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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

Attachiamenta - azymus,   pp. 170-184 PDF (13.1 MB)


Page 170

)iftrefs does not touch the< Body, which an Attachment does.-
Yet the two are frequently confounded together.
In the moft common Ufej an Attackment is an Apprehenfion
of a MOn bthis Body, to bring him to anfwer the Adtion of
the Plaintiff.-A Dif'refs with a Writ, is the taking of a Man;
a Diftrefs without a Writ, is the taking of a Man's Goods for
fome real Caufe, as Rent, Service, &c. See DISTRESS.
ATTACHMENT out of the Chancery, is had of courfe, upon
an 4ffdavit made that the Defendant was ferved with a Subptena,
and appears not; or iffueth upon not performing Cfone Qrder or
Decree. See CHANCERY,
After the Return of this Attachment by the Sheriff, luod non
efJ Inwentus in Ballivafua; another Attachment, with Proclama-
tion, iffues: And if he appear not thereupon, a Writ of Rebel-
lion. See REBELLION, &C.
ATTACHMENT of the Foreji, is one of the three Courts held
in the Foreft. See FOREST.
The loweft Court is call'd the Attachment, the mean Swani-
mote, the higheft, the Juffice in Eyre's Seat. See SWANIMOTE,
and JUSTICE.
The Court of Attachments feems fo call'd, becaufe the Verde-
rors of the Foreff have therein no other Authority, but to receive
the Attachments of Offenders againift Vert and Venifon taken by
the reft of the Officers, and to inroll them, that they may be
prefented or punifhed at the next Juffice Seat.-This Attach-
went is by three means; by Goods and Chattels; by Body,
Pledges, and Mainprize; or by Body only.-This Court is held
every forty Days throughout the Year.
ATTACHiMiENT of Privilege, is, by Virtue of a Man's Privilege,
to call another to that Court whereto he hfrell belonas, and in
refped whereof he is privileged to anfwer fCome Aition.  See
PRIVILEGE.
Foreign ATTACHMENT, is an Attachment of Goods or Money
found within a Liberty or City, to fatisfy fome Creditor within
fuch City or Liberty.
By the Cuftom of fome Places, particularly London, a Man
may attach Money or Goods in the Hands of a Stranger * As,
if A. owes B. Io Z and C. owes A  aol. B. may attach the loL
in the Hands of C. to farisfy himfelf.
ATTACHIAMENTA         Bonorum, in our antient Law Books,
denotes a Diftrefs taken upon the Goods or Chattels of any Per-
fon, fued for perfonal Eflate, or Debt, by the legal Attachiators
or Bailiffs, as a Security to anfwer the Adtion.
ATTACHIAMENTA       de Spinis & Bofco, fignifies an antient Pri-
vilege ganted to the Officers of Forefts, to take to their own
ufe, Thorns, Bruth, and Windfalls, within their own Precin~ts
or Liberties. See FOREST.
ATTACK, an Attempt upon any Perfon or Thing; or
the Aft of beginning a Combat, or Difpute.  See AGGRES-
SOR.
ATTACK, in the military Art, is an Attempt or Engagement
to force a Poil, a Body of Troops, or the like.  See As-
SAULT.
We Cay to begin, to make, to fuffain an Attack, &c. Seve-
ral Authors have wtote of the Art of attacking and defending.
See DEFENCE.
ATTACK of a Siege, is the Effort made by the Befiegers with
Trenches, Mines, Galleries, &c. to make themselves Maflers
of a Fortrefs, in attacking one of its Sides. See SIEGE, FOR-
TIFICATION, WORK, &c.
Falfe ATTACK, is that which is not vigoroufly prosecuted;
ferving only to make a Diverfion among the befieged, and to
oblige them to divide their Forces, that the true Attack may be
carried on with greater Succefs. See FALSE.
To ATTACK is Flank, is to attack both Sides of the Ballion.
See BASTION.
ATTAINDER, in Law, is whien a Man has committed Fe-
lony, or Treafon, and Judgment is pafled upon him.  See FE-
LONY and TREASON.
The Children of a Perfon attainted of Treafon cannot be
Heirs to him, or any other Ancellor; and if he were noble be-
fore, his Pofterity are hereby degraded and made bafe: Nor can
this Corruption of Blood be Calved but by an At of Parliament,
unlefs the Judgment be reverfed by a Writ of Error. See AT-
TAINTED.
Our antient Laws makes this Difference between Attainder
and Convi6iion, that a Man was faid to be conviCted prefently
upon the Verdid; but not attainted till it appeared he was no
Clerk, or being a Clerk, and demanded by his Ordinary, cou'd
not purge himnelf. See CLERGY.-add, that Attainder is more
extenfive than Convition; Conviftion being only by the Jury,
and Attainder not before Judgment. See CONVICTION.
A Man is attainted two ways; by Appearance, or by Procef+.
Attainder by Appearance, is either by Confreifon, by Battel, or
by Ver*d.-,Confeflon, whereof Attaint grows, is twofold; one
at the Bar before the Judges, when the Prifoner, upon his Indit-
ment read, owns himfelf guilty, never putting himfelf on hisJu-
ry. The other is before the Coroner, in Sandtuary; where he,
upon his Conafeffion, was in former times conftrain'd to abjure
the Realm, which is alfo call'd Attainder b  ,bjnrition.  See
SANCTUALY and ABjURATION.
70)                         AT T
-ttinde r           when the Party appeard by another.
chufing rather to try the Truth by Combat than by Jury  it,
vanquifhed. See BATTEL, COMBAT, DUEL, SAC.
Attainder by Verdif, is when the Prifoner at ~he Bar andwer-
ing Not guilty to the Indidhment, hath an Inqueft of Life and
Death paifed on hum, and is by the Verdidt of the Jury pro-
nounced, Guilty. SeeINQuEST.  .
Attainder by Procefs, otherwife cald AittAindr 'by Default, or
Attainder By Outlaqwry, is where a Party flies, or does not appear
after being five times publickly call'd in the County-Court, and
at la, upon his Default, pronounced, or returned outlawed. See
OUTLAWRY.
bill of ATTAINDER, is a Bill brought into Parliament, for a&-
tainting, condemning, and executing a Perfon for High-Treafon.
See BILL, PARLIAMENT, TREASON, &C.
ATTAINT, ATTINCTA, in Law, a Writ which lies after Judg-
ment, againift a Jury that hath given a falfe Verdia in any Court
of Record; be the A6tion real or perfonal, if the Debt or Da-
mages exceed 4.o s See JURY and VERDICT.
If the Verdict be found falfe, the Judgment antiently was,
that the Jurors Meadows ihould be ploughed up, their Houfes
broken down, their Woods grubbed up, and their Lands and
Tenements forfeited to the King.
It it pafs againft him that brou&t.that .ttaint, he fhall be im-
priloned, and grievoufly ranlbmed'at the King's Will.
ATTAINI ED, in Law, is ufed for a Perfon found guilty of
fome Crime or Offence, particularly of Felony or Treafon. See
ATTAINDER.
Yet a Man is faid to be attaiated of Di-eifin; and fo it is ufed
in French: as, ejire attaint, & evaint en aucun car, is to be caft
in any Caufe.
ATTAINT, among Farriers, figniRes a knock, or hurt in a
Horfe's Leg; proceeding either from a Blow with another Horfe's
Foot, or from an over-reach in frofty Weather, when a Horfe
being rough-fhod, or having Shoes with long Calks, trikes his
hinder Feet againf his Fore-leg.
The Farriers dinfnguith upper Attaints, given by the Toe of
the Hind-foot upon the Sinew of the Fore-leg.-And nether At-
taints, or Over-reaches on the Paflern-Joint, which are little Blad-
d&rs like Wind-Galls, coming either by a Wrench, a Strain, an
Over-reach, or the like.  I'he ulual Place is in the Heel or
Trutl.
ATTENDANT, or ATTENDENT. See ASSISTANT. See
alfo RETINUE, SATELLIT, &C.
ATTENDANT, ATTENDENS, in Law, fignifies one that owes
Duty or Service to another, or depends upon him  Thus if there
be Lord, Mefne, and Tenant; and the Tenant bold of the Mefne
by a Penny; and the Mefne hold over by two Pence: If the
Mefne releafes to the Tenant all his Right in the Land, and the
Tenant die, his Wife thall be endowed of the Land, and fhall
be Attendant to the Heir, of the third Part of the Penny, not
of the third Part of the two Pence; {he being to be endowed
of the beft Poflefflon of her Husband.-Where the Wife is en-
dowed by the Guardian, the Ihall be Attendant to the Guardian,
and to the Heir at his full Age. See WIFE and WOMAN.
ATTENTION, ATTENTIO, a due Application of the Ear,
or the Mind, to any thing faid, or done.
Attention of Mind is not properly an At of Underftanding,
but rather of the Will, by which it calls the Underftanding from
.the Confideration of other Objedts, and directs it to the thing in
hand. See UNDERSTANDING and WILL.
Attention, in refpe6t of Hearing, is the fretching or ftraining
the Membrana Tympani, fo as to make it more Iufceptible of
Sounds, and better prepared to catch even a feeble Agitation of the
Air. Or it is the adjufting the Tenfion of that Membrane to the
Degree of loudness or lownefs of the Sound we are attentive to.
See TYMPANUM      See alfo HEARING, &c.
The Word is compounded of ad, to ; and tevfaw, of texde, I
firetch.                              I
ATTENUANTS, ATTENUATIVES, or ATTENUATING Me-
dicine;, fuch as fubtilize or break the Humours into finer Parts;
and thus difpofe them for Motion, Circulation, Excretion, &c.
See ATTENUATION and HUMOR.
Attenuants fRand oppofed to Thicknerm, or Medicines which
condenfe, infpiffate, &c. See DETERGENT.
ATTENUATION, ATTENUATIO, the A& of attenuating;
that is, of making any Fluid thinner, and lefs confiftent than it
was before. See FLUID.
The Word is compounded of the Latin ad; and tenis, thin,
flender, weak.
Attenuation is defined more generally by Chauvin, the dividing
or Separating of the minute Parts of any Body, which before, by
their mutual Nexus or Implication, form'd a more continuous
Mals.-Accordingly, among the Alchymifts, we fometimes find
the Word uled for Pulverization, or the act of reducing a Body
into an impalpable Powder.  See POWDER and PULVERIZA-
TION.
ATTESTATION, the giving Teflimony, or Evidence of
the Trutb of any thing ; efpecially in Writing.  See TESTIMQ-
NY, EVIDENCE, &C.
Thus
, aU


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