
fuperadded to the general Syflem of Anabaptifm.-The prin-
cipal were the Muncerians, Catharifts, Entbuyr/afls, Silentes,
Adamires, Georgians, Independants, Hutites, Melcbiorites,
N   ,dipedalians, Mennonites, Bulcboldians, Auguftinians,
Servetians, Monafterians, Libertins, FDeoreliotians, Sempe-
rorantes, Polygamites, A4mbrofians, Clancfllarians, Manife-
flarians, Bacularians, Pacificators, Pafloricides, Sangui-
narii, &c.
ANABAS1I, in Antiquity, the Couriers who traveled on
Horfeback, or in Chariots. See COURI ER, and POST.
The Word comes from the Greek ayvcoqt~:, adfcenfus,
mounting.
ANABIBAZON, in AfIronomy, the Dlragon's Head;
or the Northern Node of the Moon, where Ihe pafes the
Ecliptick from South to North Latitude.  See DRAGON,
and NODE.
ANABROSIS, in Medicine, the iiTuing of Blood at a
Hole wore in a Vein by Corrofion.-The Word is Greek,
a6vdRcc:Pl, eroflo.
ANACALYTERIA, in Antiquity, Feafis celebrated a-
mong the Heathens, on the Day that the Bridewas per-
mitted to lay afide her Veil, and to be feen in publick.
See FEAST, MARRIAGE, SC.
They were thus called from the Greek XtV V7sv, to dif-,
cover, uncover.
ANACAMPTICK, fignifies as much as Refleing; and
is frequently ufed in reference to Echoes, which are faid to
be Sounds produced anacamptically, or by Reflexion. See
REFLECTION, SOUND, and ECHO.
Hence alfo Anacampticks is by fome ufed for Catoptricks,
See CATIOPTRIc]s, PuoNIc1xs, &c.
ANACATHARTIC, is underilood of a purging Medi-
cine, that works upwards. See PURGATIVE.
The Word comes from ace, fupra, upwards; and xAwfw,
turgo, I Purge.
ANACEPHALEOSIS, in khetoricl, a Recapitulation;
or a lhort and fummary Repetition of what has been faid.
See RECAPITULATION.
The Word comes from the Greek o!vg, which in Compo-
fition fignifies Repetition, and xsoaA4, Head.
ANACHORET, or ANCHORET. See ANCHORET.
ANACHRONISM, in Matters of Chronology, an Error
in Computation of Time; whereby an Event is placed
earlier than it really happen'd. See TIME, and CHRONOLOGY.
Such is that of Virgil, who places Dido in Africa at the
Time of lEneas i tho, in reality, {he did not come there
till 300 Years after the taking of 9roy.-An Error on the
other fide, whereby a Fact is placed later, and lower than
it fhould be, is call'd a Parachronifm. See PARACHRONISM.
The Word is compounded of the Greek Ova, furfum, fu-
pra, retrorfttm, higher, backwards i and     t tempus,
Time.
ANACLATICKS, that Part of Opticks which confiders
refraded Light. See REFRACTION.
A4naclaticks are the fame with what we more ufually call
Dbioptricks. See DIOPTRICES.
ANACLETERIA, in Antiquity, Feafis celebrated in
honour of Kings and Princes, when they took upon them
the Adminiflration of their State, and made a Solemn De-
claration thereof to the People.
The Word is form'd of avo, and x'Av, voco, Icall.
ANACREONTIC, in the Greek and Latin Poetry, fome-
thing invented by Anacreon; or in the Manner and Tafle
of Anacreon.
Anacreon, a Poet of Aeios, who lived upwards of 400
Years before Chriff, was famous for the Delicacy of his
Wit; and the exquifite, yet eafy and natural, turn of his
Poefy.-We have feveral of his Odes fill extant; and few
of the modern Poets, but have Anacreonticks in Imitation
hereof
They are mofi of 'em compofed in Verfes of feven Syl-
lables; or rather, of three Feet and an half, Spondees and
Iambus's, tho fometimes Anapeffs.-Hence, Verfes in that
Meafure are uFually called Anacreonticks, or Anacreontic
Verfes. See VERSE.
ANADIPLOSIS, in Rhetorick, a Figure, in which one
Verfe begins with the fame Word wherewith the former
ended. See FIGURE.
The Word is fometimes alfo ufed in Phyfick, for a Re-
duplication of the Fits, or Paroxyfrns of Fevers; in which
Senfe, fome Writers alMo call it Efpanadiplofis.
A N A
ANAGLYPHIC1., or the ANAGLYPIHIC jrt, fj3
Sculpture; or the Art of Carving, Engraving, Chafin,
Embofling. See SCULPTOR, CAiLVING, ENGRAVING
CHASING, 'C.
The Word comes from the Greek d're7Auvow exjcu@
ANAGOGICAL, Myflerious, Something that rail
Mind to ThinoQ ete~rnal .,..A k.. th-yIVw i  Mak xd.Lrz el t
next Life. See ANAGOGY.
This Term is principally ufed with regard to the difiert
Sehfres of the Scripture.-The literal Senfe is the firf*, ai
the natural Senfe: The mt'ffical Senfe is founded on the z,
tural Senfe. from wheincre it is tak-en hit A-1-piv .- rins
rifon, by Sim&il; twudevor Refemblanc  o one t
ther and is divided into feveral kinds. See MYsTICAL.
Where it regards the Church, and Matters of Religion)
it is called the Allegorical Senfe. See ALLEGORICAL. .No
Where it regards our Morals, it is called the Ylropo41a
Senfe. See TROPOLOaICAL.
And where it regards Eternity, or the Life tO corhei it
is called the Anagogical Senfe. See SENSE.
The Word is derived from the Greek dmjA, carrid
away, overturning; which is form'd of the Prepofi6o6 4m
furfum, upwards, and Aced, leadig ; of dyoc, 4uco.  .
ANAGOGY, ANAGOGE, a Raptute, dr Elevation af the
Soul, to things Celeflial, and Eternal. See EXTASY, feC.
This is net the natural Senfe of fuch a Pafiage of Scripture,
it is an Anagogy. See MYSTIC.
We have Comments on the Scripture, which are Anago.
gies throughout. See ANAGOGICAL.
ANAGRAM, ANAGRAMMA, a Tranfpofal of the Let-
ters of a Name; or a Combination thereof in fome newv
manner, fo as to exhibit one or more Words, either to the
Advantage or Difadvantage of the Perfon to whom it be-
longs. See N-AME.
The Word is form'd from the Greek apye     , I write
backwards.
Thus, the Anagram   of Galenus is Angelas; that of
Logica, Caligo ; that of Loraine, is Alerion ; on which ac-
count it was, that the Family of Lorrain took Alerions fot
their Armoury.-Calvin, in the Title of his Infliturionsi
printed at Strasburg in 1539, calls himfelf Alcuinus, which
is the Anagram of Calvinus, and the Name of an eminent-
ly learned Perfon in the Time of Charlemaign, who con-
tributed greatly to the Reflauration of Learning in that Age.
Parclay, in his argenis, anagrammatizes Calvinus by a
lefs creditable Name, Uinulca: and Rabelais, to be re-
venged of the fame Calvin, who had made an Anagram of
his Name, found in that of Calvin, ;7an Cul.  g
Such as keep clofe to the Definition of Anagram, take
the Liberty to omit or retain the Letter H, and that Letter
only; but fuch as fland up for the poetical Licence, make
bold fometimes to ufe E forE, V for Wi S for Z, and 6
for K; and vice verfa. See ALPHABET.
T'his way of writing was fcarce known among the An..
tients: Daurat, a French Poet in the Reign of Charles IX.
is ufually faid to be the firf} that broach'd it: Yet Lyco-
phron, who wrote under Ptolemy Philadelphus, about 280
Years before Chrifi, appears to have been no Stranger to
the Art of making Anagrams. Canterus, in his Prologome-
na to Lycophron, gives us two of his Pieces in this Eind;
the firm* on the Name of King Ptolemy,    llToAxiwoc, in
which he found   did t4A:7o7, of Honey; to infinuate the
Sweetnefs and Mildnefs of that Prince: The fecond was on
Queen Arfinoe, 'Apii:'6u, of whom he made Iov HHs, 7uno's
Violet.
The Cabbalifls among the _Jews are profefs'd Anagram-
mifis ; the third Part of their Art, which they call Mura,
i. e. changing, being nothing but the Art of making Ana-
grams, or of finding hidden and myftical Meanings in
Names: which they do by changing, tranfpofing, and dif-
ferently combining the Letters or thofe Names.-Thus, of
n the Letters of Noah's Name, they make In Grace. of
And: the Mejfiah, they make  n   he /hall rejoice.
There are two manners of making Anagrams; for, I',
fome only confifd in dividing a fingle Word into feveral : Thus
&  ula VI IIe Uod 2 erminus, mention'd by
Gellius, Lib. XII. c. 6. is founded on the Anagram
M I N U S: and thus Suflineamus yields fus tinea  a
This Kind alone feems to have been ufed among th
mans.
The fecond, is where the Order and Situation c
Letters is changed: Such are thofe abovemention'd
alfo thefe, Roma, Maro, Amor3 Ju41ius, Livius; C
Porcus, Procus, Spurco.
7o find    all the ANAGRAMS  any Name will adh
algebraically, fee the Article COMBINATION.
The fineff and happiefi of all the Anagrams ext.
that on the Queflion put by Pilate to Jefus Chri4't;
efi veritas ? which anagrammarically make, Eft vl
adefJ: The Anagram, here, is the bell, and juflefi A
that could poflibly be given.
Be
A N A
R
g
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