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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

The preface,   pp. I [i]-xxx PDF (27.2 MB)

Page ii

ii                           The'R E
ind amplified to take in fo large a Strufture, can have I
of the Parts.-Whereas the Parts are not lefs Matter of
together. Nay, and in ftrikfnefs, as our Ideas are all Sing
*one; it feems more natural to confider Knowledge in its pro
by different Terms; than to confider the whole Affembl
merely artificial and imaginary.
AND yet the latter Way muft be allow'd to have ma
truth is only of ufe and fignificance as it partakes thereof:
artificial; and that the Imagination is really the Faculty it in
moft advantageous way, is to make ufe of both Methods: -
Imagination to the Whole: and as a Whole, to help it to ev
fo far as the many and great Difficulties we had to labour
I N this View we have endeavoured to give the Subf
Branches of Knowledge both natural and artificial; that is,
fpontaneoufy, as in Natural Hiftory; or with the AMIi
grliulure, &c. Secondly, to our Imagination; as in Gro.
fon; as in Phyficks, Metaphyficks, Logicks, and Mathei
from each; as Archite&ure, Painting, Sculpture, Trade,
Particulars, not immediately reducible to any of thefe Hear
THE Plan of the Work, then, I hope, will be allow'd to
Execution of it. It wou'd look extravagant to fay, Tha
ploy'd in it to advantage; and yet it winl appear, that a
of this, would anfwer all the Purpofes of a Library,
more to the propagating of ufeful Knowledge thro' the Body of a People, than
any, I had almo& faid all,
the Books extant.--After this, let the Reader judge how far I may deferve
Cenfure for engaging in it, even
difadvantageoufly; and whether to have fail'd in fo noble a Defign, may not
be fome degree of Praife.
B UT, it will be here neceffary to carry on the Divifion of Knowledge a little
further; and make a precife
Partition of the Body thereof, in the more; formal Way of Analyfis: The rather,
as an Analyfis, by ihewing
the Origin and Derivation of the feveral Parts, and the Relation in which
they fland to their common Stock
and to each other; will affifi: in reftoring 'em to their proper Places,
and conneating 'em together.
r&xnrbk ; confifting in the Perception of Phtno.- METEOROLOGY'.
I                              ~~~~~~~~~~HYDROLOGY'~.
mena, or External Objefs-called PHYSIOLOGY, MIN EROLOGY3
or NATURAL HiSTORY; and which according to' PHYTOLOGY 4.
the different Kinds of fuch Objets, divides into ZoOLOGY S.
!~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~   ~  ~   ~   ~~~~            - |  ----                   
     IMhFrD.~r InlPnot*_eli~lP4SrC  na  ..t  >_t
Xaturl and seierntfle, I  OR"                        A-   . --- -_ 
                  ---      --a Uj.J.NILOSOPHY -,
r  titwhich is either                                i ' I*ra *thereof-called
which fubdivides into  PNBUMATOLOGY.
Ra.ional;        1 ajrantities thereof, called MA-  ARITHMETIC -whence IANALYTICS
athoeAlconfift;nginthePerception  THEMATICS-   which di-)               
       TALGNBRAO   Y.
of the intrinfick Charackers or Ha- vides, according to the Sub-  G     
. bitudes of fenfible objets-either  jeC& of the Qiuantity, into  GERMETRY"-whenceCONPICS.
Relations thereof to our Happi- ' ETHICS'3 or NATURAL  POLITICS '4.
j   nefs.    called RELIGION,  RELIGION-whence  LAW'5.
or the Doltrine of OFFICES,
which fubdivides into-  THEOLOGY 6, or REVELATION.
Atr, ipal and Technical,
(confifting in the
Application of Na-
tural Notices to'
further Purpofes )
which   is   either
Interca; employ'din difcoveringtheirAgreement and Difagreement; or their
Relations in refpet of'dLoGIcs'7.
IFurther Powers and Properties of Bo. S ALCHEMY.
dies-called CHYMISTRY 5-whence 4 NATURAL MAGIC, erc.
I DIoPTaICs-whence Z PAI N T 1 NG .
PHONICs-whence MusicK 'Z.
IJ.@anities ofBodies-  PNEUMATICS 14
call'd MIX'D MATHE-                        ARCHITECTURE 6
OR,                       MATICS;whichaccor- MECHANICS 15-   whence sSCULPTURE
,Real, employd in   ding to the different                     (TRADES I and
difcovering and  Subjefts refolves into  PYROTECHNIA '9-whence  T FORTIIFICATION
3A 3
applying  the.-                                             FORTo9 - e ce~
ASRf     oy2    whneCHRONOLOGY 33.
|                                 S~~~~~~~~~~~DIALLING 34.
EXterNAl,                I Struflura and Oeeonomy of Organical Bodies  called
bich is        ,          R. rAnimals-called                    MEDICINE
either-                 I                                       PHARMACY
Relations thereof to the               AGIUTUE4
Prefervation and Im-  Vegetables-called  GAGRICULTURE 4.
provement-either oGAfDENUNGING
|..    provernent-.either  of  Brutes- called  FARR iING   4 h  FALC4N RT
(Words, or Articulate Signs of Ideas  called GRAMMAR 44.
Symolialem  )                                   The making of.Armories, called
ploy'd in framin  Figures called RHETORIC 4$-Whence           HALR a fc
Fables.  cailed POETRY 47.
T HIS is a View of Knowledge, as it were, in ftmine; exhibiting only the
grand, conifituent Parts
thereof. It would be endlefs to purfue it into all its Members and Ramifications;
which is the proper Burinefs of the
Blook it felf I It might here, therefore, feem fufficient to refer from the
feveral Heads thus deduced, to the fame in
the Courfe of the Work; where their Divifion is carried on. And yet this
would fometimes prove inconvenient
for the Reader; who to find fome particular Matter mufl go a long Circuit,
and be bandied from one part
of the Book to another : To fay nothing of the Interruptions which may frequently
happen in the Series of Ref
rences. To obviate this we fhall take a middle Courfe, and carry on the Diftribution
further, in a Note in the Mar-

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