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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

U[/V] - venter,   pp. 273-292 PDF (20.2 MB)


Page 292


IV t
I
W   s Bubos, with various miaignatt Pofiles in all Parts
i he Body. See Buno.
So~metimes, alfo  there happen callous Ulcers, call'd Shan-
kersi in the Scrotum and Perineum; and fometimes a can-
cerous and callous Ulcer between the Prepuce and Glanss;
nnd in fome the Teflicles fwell. See SiANKER.
Add to there, violent noaurnal Pains, Nodes, Heats in
Hie Palms of the Hands, and Soals of the Feet; and hence
Fiffures, Excoriations, Condylomata, eec. about the  Anus;
falling of the Hair - ruddy, yellow, or livid Spots, Hoarfe-
nefs, Relaxation anJ Erofion of the Uvula, Ulcer of the Pa-
late, Ozzrna, tingling of the Ears, Deafnefs, Blindnefs, Itch,
Confumption, Wc. But 'tis rare all thefe Symptoms happen
to the fame Perfon.
The Venereal D1Jifeafe, Sydenham obferves, is communi-
cated by Copulation, Latation, Handling, Saliva, Sweat,
the genital Mucus, and the Breath: And in whatever Part
it is receiv'd, it there difcovers it felf firil. When the In-
fecion is receiv'd along with the Milk from the Nurfe, it
commonly {hews it felf in Sorenefs and Ulcers of the Mouth.
The Method of Cure is various, according to the various
Symptoms and Stages : For the firff Stage, viz, a Gonorrhea
Virulentai or Clap. See CLAP, and GONORRHAEA.
Dr. Pitcairn's Method is this: After two or three Vomits,
he direas Mercurius rDulcis, for fome Days, twice a-day ;
when the Mouth grows fore, let alone the Mercury for three
br four Days, and purge every other Day. As the Mouth
grows well again, repeat the ufe of Mercury ; and thus al-
ternately, till the Symptoms ceafe. See MERcuRY.
For a confirm'd Lues, Mercurial Salivation is generally
held the only elmaual Cure: Tho Mercurial Friaions, ap-
plied in fuch Quantity, and at fuch Intervals as not to raile
a Salivation, is held by fome to be not only eafier and fafer,
but even more fuccefsful, in this Difeafe, than Salivation it
felf. See SALIVATION.
Dr. Srdenham tells us, he ufes to falivate immediately,
without any preliminary Evacuation, or Preparation of the
Body at all. His Method is this ; He prefcribes an Unguent
of 'ii of Axag. TPorcin. Swines-feam, and hi of Mercury.
With a third Part of this, he orders the Patient to anoint
his Arms and Legs, for three Nights fucceflively, with his
own Hands; fo as not to touch either the Arm-pits, the
Groin, or the Abdomen.-After the third Untion, the Gums
ufually fwell, and a Ptyalifm comes on.-If it does not come
in the time, he exhibits Turbith Mineral gr. viii. in Con-
ferve of Red Rofes; which occafioning a Vomiting, raifes
the Ptyalifm. And if, afterwards, the Salivation abate, ere
the Symptoms are quite difappear'd, he orders it to be pro-
moted with a frefh Dofe of Mercurius Dljlcis. The Diet
and other Regimen, to be the fame as in a Catharfis.
VENERIS Oeftrum, the 7ranffport of Love, expreffes the
utmoff Ecfcafy of Defire, or Enjoyment, in Coition. See
OESTRUaM.
Some are of Opinion, that infeaious Women are the
moff apt to communicate the Poifon, when they are thus
excited with Defire; whereas, with Indifference, they may
admit the fame Intercourfe without giving the Infeaion.
VENERIS Oefrrum, in Anatomy, the fame as CLITORIS.
VENERY, is ufed for the Ac of Copulation, or Coition
of the two Sexes. See COITION, and GENERATION.
It takes its N'ame from Venus, the fuppofed Deity of the
Paffion of Love.
VENERY, is alfo the Art or Exercife of hunting wild
Beaffs ; which are alfo call'd Beafts of Venery, and Beafts
of Foreft. See HUNTING.
Such are the Hare, Hart, Hind, Boar, and Wolf. See
BEASTS.
VENIA, among our antient Writers, denotes a kneeling,
or low Profiration on the Ground; ufed by Penitents. Wal-
fingham, p. I96. Rege interim profirato in longa yenia.
Per venias centum verrunt barbis pavimentum.
VENIAL, a Term in the Romijh Theology, applied to
flight Sins, and fuch as eafily obtain Pardon. See SIN.
In confefling to the Priefi, People are not oblig'd to ac-
cufe themselves of all their Venial Sins.
The thing that gives the greateft Embarras to the RomAi
Cafuifis, is to diflinguiflh between Venial and Mortal Sins.
The Reformed rejeft this Diffinrion of Venial and Mortal
Sins ; and maintain, that all Sins, how grievous foever, are
Venial; and all Sins, how flight foever, are Mortal  And
the Reafon they urge, is, that all Sins, tho of their own Na-
ture Mortal, yet become venial, or pardonable, by virtue 'of
our Saviour's Paflion, to all fuch as fulfil the Conditions on
which it is offer'd in the Gofpel.
To which the Romanifis anfwer, that one of thefe Condi-
tions is Confeffion. See CONFESsIoN.
VENIRE Facias, in Law, is a Judicial Writ, lying
where two Parties plead, and come to Imbue: for then,
the Party Plaintiff or Defendant, fhall have this Writ di-
refe   to the Sheriff, to caufe twelve Men of the fame
gutnt-y to fay the Truth upon the Iffue taken; And if this
292j
y E N~~~ -
Inqueft come  hot at the  Day of the Writ return'd; then
Ihall go an Habeas Corpus, and after that a Difirefs, until
they come.
VENiLE Facias tot Matronas. SeeVENTE Infipiciendo.
VENISON, or YEN AISON, the Flefh of Beafis of Game,
or of Animals to be caught in the way of Gaming, i. e. by
Hunting, &c. as Deer, Hare, Cc. See GAME.
The Word is form'd of the Latin Venatio, Hunting. See
HUNTING.
.eafts of VENISON. See BEAST.
VENOM. See POISON.
The Terms Venom and Poifon only difer from each other
in this, that the latter is ufed where the hoxious Matter is ta-
ken inwardly, as in Foods, Drinks, Uec. and the former, where
it is applied outwardly, as in Stings, and Bites of Serpents,
Scorpions, Vipers, Spiders, Wfc.
The Pike is faid to have a venomous Tooth. All veno-
mous Beafis, in the general, have that Quality in a greater
degree, when bred in mountainous and dry Places, than
when in wet and marfhy Places ; the Southern more than
the Northern; thofe hungry and enraged, than others ; and
in Summer more than Winter.
VENOUS, Venofus. See VENAL.
VENOUS Artery, Arteria VENOSA. See ARTERY, LUNGS,
CIRCULATION, &C.
VENT, VENT-Hole, or Spiracle, a little Aperture, left
in the Tubes or Pipes of Fountains, to facilitate the Wind's
efcape; or, on occafion, to give them Air; as in froffy
Weather, Fic. for want of which they are apt to burl. See
'FoUNTAiN.
A Vent, taken in this Senfe, is the End of a Pipe, placed
ere&, and reaching above ground, being ufually folder'd to
the Elbows of the Pipes.
The Vents of large Pipes, are always as high as the Su-
perficies of the Refervoir; unlefs there be a Valve in them.
The Word is form'd from the Latin Ventus, Wind.
VENT is alfo ufed for a little Hole, pierced in Veflels of
Wine, Beer, &c. that are in tap; and which admits Air
enough to make the Liquor run, but not fo much as to cor-
rupt and fpoil it.
VENT, again, is apply'd to the Covers in Wind-Furnaces,
whereby the Air enters, which ferves them for Bellows; and
which are flop'd with Regiffers, or Slices, according to the
degree of heat requir'd ; as in the Furnaces of Gkfs-Houfes,
Efayors, Eec. See BELLOWS, FURNACE, &C.
Lafily, the Word VENT is ufed for a Pipe of Lead, or Pot.
ter's Ware; one end whereof opens into the Cell of a Ne-
ceflfary Houfe, and the other reaches to the Roof of the
Houfe; to give room for the corrupt fetid Air to exhale.
There are alfo Vents, or Apertures made in the Walls
which fuflain Terraffes, to furnifh Air, and give a PaiTage
for the Waters.
This kind of Vent the Italians, and we from 'em, call a
Barbacane. See BARBACANE.
VENTER, !elly, in Anatomy, a Cavity in the Body of
an Animal, containing Vifcera, or other Organs, neceflary
for the Performance of divers Fundions. See VISCERA, C.
Phyficians divide the human Body into three Venters, Re-
gions, or Cavities; the firfi the Head, containing the Brain,
ec. See HEAD.
The fecond the Breaff, or K'horax, as far as the Dia-
phragm; containing the Organs of Refpiration. See THORAX.
The third, which is what we commonly call the Venter,
or Belly, is that wherein the Inteflines and the Organs of
Generation, and Digef*ion, are contain'd; called by Anato-
miffs the Abdomen. See ABDOMEN.
This laf*, call'd alfo the lower Venter, is fubdivided into
three Regions; the firil and highefi whereof, call'd the E-
pigajiric Region, reaches from the Cartilago Xiphoides near
to the Navel; the fecond, call'd the Umbilical, comprehends
the Space of three or four Fingers breadth, about the Na-
vel, containing the Reins and Loins; and the third, the
Hypogaftric, which reaches to the Pudenda, and is what we
properly call the lower Venter: Hippocrates calls it Iteop.
See HYPOGASTRIC, EPIGASTRIC, SC.
Its two Sides are call'd Ilia, the Flanks; and its lowell
Extreme the Groin ; in Latin Inguen, and in Greek Weraev.
VENTER, or Belly, is alfo popularly us'd for the exterior
Part of the lower Venter: In which Senfe, we fay, the Sa-
vel is in the middle of the Venter, &c.
It is alfo ufed for the Ventricle, or Stomach; becaufe that
Part is enclofed in the Cavity thereof. See VENTRICLE.
In this Senfe it is, that _7onas is faid in Scripture to have
been three Days in the Whale's Belly.
Lafily, Venter is alfo ufed for the Womb, or Uterus of
Women: And hence the Writ De Ventre Inopiciendo. .
Hence, alfo, in the Civil Law, we fay, Partus fequitur
Ventrem, the Child follows the Belly; meaning, that its
Condition is either free or fervile, according to that of its
Mother. See MARRIAGE.
They


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