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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

Locustae - lysiarcha,   pp. 466-477 PDF (10.9 MB)


Page 473


Lr                             413u
nio recourfe to the Great-Seal. The, Lord-Privy-Seal re- able in 'efbi; Cregorio
rDet alfo publilhf' a Bo]   M
ceiving his Warrant from  the Signet-Office, ilues the Subjea of Lotteries.
And Father Meneftrier has done thI
.rivy-Seal, which is an Authority to the Lord Chancellor fame in a Treatife
publifh'd in I jco. He there 1hes
to pfas the Great-Seal, where the nature of the Grant their Origin, and their
Ufe among the Romans, He di-
requires the Great-Seal. But Privy-Seals for Money be- flinguilhes feveral
kinds of Lotteries,, and takes occafion
gin in the Treafury, from whence the firft Warrant if- to fpeak of Chancesi
and refolves feveral C f
Iues, counterfign'd by the Lord-Treafurer. On the Lord- fcience relating
thereto.
Privy-Seal are attendant four Clerks, who have two Depu-  LOVE and Hatred;
See Pleafure and Pain.
ties, to a& for them.  The Clerks of the Privy-Seal    LOUIS, or LOUIS
D'OR, a French Coin,
and Signet have no Salaries, but Board-Wages 301. per in x640. under the
Reign of LouisXlI. ald which has
ennum, and pay Taxes; but they have confiderable Fees now a confiderable
Courfer Louis d'Ors at firft were va-
upon Warrants, for Gift of any Office, Penfion, Annuity, lued at lo Livres,
afterwards at it.; and at length at it
Special Livery, Conge d'Elires, Prefentations, Pardons, and 14- In the latter
end of Louis XIV. they were rifen
Licences, Wc.                                        to 2o, and in the beginning
of that of Lous XV. to 30
Lord-Steward of the King's HRoauld, is the principal Of- and 36, nay 40 and
upwards; with this Difference howl
ficer for the Civil Government of the King's Servants be- ever, that in the
lait Coinings, the Weight wag aug-
low Stairs ; over the Officers of which, he has Jurifdidt-ion. mented in
fome proportion to the Price, which in the
He is conflituted by the Delivery of the White Staff, former Reign was never
regarded. On one fide of thd
which is efleemed his Commiffion. By virtue of his Of- Coin is the King's
Head feen, with his Name 5 and an the
fice, without any other Commiiflon, he judges of all Of- other, a Crofs compofed
of 8 L's cantoned with Crownsi
fences committed within the Court, or the Verge there- The Legend is, CbriJ/us
regnat, vincit, imperar. The Re-
of, and gives Judgment according to their feveral Deferts. verfe has been
frequently changed; at prefent it bears
To him it belongs at the beginning of the Parliament to  Hand of Juflice
crofs'd in a Saltier, with a Scepter.
attend the King, and to adminifler the Oaths of Alle-  There are alfo white
Louis's, or Louis dArgent; fome of
giance and Supremacy to all the Members of the Houfe 60, of 30, 15, 5, and
4 Sols a-piece, called alfo tEcs,
of Commons, and at the end of Parliament to adjult and among us French Crowns,
Half-Crowns, &c. See Crown
Parliamentary Expences. At the Death of the Sovereign  On the one fide whereof
is the King's Head, and on the
he breaks his Staff over the Hearfe, in which the Royal other the French
Arms, with this Legend, Sit nomen Domini
Corps are depofited, and thereby difchargeth all the Offi- benediftum.
cers under his Power.                                  ST. LOUIS, the Name
of a Military Order infitutel
Lord-Lieutenants of Counties, are Officers of great Dif- by Louis XIV. in
1693. Their Collar is of a Flame-co-
tiniftion, appointed by the King for managing the fland- lour, and paf[6s
from Left to Right. The King is their
ing Militia of the Country, and all Military Matters: Grand Mailer. There
are in it 8 Grands-Croix, and 2+
They are generally of the principal Nobility, and of the  Commanders. The
Number of Knights is not limited.
befl Intereil in the County: They are to form the Militia  At the time of
their Inflitution, the King charged hiß
in cafe of a Rebellion, &ic. and march at the Head of Revenue with a
Fund of 300000 Livres, for the Penfons
them, as the King lhall direl. They have the Power of of the Commanders and
Knights.
commiffioning Colonels, Majors, Captains, and Subaltern  LOW-BELLERS, in
our Statute-Books, are Perront
Officers; alfo to prefent the King with the Names of the  who go with Light
and a Bell; whereby Birds fitting on
Deputy-Lieutenants ; who are to be felecfed from the  the Ground become filupefied,
and fo are cover'd with a
bell Gentry in the County, and ad in the Abfence of the  Net and taken,
Lords-Lieutenants. No Subjea is to be charged with an  LOXODROMY, Rbumb,
the Courfe of aShip, or the
Morfeman, unlefs he has 500 . per Annum, or 6ooo 1. Line it defcribes in
failing from any Point towardsanother,
Perfonal Eflate ; nor with a Foot-Soldier, unlefs he hath  excepting a Cardinal
Point; making equal Angles with e-
5o 1. yearly, or 6co 1. Perfonal Eflate.  Subfervient to  very Meridian.
The word Loxodromy is derived fromtho
the Lords-Liewtenantso and Deputy-Lieutenants, are the  Greek AoeF-, oblique,
and J'etAc-, Courfe; becatie it cuts
Juflices of Peace, who, according to the Order they re- the Circles of the
Sphere obliquely. See Rhbumb
ceive from them, are to ifue out Warrants to the High  LOXODROMIQUES, the
Art or Method of oblique
and Petty-Conflables, &ic. for Military Service, Wc.  Sailingj by the
Loxodromy or Rhumb,   Hence Loxor-
LOT. See Scot.                                     dromic Triangle, &c.
See Rbunb.
LOTION, in Pharmacy, a Preparation of Medicines, by  LOZENGE or LOZAN GE,
a kind of Parallelogram
wafhing them in fome Liquid, either made very light, fo  or quadrilateral
Figure, confifling of four equal and 'D-
as to take away only the Dregs; or made to penetrate rallel Lines or Sides,
whofe Angles are not right, but
them, in order to clear them  of fome falt or corrofive whereof two oppofite
ones are acute, and the other two
Spirit i as the Lotion of Antimony, Precipitates, Magifle- obtufe; the Diflance
between the two obtufe ones being
ties, L&c. Or elfe intended to take away fome ill Quality, always equal
to the Length of one Side. Some Geome-
or to communicate fome good one.                     tricians call the Lozenge
Hebmuaym, and the Trapezium
Lotion is alfo the Name of a Remedy, holding a Me- Hebmuarepte. In Geometry
it is ordinarily call'd Rbambus
dium between a Fomentation and a Bath. There are re- and when the Sides are
unequal, Rbomboides. Scaliger de-
freflhing and fomniferous Lotions for feverilh Perfons, made rives the word
Lozenge from Laurengia, this Figure refem.
ceiving~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~  ~   ~   ~   ~  ~~~~~~~~~~~a done WarntrmteSge-fichisteSbe~fLttre.Adahreerc
to Leaves, Flowe s Great-SeandlRoots, wherrewith the Grant their Origin,
and theirfs that of a  the r eafe
gin in.4 the Trar,-  from- whnc  theI .-A  Warn if   to -iel  of Chnes an
   reole feeal
ittn~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~m,~~~~~~ ~                                      werd
rifee;bt:hyhv  ofieal  esno  ofdrbl  ore  oisd(r  t
Licenses, Tic.   -            to 209 and in the beginning of that of   i
h in t
He ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~   ~   ~    ~    ~   ~    ~   ~   ~   ~   ~~~~: Tie Re~ttdb
 h  eieyo  h  ht  tff  omrRinwsnvrrgre.O  n
attend ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~  ~   ~   ~   ~   ~  ~   ~~~~~~~~n one Kigth oamn~rteOtso
 le  heeaeaf  ht  oi',o  oi ig
Corps are depofited, and thereby di~chargeth all the Offroix, and zm
cars under his Power. r ST. LOUIS, the Name of a Mihitged hi
Lord-Lieatenants ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~   ~   ~    ~   ~  ~   ~~~~h PenfionaeOfceso
 ratDf  yLxiXV  n163  hi Cla  so
tincftion, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~    ~   ~   ~   ~   ~   ~  ~~~~~r aponePerh
igfrmnaigtefon or  n  a~wsfo  ettoRgt  h
ing Militi of the Cuntry, an  all Militry Matter: Grand Miler  Thereare 
dn ftttingnd0-
They ae genrallyof th prinipal Nbilit, andof th  Commnders.The Nmbever'dniwithi
them, as te King Shel direcR.They have he Power o  of the Cmmanderrdsd Knithes
Deputy-Lieutenants;~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~  ~    ~  ~   ~   ~~~~~~e from th ob
 eeid rmteteGoudbcm  ipfi  n  Oaec
sol.~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~  ~   ~   ~   ~  ~   ~~~~~~~~~~it andly  orpa efnlEit.Sbevett
 er  eiin  h  odLxdoyi ei
and Pety-Conftbles, Tc. for  ilitaryServicegc.   Saiingj bythe LoxdroonesRhbmbn
scathig the  in Soe Liqid, eiher mde ver ligh, fioor quarilatral Fiures onfScaligfeourde
asto tae awayonlyth Dregs  or mad  to peetraterallelLines o Sides whoigunglerarfeno
them  inorde tocler thm o Soe fet o  corofie weref tw  oposiee oes re cute
an th
Spiriti as te Lot n of ntimon, Precpitate, Mag~e- obu~e; te Difince btween
he twoobtuf
siftsgc. O  elfieintened totake aay foe illQualit, alwys equl to he Legth
ofone Sde. S
or to communicate Some good one.  tricians call the Lozenge He~~~~~~~~mgayms
and th~
Lotion i alfo th Name ofa Remed, holdin a Me- Hbmaarept- In Gemetry itis
ordinrily ca
diu  bewee a ometaton nd  Bah-  her ar rv ad wen he  i~ls ae uequls bom~oies
frothng an Somnferou Lotins fo feveish Prfon, mad  rive the  ord Lzengefrom
 axreniai tis F
of Leavs, Flowrs and  oots bol d, werewiththe Fee  bling n SomeRe~pe~t that
o a Laurl-Leaf
of Leaves, Flowers and Roots boil'd, wherewith the Feet bling in fome Refpec's
that of a Laurel-Leaf.
aind Hands of the Patient are walh'd, anrd after walhing,  Lozenge is alfo
a Term in Heraldry;
wrapp'el up in Linnen fleep'd in the fame Decoaion till and 'tis in this
Figure that all unmar-
dry. There are Lotions alfo for of Head and Hair, made  tied Gentlewomen
and Widows bear their
of the Alhes of Vine-Twigs.                         Coats of Arms; becaufe,
as fome fay, it
Lotion of the Philofophers, in Chyniiflry, is a Cohobation  was the Figure
of the Amazonian Shield,
which Nature makes of what is rais'd up, and afterwards or, as others, becaufe
it is the antient Fi-
l    hback to the, bottomr of whe Vnce thel .-                   :.     r
.r  i-urto ofe   of Sianles. Tne Lozearge diCers
Lotioen, Walh, a Form of Medicine made up of liquid  from the Fufil, in that
the latter is narrower t
Matters, ufed for beautifying the Skin, and cleanfing it dse, and not fod
Iharp at the Ends.
from thofe Deformities which a di{lernper'd Blood fome-  Lozenges, a Form
 of Medicine, made it   ml
times throws on it; or rather, which are occafion'd by a Pieces, to be held
or chewed in the Mouth, t t
ypreternatural Secretion; for, generally Lpeaking, thofe melted or waLCed.
diflempers of the Skin, which are accounted Signs of a  LUCARIA, the Name
ofa FeaL in ufe a   onth
foul Blood, proceed from the natural Salts thrown of n by  Romans. Sexs Peompeios
oberves, that the Lci
the cutaneous Glands, which ought to be walh'd away thro  celebrated in the
Wood, where the Romans, d
the Kidneys: a o that inlded  of Sweetners, which are us purfued by the Gauls,
retired and concealeduisf
fually prefcribed on thefe Occafio.s, Dr. Q incy thinks  It was held in the
Month of n ln , in memory o
the Urinary Difcharge iShould be promoted, or that of  ylum they found in
that Wood, which was b
the  Skin reifiled by proper Lotion', or Ointments and  theverber and the
Road call'd o 'ia Sataria.
Fririons.                                            The Word, according
to Fetos and Sex. Poe  c
LOTTERY, a       kind of Game at Hazard, wherein fe- from Lecus, a  Grove
or Wood. r arro derives i
veral Lots of Merchandize, or Sumn s of Money, are depo- the Ablative of
the word Lux, Light and Lie
fired for the Benefit of the Fortunate. The Defsgn of former Etymology feems
the more natural.
Lotteries, and the Manner of drawing them, aretoo well  LUCIANIST, or LUCA
NIST:      The Name of a
known among us to need a cefcription here.  They are Serf fo called from
L ycans or Lhn canes, a Hefre
very frequent in England oad Holmand, where they cannot fecond Century. He
was a Difoiple of darc h
be get on foot without the Permiembon of the Mgifirte 0 Errors he follow'd,
and added new ones to 'em E
oIn France too they have had feverl  in favour of their nids fays, he abandon'd
McC rcws , teaching ta
Hofpitals. M.leClerc has compofed a Treatife of Ltteri  ought not to marry
for feafr of enriching tHe
rihe  wherein is Shewn what is laudabIr , and what blame- And yet other Authors
mention, that hehel
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VL LTUJILIULC. .1 he.Lozenge differs
Lotion, Walb, a Form of Medicine made up of liquid Ir6o&l m' t he  ,
in that the latter is narrower in the Mid-
Matters,, ufed for beautifying the Skin, and cleariling it dle, and not fo
Tharp at the Ends.
from thofe Deformities which a diff emper'd Blood forrie-  Lozenges, a Form
  of Medicinej made into  finall
times throws on it 5 or rather, which are occafion'd by a Pieces, to be held
or chewed in the Mouth, tJI1 they are
preternatural Secretion 5 for, generally fpeaking, thofe  melted or wailed.
Diftempers of the Skin, which are accounted Signs of a  LUCARIA, the Name
of a Feall in ufe among the
foul Blood, proceed from   the natural Salts thrown off by  Romans. Sextus
Pompeius obferves, that tho Lucaria were
the cutaneous Glands, which ought to be wafh'd away tbro celebrated in the
Wood  where the Romans, defeated and
the Kidneys: fo that inflead of Sweetners, which are u- purfued by the Gauls,
retired and concealed themselves.
fually prefcribed on there Occalions, Dr. 9,uincy thinks It was held in the
Month of guly, in memory of the A-
the Urinary Wcharge fhould be promoted, or that of fylurn they found in that
Wood, which was between the
the    Skin re&ified by proper Lotiow, or Ointments and  theTyber and
the Road call'd Plia Salgria.
Friaions.                                               The Word, according
to -Feflus and Sex. Tom
'peius, comes
LOTTERY, a kind of Game at Hazard, wherein fe- from Lucus, a Grove or Wood.
Farro derives it from Luce,
veral Lots of Mercliandize, or Surrs of Money, are depo- the Ablative of
the word Lux, Light and Liberty,  But
fited. for the Benefit of the Fortunate.  The Defign of former Etymology
feerns the more natural.
Lotteries, and the Manner of drawing them, are too well  LUCIANIST,     
or LUGANIST:        The Name  of
kno,vn among us to need a   Deftription here. They are Sea  fo called from
 Lncianus orLacanus, a  Heretic of the
very frequent in England and Hoffand, where they cannot fecond Century. 
He  was a  Difciple of Maecion$ whofe.
be fet on foot without the Permifflon of'-the Magillrate. Errors he follow'd,
and added new ones to 'cm.  Epipba-
In France too they have had feveral in favour of their nius fays, he abandon'd
Marcion, teaching that People
Hofpitals. M. le Clerc has compofed a  Treatife of Lottei ought not to rnarrK
for fear of enrichin - he Creators
rics, wherein is fhewn what is laudable, and what blame- And yet other Aut
ors mention, that he  eld this Errot
E    e  C  I; C  0         . 1
34


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