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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Delivery - diagram,   pp. 181-199 PDF (18.7 MB)

Page 181

e 6tins of venomous Beafds fror
s retain d in the Womb ; from the:
'd M*ember, 05c.
crder in the Diaphragm commonly
edve the Word from   fDe and I
among the Ancients fignified, Furrows dra
tji7es . Whence, defirare, a redo aberrai
There Arc variousSpecies and Degrees ol
-fomethePatient is fierce, and outrageous; In
ild and eafy, offering no Violence to any boa
;j0dlg idle, ridiculous Difcourfe- Somie
irg  others cry, and are fullen, G'c.  S
and MANxA.
DELIVERY, Parturition, or Birth, in A!
bringing.forth of a perfe& Fotus, or Child o
her' Womb, whether it be living, or dead.
IaTHif, WC.
To aNatsral Delivery, according to the P'
required three Conditions: Firfi, That both thi
the Child firive alike, the one to deliver, a
to be deliver'd: The fecond, That it cc
World head-fore-mofi, which is its natural P
the third, That it be quick, and eafy, withoi
When 'the Child prefents its Feet foremo
-crofs, or double, 'tis no natural Delivery
atins call fuch Children A4gritppe, q. d. ,A
A Legitimate Delivery, is that which ha
juff Term, i. e. in the ioth Lunar Month. j
gitimate, that which comes either fooner, c
the 8th Month.
Women are deliver'd at 7, 8, 9, IO, and i i
not later. Tho' there are fome Phyficianw
that a Delivery may be legitimate in the x,
It has been obferv'd, that Deliveries are
in the 7th Month, than in the 8th, i.e. tha
eafier faved, and more frequently lives, whe
the 7th, than when in the 8th Month.
Monfr. Peyfonnel, a Phyfician of Lyons,
Treatife exprefsly on the Term of Delivery
undertakes to reconcile all the apparent Con
Hipocrates, with Refpe& thereto. He hc
1hortefi Term of a legitimate Birth, accord
crates, is i82 Days, or fix compleat Mon
longefi 280 Days, or nine Months and io Da
Children, who come earlier, or later, than
do not live, or are not legitimate.
fBartholine has compofed a Book, de in
Jiis, on the extraordinary Paffages of the i
he gives divers Inflances of very extraordina
There have fome come out by the Mouth5
the Anus. See Salmuth. ObJf 94. Cent. 3.
1686, at Leckerkerck, 8 or iO Leagues fro.
the Wife of one Chrijtian Claes, was deliv,
dren, The firfi was a Boy, who liv'd z Mont
afterwards, came a fecond Son, which was di
after a third Son was born, who liv'd about
24 Hours more lhe had a 4th, dead. Lafil
bringing forth the 5th; which died in the ]
DELPHINUS, theDolphin, inAftronon
tion of the Northern Hemifphere. See CON
The Number of Stars in this Conflellat
to Ptolomny, are lo; according to fycho
cording to Mr. Flamfleed I8.
The Longitudes, Latitudes, Magnitude
of are as fidlows.
Stars in the Conflellation DELPH
N1ame: and Sigatien: of of
the Star:.         ;
Firft of three in the Tail.
Uetw. the Tail & the prec. Rho.
That immediat.preced. the Tail.
North of the follow. in the Tail.
Prcced. Sooth. in the Rhomlbus.
South. of the follow, in the Tail.
BUet. theTa ii and the hind Rho.
North. ofpreced. inl the Rhomb.
South. in the hind Rhombus.
North. of the following.
l141~mes following the Dalphin
(towards Eislr
'J Longit.
0   I   I
: 8 49 50
9 44 27
10 30 o6
II 27 04
11 00' 18
12 0o 14
10 54 o6
1I 54 05
13 03 24
13 02 25
13 48 07
15 03 41
1 54 12
13 00 33
14 28 25
16 07 40
16 31 05
-_    I e  ,
A    ~            DEL
n the Seed,   DELTOIDES, in Anatotny, a triangular Mufcte,
Rotting of a thus call'd from the Greek Delta A, and ZbJus, Forma,
See MuscLE.
produces a   It arifes exactly oppofite to the Strapezius, from one
third Part of the Clavicula, from the Acromiziy, and
"ira, which Spine of the Scapula, and is inferted tendinous into the
wn in right Middle of the Os Humeri, which Bone it lifts up direa-
-e.         ly; and it aflifis with the fu'pra Spinatas, and Coraco-
F Deliri urns. brachialis, in all the Actions of the Humerus, except
i others, more the Depreffion; it being convenient, that the Arm fhould
dy, but only be raifed, and fuflained, in order to its moving on any
laugh and Side.
ee MELAN-     DELUGE, Cataclyfmrus, DiZluvium, in Natural Hiflo-
ry, a Flood, or Inundation of Water, covering the Earth
jedicine, the either in whole, or in Part.  See INUNDATION.
at of its Mo-  We meet with divers of thefe Deluges in ancient Hi-
See FETus, flory, both facred and profane. That which happcn'd in
Greece, in the Time of Deucalion, call'd the ßDiluviura
hyficians, are Deucalidoneum, is famous.  This Deluge only over-
Mcther and flowed T'heffaly; Its Date is fix'd to the Year before
.nd the other Chrifi 1529 i being the third Year before the lJfaelites
)me into the coming out of Egypt, according to the Computation of
oflure: And Petavius, Rat. femp. P.-1 L. I. C. 7. P. 11. C. 9.
at Accidents.  The fDeluge of Ogyges happen'd near 300 Years before
f, or comes that of Deucalion, i20o Years before the firfm Olvmpyx di
; And the and 1796 before Jefus Chrifl, according to the fame Au-.
ogre Parti.  thor, Rat. Iemp. P.1. L.I. C.4. P. 11. L. II. C. 5. This only
ppens at the ravaged Attica.  Thefe two are frequently mention'd in
VPnd an Ple- ancient Greek Authors, under the Denomination o fCata-
er later, as in clyfmus prior, and pofterior.
Of the likeKind were thofe Inundations in the Nether-
Months, and lands, which in 1277 overwhelmed, and cover'd with Sea
a, who hold, all that Part, now call'd the Gulph Dollart in the united
4th Month.   Netherlands; and in 1421, all that Part between Bra-
e more happy bant and Holland.
t the Child is  But the moft memorable Deluge is that which we par-
n it comes in ticularly, and by way of Eminence, call the Delrge, or
the Univerfal Deluge, or Noah's Flood; being a general
has a Latin Inundation fent by God, to punifh the Corruption of the
; wherein he thenWorld, by deftroying every living Thing, (Noah, and
tradi&ions of his Family, and what was fhut up with him in the Ark,
)ids, that the only excepted) from off the Face of the Earth.
ing to Hippo-  This Flood makes one of the moft considerable Events
ths, and the in all Hiflory; and one of the greateft Epocha's in Chro-
Lys. And that nology.  Its Hiflory is given us by Alofts, Gen. C. VI.
thofe Terms, and VII. Its Time is flx'd by the befg Chronologers to
the Year from the Creation I656, anfwering to the Year
folitis partus before Chrift 2293.  From this Flood, the State of the
Fa'tus * where World is divided into Diluvian, and Antediluvian.
Iry Deliveries.  The Deluge has been, and remains a mighty Subjea1
and others by of Inquiry, and Difpute among the Naturalifts, Cri-
In the Year ticks, T5c.  The Points chiefly controverted, may be
m the Hague, reduced to three : Firfl, Its Extent, viz. whether
er'd of 5 Chil- General, or Partial.  Secondly, Its natural Cai6fe.
hs; 17 Hours And thirdly, Its Efeds.
-ad; z4Hours   I. The immenfe Quantity of Water requifite to furnifh
two Hours. In an Univerfal Deluge, has occafion'd feveral Authors to
y, The died in fufped it only Partial.  An Univerfal Deluge, they
3irth.       think, had been unneceEfary, confidering the End for which
.E.           it was brought, viz, to extirpate the wicked Inhabitants.
iy, aConflella- The World was then but new, and the People not very
ISTELLATION. many; the Holy Scriptures only making 8 Generations
ion, according from Adam to Noah.  'Twas but a fmall Part of the
o10; and ac- Earth that could be yet inhabited: ThtUCountry about
the Euphrates, which is fuppofed to have been the Scene
s, Wc. where- of the firfi Antediluvian Inhabitants, was fufficient to bear
them all.  Now, Providence, fay they, which ever acs
wifely, and frugally, would never have difproportion d
LINUS.       the Means to the End fo far as to overflow the whole
_ .     .      ,  i,.,                 an t  -_  r.  __I___1.-1 r__r.i  11.g
Latitude. i  tiloDe, only to drown a little Uorner ot it.  I ney acd,
North.  m    that, in the Scripture Language, the 'whole Earth, ex-
a . ,        preffes no more than all the Jnhabitawts.  And on this
28 54 38  6  Principle advance, that an Overflowing of the Euphra-
29 o6 21  3   tes, and Trigris, with a vehement Rain, fic. might an-
30 42 o6  6   fwer the Phenomena of the Deluge.
32 10 27   5    But the D)eluige was univerfal.  God declared to
28 5 03   3  Noah, Gen. VI. 17. that he was refolved to defiroy every
Thing that had Breath under Heaven, or had Life on
31 56 52  3   the Earth, by a Flood of Waters. Such was the Menace:
27 3 1 40  6  See the Execution.  The Waters, Mofes affures us, co-
303 38 1  6   ver'd the whole Earth, buried all the Mountains, and
31 39 48  7   were no lefs than Ii Cubits above the higheft of them:
. 3987 Every Thing perifl'd therein, Birds, Beafis, Men, and
3' 58 12 3 4 all-that had Life, excepting Noah, and thofe with him
33 44 32  3   in the Ark, Gen. VIi ig. Can an Univerfal Deluge be
23 00 05  5   more clearly expPrA'd ?  If the Deluge had only been
24 37 30  6   Partial, there UnsIbeen no Neceflity to fpend ioo Years
29 07 05  6   in the Building 0 an Ark, and 1hutting up all- the Sorts
28 40 9   6   of Animals theireby  in order to re-flock the World al they
29 46 3s  6   had been eafily, and readily brought from thofe Parts of
6 &a 6IS     the Ward not overflown, into thofe that had been. At
-- v - -. -Z  --Orla*
__         ___ -               F *                    leaft
rod - -
= x6 be so

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