Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
Hyacinthia - hyth, pp. 270-282 ff.
HYD (~~~~~~~270)I HYD The Antientieusd it for 'Amulets and Talifinans; and The Word iform'd of the Goreek, JA# Watter, which, ooi bou thi eck, or fer in Rings,' ec. fuppofinig in 'the, geniti e' Cafe,' gives eaUpi, whnceJ ,Hdts it to have the Virtue of ftcuring them from the Plague, See HYDATS HYDATOIDES, a Name fame' Authors' give to the The Hacinth us'd 'i Medicine, n whereof the Con AquieousHumouri of theEinod between~ te CorneaL feino Hait i ae is a different Stone, of Which andc' Uvea. See AQVzodJs Hlumour., there are three feveral Sorts: The firfi about the Bignefs The Word is compos'd of J of, UJkA7 Water, and TsJ1@-, and -Figure of ;a Grain, of Salt, and pretty fofi: The 2d Form, Refemblanc'e. ruddy, and ithap'd like the Poilntof a Diamond, found'in HYDATOSCOPIA, call'd aifo HYDROMANCY, a kind divers Parts of Italy, Siley,ft, Bohemia, &c. The third is of Divination, or Method of foretelling future Events, by white, Inteirm~i'd with yellow, and forne other Colours; means of Water. See HYDROMANCY. being found in the fame Places as the red. There is a natural or allowable Kind of H~datofcopia: It in Strianeii, only the firfi Kind lhould be us'd in the confifis in foretelling Storms, Temnpefls, Hurricanes, , fc. Confe~tion of Hyacinth ; but the Druggills and Apotheca- fromh natural Signs or Indications in the Sea, Air, Clouds, ries frequently fubititute the other. c confe~tion of HYACINTH, is a thin cordial Eleauary,, The Word is compounded of ~Jk.v, the Genitive of'94'.p, compos'd of divers Kinds of precious Stones, particularly of Water, and cxow , ' view, I confider. that whofe Denomination it bears, 'with certain Earths, HYDE of Land. See HIDE. Seeds, Roots, Coral, Hartlhorn, and divers other Ingredi- HYDE-gyd,I from the Saxon, Hydgyld, a, Price or Ran- ents, well mix'd, and ground together. See CON~iEcTION fain paid to fave one's, Skin from beating: Alfo the fame of hyacinth, with Hidage. See HEDG'ELD. HYACINTHIA, in Antiquity, Feafis held at Sptarta, in HYDRA, a Southern Conflellation, confifling of twenty- Honour of, Ap)olo,, and in Commemoration of his Favourite fix Stars, and imagin'd to reprefent a Water-Serpent. See Hyacinth. ~~~~~~~CONSTIELLATION and STAR. _Tlhils H~ya-cinth was the Son of A4myclas, King of Sparta, and was belov'd both by Apll adephyras. The Youth tsinheCifeaiozHDA Ibewing meofi Inclination to the former, his Rival grew jea- Sasi h oyeltoiHDA lous; and, to be reveng'd, one Day, as Aptollo was' playing at the fDifcus, i. e. Quoits with Hy~jacinth, Zephyrus turn'd )fame; and Situati'on of 1i Longitude Latitude. the Direffion of a Quoit which Apollo had pitc'd, full upon the Stars. ., ,, the H-ead of the unhappy Hyacinth, who Pfiell down dead. Aplotransform'd him into a Flower of the fame Name: $L 3211 22 29 15' 4 And as a farther Token of RefpeaE, inflituted this Feaft. 917 fz 2f46 06 6 The Jlyacinthia lafled three Days;5 the firft and third N. of thofe preced. in the Head fr o9 ; 1i 25' 37 4 whereof were employ'd in bewailing the Death of Hyacinth, S* of thofe preced. agt. theNoft. 6 5; 14 14 3:8 05 r and the fecond in Feafling and Rejoycing. II 58 02 29 44 4 6 The People who affif'red at the Ceremony were crown'd InteAetr fteMuh 75fI 1 7~ ,with Ivy 5 by reafon, Says Vo flus, de Idolol. I. ii. c. xq4. that InteAetr fteMuh 7449 1 14817 10 [Bacehss and.pfollo were the fme Perfon. North of two in the Forehead 801p I079 4 HYBISTRICA, in Antiquity, a Solemn Feafi, held among South in the Forehead 83 04 1 1 35' 00, 5 te Greeks, with Sacrifices and other Ceremonies ; whereat II 31 o6 20 26 0o y te Men attended in the Appare I of Women, and the Wo- 10 men in that of Men, to. lo Honour to Venus in Quality nthhidPrft Hed 13 If 41 213 045 6 either o a Godor a Goddefi, or both. I0x5: II c0 034 Or, according to th e Account given by others, the N~-Ped fai oto h ek 14 3158 24 18 44 6 bijrica was aL Feaft celebrated at Argos, whereini the Wa- 1 04of 1 2345309 6 men, being dreli'd like Men, infutted their Husbands, and treated them with all Marks of Superiority, in Memory of z~i 202 the Argian Dames having Ianciently defended their Country 3843 261 24 II 31 with figular ourageagainf Clomenes and IDemaratus. Subfeq. in the Root of the Neck is, 57 04 I; 3 0 47 'Plutarch fpeak's of this Feaft in his Treatife of the great 92 6 2081 A~ions of Women. - The Name, he obferves, fignifies o142' 204 3 32;3,33 6 Infamy; which is well accommodated to the Occaflon, 20 wherein the Women firutted it about in Cloaks, while the 12 I 2 4Z 2 I I 3 ;6 Men were oblig'd to dangle in Petticoats. Sml n vrteHat211Z9 6 23 5049 6 HYADES, in Aflronomny, are feven Stars, famous among Sml nIoeIh Hat2 09 if 19 if o8 6 the.Poets for the bringing of .Rain. -- Whence their Name, 23 045S6 2i2.57 49 6 from the Greek, dYeiv, Pluere, to rain.,255 213 Their Place is in the Bull's Head ;The Principal of thema Mid.ofibednofteek 2, 54z 64x in the left ~Eye, by the Arabs call'dAldeba ran. Their South21541 5000 Longitudes, Latitudes, Eg' c. fee among thofCe of -the other 2 %2 91'0 Stiars in the Conflellation TAuR US.1419 950 7 The Poets feign themh the -Daughters of Ytlas and .E&hra. Lail of ;in beinding of the Neck 13199 111 Their Brother Hyas being tor o N ieces by a Lionefs, they 3 6;8 102 wept his Death with fitch Viehemence, that the Gods, in Thtflown hSHat2 2121 o6 27 6 Comp affion to them, tranflated them into Heaven, and That following this R1 23 33. i6 05 14 4 plac'd thenm in the IBull's Forehead, where they continue t 28 57 10 19:43 :6 7 to weep ; this Conflellationt being fuppos'd to prefage That, again, foill this to the N. 1W 4 01 45' 2; II 5.311 Rain. 5 Tho' others of the Poets reprefent the Hyades as[Bacchus's 5370 847 6' Nurfes, and the fame with-the fljodonides, who fearing! the f07 52 22 29 43 7 Refentm ent of 97uno, and flying fromn the Cruelty of -King Anioth. behind this,and moreN. 5010 2010 4 1Lycurg's, were tranflated by _7piter into Heaven. I33 S 20; 67 HYDAWTIS, in Medicine, a Difeafe of the Eyes, confiff- 50301 17 2407 igof a fatty, Subflance or Excrefcence, growing- under the 40cef Skn of the'upper Eye-lid;5 by which the whole tye-lid, in Pee.othefloigtee 450 24 4004 Children, is fotinetiines render'd Qedemnatous. SeeE , asiarghLn] 11 '214oB4 HYDATIS is alfo us'd, among the modern Phyfi cians, for a 11' S'8 27 2340 I 1 7 little Bladder, of Water, occalionally found in dlivers Parts Middle of 3 in -the right Line~ 13 45 y6,1 29 50 $ . of the Body. See HkD)ArIDES. 4C HYDATIDES, in Medicine, are little tranfprn BasSmall oine following this .3 41 30 46 ,or Bladders full of 'Water, frequently found in divers Parts Lato he ntergtLn 603 39 21 49 z8 :4 of' the Body. 1766 1 37;4f03 7 Hydatde are moft common in dropfical Perfons, and are Co tig.toottom of the Cup 18 443 it24 V9 41 6 fuppos~d to ai~e from a Dflention and Rupture of the' SOut eet aeo h u 25' 01 4b 30 i6 31 i Lymph~du~s; being foundchiefly in the Parts aboundinf LunsEe)c - Teyare t N 261i41 x 30 4112. in th~e VeI~le as te Lier, Lngs, c. -They re Nrth beneath Nafe of the Clap 2 ~2 73 fometimes ound in klrical Cafe, See JAUNICE, ~'C. In A, againiff the laft Preced. T 337 39 31 35 34 4 We have Inflancesof Hyaie oded both by Stool, and South Bend of South- 647- 40 633 26,1 "by Urine, and b~y' Vomitting. Thyaeof all Sizes) from the Tail 2 L4f 9 44Z0~ , 6 Za Pif'ead to a Pu46tsEg.5
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