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Graeve, Oscar (ed.) / Delineator
Vol. 119, No. 1 (July, 1931)

[Continued articles and works],   pp. 46-71 PDF (15.7 MB)


Page 59

JULY, 1931
Washington's name, despite many attacks,
has not been dimmed. One of our greatest
American historians, a man whose critical
judgment was based on historical research,
Richard Hildreth, flourishing eighty years
ago, was himself weary of seeing our national
heroes plastered with indiscriminate adula-
tion. He therefore set out in his "History of
the United States" to tell the unvarnished
truth. He had in his temperament the right
combination for a historian; the love of truth
with the ability to tell it. He said that Wash-
ington, at times enraged beyond endurance
by misrepresentation and abuse, would rise
from his chair and pour out a torrent of pro-
fanity that seemed to give him temporary
relief. He admits plainly that the mind of
Washington was neither profound nor subtle;
he was not a scholar like Jefferson, an author-
ity on public finance like Hamilton, or a
philosopher and man of science like Franklin.
The flame of some other men's reputation
burns in history with a larger flare, but none
burns so steady and serene.
Despite his intellectual limitations, Wash-
ington was the right man to be in control of
the Colonial armies, and the right man to
be the first President of what was then an
experimental republic. Why? Because he
possessed his mind in patience; because he
had unlimited courage; because his natural
sagacity was strength-
ened by experience;
above all, because he tas
unselfish.
It was more difficult
for Washington to be
patient and unselfish
than it was for Lincoln;
for Washington was by
nature, training, and
environment, an aristo-
crat. Inwardly he must
have felt superior to
many of his associates;
but he had a genius for
cooperation, one of the
most important quali-
ties of statesmanship.
During the Revolution-
ary War, he had not
only to face and outwit
and conquer the British;
he had as brother gen-
erals, Gates, a man of
inordinate conceit and
puffy importance,
Charles Lee, who was a
near-traitor, and Bene-
dict Arnold, who was a       We can't see
complete traitor.            between   the
He had, as many a          magazine, alth
good general has had, a
difficult Congress on his    we
hands; he was tested by      can tell you
Valley Forge, tested by      train dogs,
American    hostility,       one, guide y
tested later by a pobular      all their dogg
uprising in support of       today for the
Citizen Genet. He met        Institute book
every test; if he had been      DOGS
more subtle or more of a
philosopher, he might            Coupon
have failed, in which
case we should have
failed with him.
The fact is, he was not
sufficiently clever to look out for his own
interests. He was a plain man who did his
duty.
America has been fortunate in having
many excellent Presidents. I believe our
Chief Executives will compare favorably with
the average of any other nation. But among
these stars, two and two alone are of the
first magnitude-Washington and Lincoln.
It is a disservice to any other President to
name him third.
WHAT is it, that with so many limitations,
makes Washington and Lincoln supreme?
It is because their devotion to their country
had no taint of egotism. Of course they
were ambitious; but they overcame the most
dangerous of all intoxications, the intoxica-
tion of power.
Power ruined Napoleon, who was a greater
general than Washington, and a greater
statesman than Lincoln. If you compare
the portrait of Napoleon, when as a young
man he conducted the Italian campaign,
m
hot
ryl
ho
hel
ou
y a
n
let
on
with his portrait as Emperor, we see what
supreme power did to him. His youthful
face is that of an idealist; his face in full
maturity is almost degenerate.
The differences between Washington and
Lincoln were striking. Washington had little
humor, Lincoln was a humorist. Washington
was a Virginia aristocrat, Lincoln a man of
the soil. But they were alike in being trust-
worthy; the United States of America was
safer in their keeping than in any other hands.
ONE American whose greatness was fully
recognized even in his own day and who
has never suffered from depreciation, is
Benjamin Franklin. Matthew Arnold said
he was the greatest of Americans; I suspect he
had more natural genius than any other per-
son in our history. He was a truly civilized
man; far ahead of most men of today. He
was the incarnation of the wisdom of this
world; and he had the tolerance, charity,
and broad outlook of the true humorist. No
man ever combined to so high a degree the
severity of logic with the charm of persua-
siveness. He did not pretend to be an orator;
but as a diplomat and a committee-man, his
supremacy was so obvious that no one who
met him had any doubt about it; and he met
the best minds in England, France, and
America. What a man! If he had been living
in 19ii-1920, the history
of the world would have
been different.
In the twentieth cen-
turv, we have had two
Presidents who may ac-
CUrately be called both
great men and heroes,
Theodore Roosevelt and
Woodrow Wilson.
They hated each other
as only such men can
hate; this was no family
quarrel, like that be-
tween Taft and Roose-
velt, which was fully
made up before Roose-
\elt's death; even dur-
ing their hostility, they
really loved each other,
though perhaps they did
not know it.
,Roosevelt and Wilson
had an unyielding qual-
ity that made friend-
ship and mutual admir-
ation impossible. They
were tremendous per-
to hide them      sonalities. Wilson had
covers of a       a one-track mind, with
ugh sometimes      all the defects of its
However, we      qualities.  Roosevelt's
mind took a vast num-
w to feed and      ber of tracks, but each
p you select      one seemed to him at the
in caring for     time absolutely straight.
ilments. Send     They were alike in being
ew Delineator      highly  educated; and
No. 56 about      perhaps it is not too
25c      fanciful to suggest that
they differed as Harvard
page 88           and Princeton differed.
As  literary  critics,
they would have been
ideally bad. A literary
critic, no matter how
strong his convictions, must be filled with in-
tellectual sympathy to understand views that
may seem to him abhorrent. As Pope said,
"A perfect judge will read each work of wit
"In the same spirit that its author writ."
No one can imagine either Roosevelt or Wil-
son reading any book-and they were both
great readers-except in the light of their
own principles and prejudices. For they had
this in common; they really believed that
persons who differed sharply from them on
any important matter must be both intel-
lectually inferior and morally oblique.
Roosevelt was a consummate politician;
Wilson was not. Roosevelt was immensely
genial; many loved him for his faults.. Wilson
was not genial, and had a capacity for enrag-
ing his associates.
Many believe today that Roosevelt's fame
is fading; I do not agree. I advise anyone
who thinks so to read the latest volume in
Mark Sullivan's admirable history of our
times, called "Pre-War  (Turn to page 60)
AND COjrO
A ,A
SAFE FROM PAINFUL SUNBURN
A      WOMAN used to have three choices: she coiud spend
the summer days indoors, site could venture forth
beneath parasols, veils and a mask of face cream, or she
could go right out and have some fun-at the price of a
painful sunburn and a badly coarsened skin. But that's all
a thing of the past! For now there is a pleasant, comfort-
able way to enjoy summer sunlight without bLrnisng.
Dorothy Gray has perfected a creamy, delicately scented
liquid called Sunburn Cream, which prevents sunburn by
absorbing the burning part of the ultra-violet ray. You
simply apply Sunburn Cream to all exposed parts of your
skin, and then go out and enjoy yourself. The sun won't
burn you, and you won't feel conscious of the Sunburn
Cream on your skin-it is not sticky, nor greasy, nor will
it spoil the clothes it touches.
Unlike a garment or a thick cream, Sunburn Cream does
not shut off all the siun; rather it "fiters out the burn" while
letting the beneficial sunlight reach your skin. It is ideal for
children-while our spies inform us that the smart blue and
white Dorothy Gray bottle (bow removed) is frequently
seen in scornfully masculine locker rooms. All good shops
carry Dorothy Gray Sunburn Cream. $2.00.
DOROTHY GRAY
683 FIFTH AVENUE * NEW YORK
Paris  Chicago  Los Angeles
San Francisco Washington Atlantic City
@  1931, D. G
MEN WHO MADE AMERICA
Continued from page 12
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