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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

Religious - return,   pp. 991-1010 PDF (18.7 MB)


Page 991


(991)
geationi but is fuper-added from the mere Will and Pleafure
if the Creator.
The firk we ordinarily call Aoaity, or Ethicks; because im-
ediately converfant about the Manners and Duties of Men toi
ards one another and towards themnflves, considered as Crea-
Ars of that Being. See MORALITY, ETrrncKs, &c.
The latter we call, by way of Eminence, Religion, as being
the Rule ot our Duty immediately to God himfelf. See REVE-
: XENON.
The firft fuppofes a God, a Providence, a future State, Re-
wards and Punifhments; the latter likewife fuppofes an immedi-
ate Mifjion from God himfelf, attefWed by Miracles, &c. See
MIRACLE.
RELIGION is particularly ufed for the fpecial Syftem of Faith
and Worfhip, which obtains in this or that Country; in this or
that Se&; ; this or that Age, &c.
In this Senfe we fay the Romieb Religion, the Reform'd Religi-
eN, the Religion of the Greeks, the Mahometan Religion, Yewijb
Relion, &f. See JEWS, MAHOMETANS, &C. under their pro-
per Heads.
. The Siamefe hold the Diverfity of Religious, i. e. the different
Manners of honouring God, to be pleafing to him; inafmuch as
they have all the fame Obje&t, all tend to the fame End, though
by different Means. Claude.
The Sentiment of thefe Idolaters is doubtlefs more juft than
.Cat of our Zealots, who hold all but thofe of their own Reli-
pion odious to God.
The feveral Seats in Religion, fee under their proper Articles:
See alfo SECT.
RELIGION, again, is applied to a military Order, confiffing of
Knights who live under fome certain Rule, &c. See KNIGHT,
MILITARY, ORDER, dC.
In this Senfe we fay the Religion of Malta, '&c.    See
M4ALT'A.
The Term is fomerimes alfo ufed for a Convent.-Thus we
. ay) there are Religions of Men, i. e. Monks; Reigions of Wo-
men, i. e. Nuns.-There are new Religions eftablifhed everyDay,
.   r. new Monafteries built. See MONK, &c.
:he Religion is ufed absolutely for the reform'd in France; thus
we fay, d' Ablancourt, and Dacier, were of the Religion.
RELIGIOUS, a Perfon engaged by a folemn Vow to the
i .  onaftic Life; or a Perfon flut up in a Monaftery, to lead a
If of Devotion and Aufterity; under foome Rule or Inflitution.
See Vow and RELIGIOUS Order.
The Male Religious we popularly call Monks; the Feinles,
11w. See MONK, &c.
M. Nicole obferves, that foome Domeftick Chagrins, and a cer-
t tin Pride, which leads People to abfcond when they cannot make
. a Figure to their Mind, makes as many Religious as real Piety..
.   adds, that a Girl muff be made Religious for no other reafon,
but becaufe (he can't be married anfwerable to her Condi-
P   A Religious can't make any Will.-By the Council of 7rent, a
' Rekgious may reclaim his Vows within five Years.  See RE-
.CLAI.M.
Antiently the Religious were all Laymen, and it was even pro-
hibited them to take up Orders.-In 1557 the Parliament of Pa-
i* made a difficulty of receiving a Bifhop of Laon to the Oath
, f a Duke and Peer, by reafon of his being a Religious: Yet a
De. gious being promoted to a Bifhoprick, is thenceforth fecularized
E trdilfenfed from the Obfervation of his Rule. See REGULAR.
.9 In antient Deeds and Conveyances of Lands, we often find
the Seller rcftrain'd from giving or alienating it, Viris Religiojs
'wel Audeis, to Religious, or to Jews; to the end the Land might
X01 tall into Mortmain. See JUDAISM and MORTMAIN.
Ia a Memorial direted by King John to his Vifcounts, they
Om order'd to proclaim through their refpedtive Counties, that
.0o Body, as they love their Bodies and Cartel, injure the Religi-
eus or lerks, either in Word or Deed; on Penalty of being
bang'd up on the next Oak.-Nulli fcut deigunt Corpora & Catal;a
fAs ftlm faciant 'yel dicant viris Religiofis vel Clericis.-Si Auem
assingerep#ofms adproximum quercum eumfufpendifaciemou.
RELIGIoUs Order. See ORDER.
Molt military Orders pretend, likewife, to be Religious; as
thofe of Malta,) who make Vows, &c. See MALTA.
, RELIQUA, the Remainder or Debet, which a Perfon finds
hminfef a Debtor in, upon the balancing and liquidating an Ac-
Count
Hence, Reliquitary, the Debtor of a Reflua; as alfo a Perfon
who only pays piece-mealh-Te Term Reliqua is pure Latin.
RELQUARY, a Shrine or Casket, in which the Relicks of
a do Saint are kept. See SHRINE, RELICK, -c.
Of RELeUIa , t  ELICS, in Antiquity' the Afies and Bones
OF the I)e that remained after the burning of their Bodies;
W Which they very religioufly kept in Urns and afterwards laid
.       inp Toiimbs. See FUNERAL.
R  EN   NDER, in Law, an Eftare in Lands, Tenements, or
gwen to a Perfon at fecond Hand, to be enjoy'd after
the D'64j4 of another, to whom the fime is given immediately,
or at firt EHand.
*  A Man Itrs Lands to one for Term of Life, the  emaindr
"Oithm rrotheTerm of his Lifes which Remam*r may be
d5for, Cumin Time, or in Fee Sinple, or Fee Tl
RE M
'Bareon  makes the diffbrence between a Redrand Rivet
fion to confil in this; that by a Reverion, adfer the appoid
Term, the Eftate returns to the Donor, or his Heirs, as tHe pra
per Fountain;3 whereas by Remainder it goes to fome third Per
fan, or Stranger. &Se REVERSION.
Glanville obferves, that' Biihops and AbbotsJ, in regard thei
Baronies are the King's Alms, cannot give any Part thereof by
way of Remainder. See BISHOP.
REMAINDER, in Mathematicks, is the difference; or that which
is left after the taking of a leffer Number, or Quanltity, fom a
greater. See SUI3STRACTION.
REMARRYING, the repeating of a Marriage; or the going
through the Solemnities of a fecond Marriage. See MARRIAGE,
Clandeftine and uncanonical Marriages are deem'd null; and
the Parties are to be re-married in form; at leaft to avoid Dif-
putes.
It was anciently exprefly forbid to re-marry in the firft Year
of Viduity.-A4. Bayle obferves, that a Perfon who does; not re'
marry is anfwerable to the Publick for all the Time loft in his VI-
duity, or Widdower-hood. See WIDOW, VIDUITY, &t.
REMEDY, REMEDIUM, in Phylick, a Medicine, or Prepa-
ration applied either internally or externally, for the Cure of a
Difeafe  See MEDICINE.
Emplafters, Unguents, Cataplafms, &c. are Topical Redie,.
See TOPICAL.
Mercury and the Bark are Specific Remedies. See SPECIVIC.
Mineral Waters, and Affe's Milk, and Country-Air, are ufu-
ally the laft Remedies.
Salivation is Sometimes call'd by way of Eminence, the Reme-
d,. See SALIVATION.
When Remedies are ftuff'd with too many Ingredients, they
load the Stomach with a flimy Mucilage, which fwelling does
more hurt than good.
REMEMBRANCE, is when the Idea of fomethingformer-
ly known, recurs again into the Mind, without the Operation of
the like Object, on the external Senfory.  See MEMORY and
REMINISCENCE.
REMEMBRANCERS of the Exchequer, are three Officers,
or Clerks therein. See EXCHEQUER.
Thefe are the King's Remembrancer; the Lord Treafurer's Re-
membrancer; and the Rememlrancer of the Firfl-Fruits.
The King's Remembrancer enters into his Office all Recogni-
zances taken before the Barons, for any of the King's Debts,
for Appearance, or for obferving Orders; and makes out Pro-
cefs againift the Colleaors of Cultoms, Subfidies, and Fifteenths,
for their Accounts.-All Informations upon penal Statutes are en-
tered 'in this Office, and there all Matters upon Englijb Bills ins
the Exd~equer-Chamber remain.-H~e makes the Bills of Com-.
pofition upon penal Laws takes the Stalment of Debts; has de-
livered into his Office all manner of Indentures, Fines, and other
Evidences whatsoever that concern the affuring of any Lands
to the Crown: He every Year, in craftino animarurm, reads, in
open Court, the Statute for Eleation of Sheriffs, and gives thetm
their Oath, and reads the Oath of all the Officers of the fame,
when they are admitted.
The Lord Treafurer's Remembrancer, is charged to put the
Treafurer and the reft of the Judges of that Court, in remem-
brance of fuch things as are to be called on, and dealt in for the
King's Behoof.-He makes Procefs againft all Sheriffs, Efchea-
tors, Receivers, and Bailiffs, for their Account: Procefs of Fieri
facias, &c. Extent for any Debts due to the King, either in the
Pipe, or with the Auditors, makes Procefs for all fuch Revenues
as are due to the King, by reafon of its Tenures.-He alfo makes
Record, whereby it appears whether Sheriffs, or other Accomp-
tants, pay their Profers due at Eajier and Michaelmas. -He makes
another Record, whether Sheriffs or other Accomptants keep
their Days of Prefixion: All Eftreats of Fines, Iffues, and Amer-
ciaments, fet in any of the Courts of WefImin/er, or at the Affli-
zes or Seflions, are certified into this Office, and are by him de-
livered to the Clerk of the EfIcreats to write Procefs upon them)
&c.
The Remembrancer of the Firfl-Fruits, takes all Compofitions
and Bonds for Firft-Fruits and Tenths; and makes Procefs againft
fuch as do not pay the fame. See FIRsT-FRUITS.
REMINISCENCE, is that Power of the Humane Mind,
whereby it recollecs itfelf, or calls again to its Remembrance
fuch Ideas or'Notions as it had really forgot: In which it differs
from Memory, which is a rreafuring up of things in the Mind.
and keeping them there without forgetting them. See MEMORY.
Hence Memory may be conlidered as a continual Remem-
brance; and Remsembransce, as an interrupted Memory.  See
MEMORY.
How near la-kin foever the two Faculties may feem, yet they
are generally found Separated; fo that they who excell in the one,
are defeaive in the other. See RECOLLECTION, RETENTION, &-C,
The antient Platoniffs were of Opiion, that all Learning and
Knowledge confifted in the Reminjiience or Recolleftion of No-
tices which had been in the Soul before its Union with the Bo.
dy. See PLATONISM.
REMINISCERERE, the fecond Sunday in Lent; antiend,
thus called from  the firfm Word of the Ivtreit of the M   hid
for that Day,   Goemiffre  te/rationffm tuaremm,
xi T                     REMIS.
R EM


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