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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Accursed - aerometry,   pp. 21-40 PDF (18.1 MB)

Page 40

'A                                                        A .t4
.OLIC, or ./OLIAN, in Grammar, the Name of one        The geberality of Writers
agree, that the Urn
bf the five Dialets of the Greek Tongue. See GREEK, ginally ufed in refpea
of the manner of reckor
and DIALECT.                                          among the Spani.r49;
whofe AWra was thirty ei
It was firfi ufed in Sfotia; whence it pafs'd into &olia, older than
the Chritian Epocha, or Year of Gj
and was that which Sappho and A1cfus wrote in.        Peter the fourth King
of Arragon, was the firfe
The Aolic Diale&t throws out, all the Iharp, harfh Ac- lifh'd the Spanijh
-Era in his States, in the Year
cents; and agrees in fo many things with the Doric Diale&t, did 7obn
I. King of Portugal, in 1451.
that the two are ufually con founded together. See DORIC.  The Origin of
the Word is fornewhat obrcur
iEOLIc, or EAOLIAN Mode, in Mufick. See MODE.      fays, that in Cicero and
Lucilius, the Word lEra
iEOLIPILE, ;EOLIPILA, a hydraulick Inftrument, confif- and fignifies the
fame thing with Commentaria, L
ting of a hollow metalline Ball, with a flender Neck or Book of Accounts,
or a Merchant's Journal.
Pipe arifing from the fame; which being filled with Water,  Others, according
to the fame Author, are a
_-S .1  _ _ at . Duo w; -     e a--.ii..  nvpment Thafil that Era was ufed
inflead of Hera, for Referz
and thus expos'd to the Fire, prU4~_                   ordu a  ad ha i fgnfyd
he    omninsofa rice
of Wind. See WIND.
This Infirument, Des Cartes and others have made ufe  Others, according to
Ifidore, derive it from A&s, -Aris.
of, to account for the natural Caufe and Generation of Wind. on account of
the Tax of a Piece of Silver, impos'd by An-
-And hence its Name, AoZolipila, q. d. pila .Eoli, Aolus's guftus on the
Heads of all the Subjeats of his Empire.
Ball; Eolus being reputed the God of the Winds. See     Others fay, that
the Word is form'd from the initial Let.
GOD.                                                  ters of the three firff
Words in the publick Aas, Anrtts
Sometimes the Neck is made to fcrew into the Ball, ERat Augfifli ; but thefe
three laft Etymologies are rejet-
which is the mod commodious way, becaufe then the Ca- ed with good Reafon.
vity may the more readily be filled with Water: If there  JERARIUM, the publick
Treafury of a State or People,
be no Screw, it may be filI'd thus.-Heat the Ball red hot, See TREASURY.
and throw it into a Vefel of Water; the Water will     The Temple of Saturn
at Rome, being the great Trea-
run in at a fmall Hole, and fill about two thirds of the Ca- fury of the
State, was firfi called .Erarium ; from  As,
vity.                                                  Aris, Brafs; that
being the only Money in ufe before the
If, after this, the .Eolipile be laid on, or before, the  Year of Rome 48
5- Pliny, L. III c. 3 3.-See MONEY.
Fire; fo that the Water and VefTel become very much heat-  The AErarium Militare
was a Fund of Money, deffin'd
ed; the Water being ratified into a kind of momentary Air, for the Maintenance
of feveral Companies of Soldiers, to be
will be forced out with very great Noife and Violence; in readinefs for.the
better Defence of the City.-It was firfl
but it will be by Fits, and not with a conflant and uniform  erecied under
A4uguJfus, and maintained by a yearly volun-
Blaff.                                                 tary Contribution;
but that proving infufficient, the twen,
Thefe Phienomena, the Reader will be eafily enabled to tieth Part of all
Legacies and Inheritances, except of fuch.
folve, from  what is Ihewn under the Articles, AIR, WA- as fell to the next
of kin or the Poor, were confign'd to this
TER, RAREFACTION, &C.                                 Treafury.
The Air or Vapour iffuing out of the ZEolipile, is found  For the Cuflody
hereof, three of his Lifeguard were con-
fenfibly hot near the Orifice; but at a farther diflance, fPituted Prtiefeti
Erarii.  See PRtuEcTus.
cold; like what we obferve of our own Breath: The        AERIAL, AERius,
fomething that confifis of Air, or has
Caufe of which is controverted.-The Corpifcularians ac- a relation or refemblance
to Air. See AIR.
count for it hence, that the Fire contain'd in the rarified  The _Effeni,
the mod refined and rational Sea among
Vapour, tho fufficient to be felt near the Orifice, difenga- the ,7e'ws,
held that the human Soul confided of an Ae-
ges it ielf in the Progrefs of the Stream; and becomes in- rial Matter. See
fenfible ere arriv'd at the Journey's End. See FIRE.-The  Angels or Spirits,
whether Good or Evil, faid Sometimes
mechanical Philofophers, on the other hand, hold that the to appear, are
fuppofed to affume an aerial Body, in order
Vapour, at its Exit from the Ball, is endued with that pe- to come fenfibly.
culiar Species of circular Motion, which conflitutes the Quali-  Porphyry
and ,7amblicus admit a fort of Demons or
ty Heat; and that the further it recedes therefrom, the more  aerial Spirits,
to which they give various Names. See DE-
is this Motion defiroy'd, by the Reaaion of the contiguous MON, GENIUS, VIc.
Air; tillthe Heat at lengthbecomesinfenfible. SeeHEAT.   The Roficrucians,
and other Vifionaries,'fill the Atmo,
Chauvin fuggefis fome further Ufes of the ffolipile.-  fphere with aerial
Inhabitants. See RosIcRuIciAN, SYLPII,
10, He thinks it might be applied infilead of Bellows to blow  GNOME, WC.
the Fire, where a very intenfe heat is requir'd. ±, If a  AERIAL Perfpccive,
is that which reprefents Bodies
Trumpet, Horn, or other fonorous Infirument were fitted to weaken'd and,diminifh'd,in
proportion to their diflance from.
its Neck, it might be made to yield Mufick.  30, If the the Eye. See PERSPECTIVE.
Neck were turn'd perpendicularly upwards, and prolong'd  Aerial PerfpeTive,
has chiefly to do with the Colours of
by a Tube or hollow Cylinder fitted to it, and a hollow Ball Obje&s,
whofe force and lufire it takes ofF more or lefs,
laid on the Orifice of the Tube; the Ball would be blown  to make 'em appear
as if more or lefs remote. See Co-
up, and kept fludtuating or playing up and down: As in the  LOUR, and CLAIR-OBSCURE.
Stream of a Fountain.  See FouNTAIN.-And, 50, it        It is founded on
this, that the longer Column of Air an
might ferve to fcent, or perfume a Room, if fihl'd with per- Objed is feen
thro'; the weaker do the vifual Rays emit-
fum'd, inflead of common Air.                         ted from it affed the
Eye. See VISION.
AEON, EON, AmLy, q. d. Age; literally fignifies the Du-  AERIANS, AERIANI,
in Antiquity, a Secd in Religion,
ration of a thing. See AGE, and DURATION.              denominated from Aerius
i a Perfon alive in the Time of
But fome antient Hereticks have affix'd another Idea to St. Epiphanius.
it; in order to which, they have made ufe of the Philofo-  The Aerilns had
much the fame Sentiments, in ref] eatof
phy of Plato: giving Reality to the Ideas, which that Phi- the Trinity, as
the Arians; befide which, they had fome
lofopher had imagin'd in God; and even personifying them, Dogmas of their
own, and particularly this: That there is
and feigning them diflina from God, and to have been pro. no difference between
Piefls and Bifliops ; but that the
duced by him, fome Male, others Female. See IDEA, and  Priefihood and Epifcopate
are abfolutely one and the fame
PLATONISM.                                             Order, or Dignity
: An Opinion fince firenuoufly afferted by
Thefe Ideas they call Eonss; of an Affermblage whereof many modern Divines.
they compos'd the Deity, calling it fatwed, a Greek Word,  Aerius built his
Dodrine chiefly on fome Paffages in St.
Signifying Fuinefs                                     Paul; and, among others,
that in the firft Epifile to qimo-
Simon Magus is faid to have been the firil Inventor of thy, Ch. IV. v. 14.
where that Apofile exhorts him not to
thefe -,ons; which were afterwards brought to Perfedion neglect the Gift
he had receiv'd by the laying on of the Hands
by Valentinus, who acknowledg'd thirty of 'em. See GNOS- of the Presbytery.
Here, obferves Aerius, is no mention of
~IC5, VALENTINIANS, SC.                               Bifhops; but !inmothy
evidently receiv'd his Ordination
EQUAL.                          qU A L.            from the Presbyters or
IEQUALTY.                            IY.              St. Epiphbnius, Her.
75. flands up brifkly for the Supe-
JEQUATIONQUATION.                                   riority of Bilhops, againft
the Acrisns.-The Word Presby-
iEqUATOR.                    I EQUATOR.             tery in St. Paul, he
obferves, includes both Bilhops and
AEQUINOX.              ISee   EqUINOX.              Priefis; the whole Senate,
or Affembly of the Ecclefiafficks
JEQUINOCTIAL.          > ee      u EqyINOCTIAL.     of the Place: And
in fuch an Afembly had tfraothy been
.EQUIPOLLENT.                 EOquIPOLLENT.         ordain'd. See PRESBYTERY.
a Kind of Divination,
UV C     EQUIVOCAL.            perform'd by means of the Air. See DIVINATION,
EQUIVOCATIONc               ßEquIVOCATMN, WC.      AIR.
.ERA, in Matters of Chronology, fignifies the fame with  The Word is compounded
of the Greek awr, Air, and
Elbochaa; that is, any Point of Time, determin'd at Plea- pucevre~c, Di~ivination.
fure, whence to begin the Computation of the Years clap-  AEROMETRY, AEROMETrRIA,
the Art of measuring
fed fince. See ErocnA.                                the Air, its Powers
and Properties. See AIR.
Atromet f

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