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Hooke, Robert, 1635-1703 / Micrographia: or some physiological descriptions of minute bodies made by magnifying glasses : with observations and inquiries thereupon
(MDCLXVII [1667])

Observ. LI. Of the crab-like insect,   pp. 207-208

Page 207

               MI C ROG RAP HIAn                                    2o7
relations how much the Negro Women do befmeer the of-fpring of the
spaniard, bringing forth neither white-tkinn'd nor black, but tawny
hided Mylattos.
  Now, though I propound this as probable, I have not yet been fo farr
certify'd by Obfervations as to conclude any thing, either pofitively or
negatively,concerninig it. Perhaps,fome more lucky diligence may pleafe
the curious Inquirer with the discovery of thissto be a truthwhich I now
conjec&ure, and may thereby give him a fatisfadory account of the caufe
of thofe creatures,whofe original 1eems yet fo obfcure, and may give him
caufe to believe,that many other animate beings, that feem alfo to be the
mere produCt of putrifaLtion, may be innobled with a Pedigree as anci-
ent as the firft creation, and farr exceed the greateff beings in their nu-
merous Genealogies. But on the other fide, if it fhoUld be found that
thefe~or any other animate body,have no immediate fimilar ParentI have
in another place fet down a conjextural Hypothe/is whereby thofe Phl.'
namena may likelyenough be folv'd, wherein the infinite wifdom and
providence of the Creator is no lefs rare and wonderfull.
             Obferv. L I.    Ofthe Crab-like Infeiff
D Eading one day in Septemb. I chanced to obferve a very final creature
    creep over the Bock I was readingvery flowly ; having a Aicrofc6pd
by me,[ obferv'd it to be a creature ofa very unufual formand that not
lefs notable; fuch as is defcrib'd in the ftcoid Fiure of the 3. scheme.
was about the bignefs ofa large Mitezor foniewhat longersit had ten legs,
eight of which, A A A A, were topt with veryflarp claws, and were thofe
upon which he walk'd, teeming fhap'd much like thofe of a Crab, which
in many other things alfo this little creature resembled; for the twio
other claws,B B, which were the formoft ofall the ten~and feem'd to grow
out of his head,like the horns of other Animalswere exaffly form'd in the
manner of Crabs or Loblters claws, for they were fhap'd and jointed
much like thofe reprefened in the schieme and the ends of them were fur-
nifh'd with a pair of claws or pincers,C C,xvhich this little animal'did
and {hut at pleafure: It feem'd to make ufe of thofe two horns or claws
both for feelers and holders; for in its motion it carried thefe aloft ex-
tended before, moving them to and fro, jult as a man blindfolded
would do his hands when he is fearfull of running againft a wall, and if
put a hair to it, it would readily take hold of it with thefe claws,
and feem to hold it faff. Now, though thefe horns feem'd to ferve him
for two ufesnamely,for feeling and holding; yet he feem'd neither blind,
having two finall black fpots, D D, which by the make of them, and the
bright refleCtion from them feem'd to be his eyes; nor did it want other
hands, having another pair of claws, E E, very neer plac'd to its mouth,
and feem'd adjoining to it.
  The whole body was cafed over with armour-lhells, as is ufuall in all

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