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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

T - telescope,   pp. 167-189 PDF (21.2 MB)

Page 167

U.   I
C i.
I I. * _
A Confonant, and the nineteenth Letter in the
',  ib i 0Alphabet. See L~trri<
I        The be 2", in Sound, bears a near Refemblance to
- o  the D, for-which Reafon they are often put for
each ther; and &quint   even rallies thofe who fcrupled to
write the one indifferently for the other; as at for ad, fet
for fed, haut for haid, ge.
T 'The H"is one bf the five 061fonants which the Abbot dir
£Dangeau calls Palatal, and rich are  ?-T, G-K, and N:
The four firft whereof have thei fame Relation to each other,
as the Labials B-P and V-F have. D, for Inflance, having
the fame Relation to Z  that X has to P, or Vto F.  See
LA A TA if
The 2' the fame Author obferves, is a Letter of a firong
Sound; fo that a feeble one cannot be pronounc'd before
it i Thus to form the Supine of rqgo, the 1" of tarn
changes the A, and firengthens it to the Sound of a c; lo
that we fay reifur; as in the preterperfeat Tenfe rexi,
which we pronounce rekfi.
T'among the Ancients was ufed as a Numeral Letter,
fignifying i6o; according to the Verfe,
- ltwojue centenos fj Sexaginta tenebit.
When aDali was addeda-topthusYT, it fignify'di6o,ooo-
When the Tribunes approv'd of the Decrees of the Se-
nate, they teflify'd their Confent by fubfIribing a A.
T, in Mufic, is Sometimes ufed to mark the Tenor, See
T is alfo a Mark, or Brand, which by Statute 4 Ren. 7.
every Perfon convidced of any Felony, fave Murther, and
admitted to the Benefit of the Clergy, fhall be mark'd
withal, on the Brawn of the left Thumb. See STIGMA.
T., o TAu; in Heraldry, is a kind of Crols potent, or
truncated; found in all the Armories of the Commanders
of the Order of St. Anthony. See CROSS.
The IF, Eau, azure, is feen in Arms above 400 Years old
Its Origin, according to fome Authors, is taken from the
Ajocalpfee; where the fame is a Mark that the Angel im-
preffes on the Foreheads of the Eleic. Others take it to
reprefent a Crutch i a Symbol proper enough for this Order,
which was fworn to Hofpitality. But the Truth, F. Me-
0"fHer obferves, is; that 'tis the Top of a Greek Crofs.
The Biffiops lnd Abbots of the Greek Church wear it
fill; and if it be fbund on the Habit of St. Anthony, 'tis
only to fhew that he was an Abbot.
TABBY, in Commerce, a kind oftoatfe Taffaty, water'd.
It is minufaftured like the cotimon Taffaty, excepting
that 'tis fironger and thicker both in the Woof and Warp.
The Watering is given it by means of a Calender, the
Rolls whereof are of Iron or Copper, varioufly engraven,
which bearing unequally on the Stuff, render the Surface
thereof unequal, fo as to reflea the Rays of Light diffe-
rently. See CALENDER.
TABBYING, the paffing a Stuff under the Calender, to
make a Reprefentation of Waves thereon, as on a Tabby.
'Tis ufual to tabby Mohairs, Aibbonds, Ftc.
7abbying is perform'd without the Addition of any Water
or Dye ; and furnilhes the modern Philofophers with a
firong Proof, that Colours are only Appearances. See
TABELLA, or TABLETTE, in Pharmacy, a folid E-
le uary, or Compofition of feveral Drugs, made up dry,
and form'd into little Squares; more ufually call'd Lozenges.
Powders, Confeaions, Fruits, Salts, Uec. are diffolv'd,
in Sugar, and made into Tabuhe; as thoie of the juice of
Liquorice for Colds, Fec.
We have Cordial, Stomachic, Aperitive, Hepatic, &c.
Tablettes. Jellies and Broths are fometimes reduc'd into
%ablettes, to be carry'd in the Pocket. There are Tablectes of
.Aanus Cbhrihfi, or Sugar of Rofes pearled. 7abelhe Magna-
Vimitatis, are thofe taken by feeble old Men, when match'd
with young Wives, to affifi and bear them out in the
Affairof (Generation.
Roman Law, a kind of Officer often confounded with Nota-
ry, Motarias.
Yet did the two differ in this; that the Notaries obly
drew up, and kept the Minutes of Ads and Inilrumehts on
Paper, and in Notes, or Short-hand; whereas the 'i'abelli-
ons delivet'd them engrofs'd on Parchment, in full executory
Form. The fame put the Seals to Contraas, and render'd
them authentic;
The Domeflic Clerks of thefe !eabeliongs who, at flrL
wrote under them, in Procefs of Time came to be cal'J
Notaries.  See NOTARY.
Pafjuier obferves' that the Tabedliones at. Rome wer
utblick Slaves,, appointed for the keeping of Contrads mad4
between private Perfons. According to Loyfeau, a Contra*t
wrote by a Notary, was not perfed, or obligatory, till the
V'abellio had wrote it fair; after which the Parties fubfcrib'd
it, i. e. they wrote at Bottom that they approv'd the Coot
tents; for Signatures were not then in Ufe. See SIG-
_   U oniam    Tabellionum  VAfuJ   in regfzo Aglite  z
habetur, propter quod magis ad Sigihla Authentica credi ej?
nece/7, ut epipr Copia facilius habeatur, flatuimus ut Sigjh
/rnm habeant von folum Arcbiepifcopi, £5e epifcopi fed eorum
Offinakes. See SEAL.
TABERNACLE, among th6        esws the Place wherein
the Ark of the Covenant was lodg'd; both while they were
in Tents, during their Journey from Egypt; and when fix'd
in 7erufalem, and the Ark kept in the Temple.
Philo describes the Y7eiz  T'abernacle thus: It was a
Building compos'd of 48 (Cedar Boards, lined with maffive
Gold ; under each whereof was a Silver Stand, or Foot, and
at the Top a Capital of Gold: It was encompafs'd with ten
Pieces of rich Tapiftry, of different Colours, Purple, Scar-
.let, Hyacinth, &c. The Length of the rabernace was 30
Cubits; its Breadth lo, 7ofephbus fays 12. See ARx.
The Ark was placed in a fecret Oratory, in the Middle of
this 7abernacle ; and was gilt both within-fide and withoutt
the Top whereof, being a Kind of Lid, *as calld Sropitias
tory, becaufe it appeas'd the Wrath of God.
It was encompafs'd with feveral Veils, fretch'd over it,
with Hooks, and Buckles of Gold.
The Word is form'd from the Latin 9'abernaculum, a Tent,
TMSERNACLE has alfo been ufed of late for a fort of
temporary Churcmb or Chapel, contriv'd to fSrve the imme-
diate Purpofes of the Parifhioners, Uec. while their propet
Church is Repairing, Rebuilding or the like.
TABES, in Medicine, a generarNarne for Confiumptions of
TABES Dorfalisi is a kind, or rather a Degree of Con*.
fumption: proceeding Sometimes from an exceflive Applica..
tion to Venery.
The Patient has neither a Fever, nor Lofs ofAppetite;
but a Senfation, as if there were a Number of Pifmires run-
ning from the Head, down the Spinal Marrow; and when
he evacuates, either by Urine, or Stool, there flows a liquid
Matter like Semen.
After any violent Exercife his Head is heavy, and his
Ears tingle; and at length he dies of a Lipyria, i. e. a Fever,
where the external Parts are cold, and the internal burn at
the fame time. See LiPYRIA.
TABLATI URE, in Anatomy, a Divirion or pariting of the
Scull into two Tables. See CRANIUM.
TABLATu1RE, in Mufic, in the general, is, when, to em.
preIs the Sounds, or Notes of a Compofition, we ufe Letters
of the Alphabet, or Cyphers, or any. other Charaders, not
ufual in the modern Mufic. See SCORE.
But in its firiner Senfe, Tablatture is the Mainer of
Writing a Piece for a Lute, Theorba, Guitarre, Bafs-Viol,
or the like; which is done by. Writing on feveral parallel
Lines (each whereof represents a String of the Inflrument)
certaih Letters of the Alphabet; whereof, A marks that the
String is to be f{ruck open, i. e. without putting the Fin-
get of the left Hand on the Head; B flews, that one of
the Fingers is to be. put on the firmi Stop; C on the fecond;
D on the third, Uc. See WRITINd of Mufic.
The  lablatu,'e of the Lute is wrote in Letters of the Al-
phabet; that of the Harpfichord in the common Notes. See
TABLE, Tabutla, a Moveable, ufoally made of Wood,
or Stone, fiupported on Pillars, or the like; for the commo-
dious Reception of Things placed. thereon.
Mofes made a f'able in the Tabernacle for the laying of
the Shew-Bread upon ; defcrib'd by Phi/o, j7udeus as two
Cubits long, one broad, and one and half high. Among
Chriflians, the Cabh, or Lord's Table, fignifies the Sacra.
ment of the Euchaiisf. See EUTCARIsT.
RoundTABLE: Knights of the Round Table, a militari
Order, fuppos'd to have been inf'ituted by 4rthur firft King
of the Britons, in the Year 5s16  See KNIGHT.
They are faid to have been 24 in NSumber; al pick'd
from among the bravefl of the Nation.
The Round 7able, which gave them their Title, was anIt-
vention of that Prince, to avoid Difiputes about the upper and
lower And; and to tAke away all Emulatio'n is to Plces

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