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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Miserere - moon,   pp. 560-579 PDF (18.6 MB)

Page 560

( 56o )
Yet even in a Writ of PRight, if a Collateral Point be
try'd, it is there call'd an tiue, not a Mfle. See RIGHT.
MIsE is alfo ufed as a Participle, for caf or put upon-
Sometimes corruptly for Meafe, a Meffuage or Tenement.
In fome Manors, a meafe Place is taken for fach, a Meffuage
or Tenement, as yields the Lord a Herriot at the Death
of the Tenant.
MISERERE, bavze mercy, the Name, and firil Word of
one of the Penitential Pfalmts; being that commonly given
by the Ordinary to fuch condemn'd Malefa&ors, as are al-
low'd the Benefit of the Clergy. Whence it is alfo call'd
the Pfalm of Mercy. See CLERGY.
MiSERERE mei, is a kind of Colic, or Diforder of the
Inteffines, wherein the Excrements, inflead of paffing off
the common way, are thrown up by the Mouth. See
The Miferere mei is the fame with what we otherwife
call Folvulus and iliac Paion. See ILIAC Pafion.
It takes its Name from the intolerable Pain and Anguifh
it occafions the Patient; which is fuch, as claims Pity from
the Beholders: Mferere mei being a Latin Phrafe, which
literally fignifies, li-ave pity on me.
MISERICORDIA, Mercy, in Law, is an arbitrary A-
merciament or Punifhment impofed on any Perfon for an
Where the Plaintiff or Defendat in any Aaion is amer-
ced, the Entry is always Ideo in Alifericordia. It is thus
call'd, according to Fitzberbert, by reafon it ought to be
but fmall ; and lefs than the Offence, according to the Te-
nor of Magna Cbarta.
Hence, if a Man be unreafonably amerced in a Court
not of Record, as a Court-Baron, Wc. there is a Writ call'd
Moderata Mfericordia, direcled to the Lord, or his Bailiff,
commanding them to take moderate Amerciaments. See
Mukla leniorfic dicfa, quod lenifima imponitur Mifericordia;
Graviores enim muallas Fines vacant; Arrociff'mas, Redemp-
tiones. See FINE and REDEMPTION.
.Aifericordia Communnis, is when a Fine is fet on the whole
County or Hundred.
MISFEASANCE, in Law, Mifdoings or TrefpaiTes.
Whence alfo Misfeafor, a Trefpaffer. See TREsPAss.
MISNA, or MISCHNA, a part of the gewlz~Talmud.
The Mifia contains the Text 5 and the Gemara, which
is the fecond part of the Talmud, contains the Commenta-
ries: fo that the Gemara is, as it were, a Gloffary on the
A ifna.  I
The Nfna confiffs of various Traditions of the sews, and
of Explanations of feveral Pailages in Scripture. The 1ews
maintain, that it was compleated, and reduc'd into a Body,
by Rabbi luda, in the fecond Century, to prevent the
Memory of their Traditions from perilhing. But the Ge-
nerality of the Learned fcarce allow-it of fo much Anti-
quity, and bring it feveral Centuries lower.
It is written in a much purer Stile, and is not near fo
full of Dreams and Vifions as the Gemara. See GEM ARA.
MISNOMER, a Term in Law, compounded of the
French Mes, which in Compofition fignifies amifs 3 and nommer,
to name: It denotes the ufing of one Name for another;
a mifterming or mifnaming. See NAME.
MISPRISION, a Term in Law, fignifying Negleff, or
MISPRISION of Treafov, or Felony, is a Negle&t or light
Account Thew'd of Treafon or Felony by not revealing it,
when we know it to be committed; or by letting any
Perfon, Cc. on Sufpicion of Treafon, to go, before he is
indiaed. See TREASON.
It is the Concealment, or not difclofing of known Trea-
fon; for which the Offenders are to fuffer Imprifonment
during the King's Pleafure, and to lofe their Goods, and
Profit of their Lands, during their Lives.
MiJfrifion of Felony is only fineable by the Juftices,
before whom the Party is attainted; but Juflices of the
Common Pleas have a power to affefs any Amerciaments
upon Perfons offending by XMlprifons, Contempts or Neg-
lefs, for not doing, or mifdoing any thing in or concern-
ing Fines.
Ml>sPRIs [ON of Clerks, is a Neglet of Clerks in wri-
ting or keeping Records. By the MXfprizion of Clerks,
no Procefs fhall be annull'd or difcontinu'd. And Juftices
of Aflize fhall amend the Defaults of Clerks mif-pelling
of a Syllable or Letter in Writing.
MISSAL, MISSALE, a Mafs-Book, containing the feve-
ral MafTes to be ufed for the feveral Days, Feafis, Lqc. See
The Miffal was firfi compil'd by Pope Zachary, and af-
t rwards reduc'd into bettor Order by Pope Gregory the
Great, who call'd it the Book of Sacraments.
Each Diocefe, and each Order of Religious, have their
particular Miffal, accommodated to the Feaft of the Pro-
vince, or of the Order.
Hiftory, a Plant of the Parafite Kind, growing, not on the
Ground, but on other Trees, as the Oak, Apple-Tree,
Pear-Tree, Plumb-Tree, Acacia Americana, Beech, Chef-
nut, Sac. See PARASITE.
.M8felroe, by Phyficians,  c. call'd tlfcum, grows to
the height of about two Feet. It confilfs of feveral Stems,
which are ufually cover'd with a greenilh, fometimes a
yellowifh Bark, about the Thicknefs of the Finger, hard,
woody, and divided by Knots; from which fpring the
Leaves, which grow by two and two oppofite to each o.
ther, oblong, thick, of a greenilh, or yellowifh Colour,
vein'd their whole Length, and rounded at the End. Its
Flowers grow by three and three, Trefoil-wife, at the Ex-
tremes of the Branches: each Flower is a yellow Calyx,
one third of an Inch in Diameter, divided into four Parts.
The Fruit likewife grows by three and three, at the Ex-
tremes of the Branches. They are a kind of oval Berries,
not unlike little Pearls, fill'd with a flattifli Seed in form
of a Heart; cover'd with a fine filver'd Membrane, and
enclos'd with a vifcid, glutinous Humour, of a whitilh Co-
lour, wherein the Seed naturally buds or germinates, and
puts forth two Eyes. From this Juice it is, that the La-
tins denominate the Plant ViJ/cum. The Fruit grows on
different Branches from the Flowers.
That uncommon Soil, whereon the Mi:/eltoe grows, has
occafion'd abundance of fabulous Notions both as to its Pro-
duclion and Virtues.
Pliny and mofl Naturalifls relate, that Thrufhes being
exceedingly fond of the Berries of the M leltoe; they
fwallow 'em, and cafe 'em out again on the Branches of Trees
where they uf. to perch ; and by this means give Occafion
to a new Produalion of Myffeltoe. By cracking the Berries
with their Bills, or Claws, they are fuppofed to let out the
Vifcous Juice, which facilitates their Sticking: And hence
that Proverb, Turdus fibi cacat Malumn; the ViJfcum being
fometimes ufed as Bird-Lime.
Mr. Bradley endeavours to refute the popular Opinion of
the Antients, that the Seeds of the Mgf/eltoe could nor ve-
getate. Their endeavouring to propagate it in the Earth
without fuccefs, he takes to have led them into the Error:
And afferts, that it may be propagated by Seed on any
Tree whatever. The Method too is very eafy. About
Cbriftmas, when the Berries are full ripe, you need only
apply them on the fmoroth Bark of any Tree; the vifcid
Juices they are encompafs'd withal, will make them flick;
and, provided the Birds do not devour the Seed, you may,
without any further Trouble, expeat a young Plant the
following Year.
Others rather chufe to account for the Propagation of
M.Jeltoe from the Syflem hereafter advanced for that of
Mujhrooms. See MUSHROOM.
For the Virtues of Mdfeltoe, it feems of the moft Effi-
cacy in the Epilepfy; againit which fume will have it a
Specific. Dr. Colbatch has wrote exprefly to prove it fuch.
It is alfo prefcribed in Apoplexies, Lethargies, and Ver-
tigos; and wore about the Necks of Children to prevent
Convulfions, and eafe the cutting of their Teeth.
The bell is the M!ßeltoe of bhe Oa;; tho' it is not this which
is commonly ufed, but that of the Apple or Pear-Tree.
Mr. Bradley obferves, that there is no Variety in this Plant,
but that the Leaves, Flowers, Fruit, &c. are all alike on
whatever kind of Tree it grows: But others pretend to
difinguifh that of the Oak by feveral particulars.
The Virtues afcribed to the Mfdeltoe, may perhaps be the
Remains of the Religious Honours paid it by the antient
Gauls; among whom the Druids, alfembled conitantly on
the firfi Day of the Year, went in quefl thereof with Hymns,
and other Ceremonies and Rejoycings, diffributing it again
among the People, as a Thing facred, after having firfi
confecrated it, crying 4u guy l'An neuf, to proclaim the
new Year. See DRUIDS.
The Cry is fill kept up at Picardy, where they add
Plan tez, to wifh a plentiful new Year.
M. Perrault obferves, that the Mtffeltoe is full of a poi-
fonous Juice, which weakens the Tree whereon it grows;
and that the Fruit has always a difagreeable Tatte while it
flicks on it.
MISSEN-MaJf of a Sbip, is a Majf, or round long piece
of Timber, flanding in the filernmoil part. See MAST.
Some great Ships require two Mliens.
Next the Main-Mall, is the Main-Mfen; and that next
the Poop, is call'd the Bonaventure-Mjfen. When at Sea
they ufe the Word MAif/n alone, they always mean the Sail,
and not the Mafi.
To change the Miren, is to bring the MiDen-rard over to
the other fide the Mail. To peck the Mffeln, is to put the
mdflen right up and down the Mail. To fpell the Miffen,
MISSION, a Term in Theology ufed to fignify a Power
or Commiffion to preach the Gofpel. See GosPEL,

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