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The ladies' home journal
Vol. XX, No. 7 (June, 1903)

Banfield, Maud
The journal's trained nurse,   p. 36 PDF (982.4 KB)


Page 36

rhe Ladies' Home Journal for June 19 03
Under lhENcsllt TreE
thle choice of its loud is 4o
t~greatest importance. Nestli:-o
F od Jis nourishing, strengthening,
rnikes bone and sinew and kec,
t'lt baby in perfect health.
HENRI NESTLE, 73 WarrnS::7E'iewYork
The Illinois
Training School for Nurses
Most rtCessl i irt.:l n of its kind in the Uniiters
States. fner 100 of its gradtnates are filinig fmport~ant
pasiti,;ns in other schools and hospitals.
It owns a modern horne, accomnnroeating 200 nurses,
besides lectutre roonsm and infirmary.
BOARD A"D TUITION FREE
This %,ht-rl'rft,- r;t,mi nePrtical and then-
retical cte..   Iiifrr"t,"   r!rI~nt, i ' m.tr Ittoe n,trs-
frg tof  all  r  rt  e,"ald  ,  rgiarua  e a'r.  t.d  practical
experience iit- ri-rrrt..at-r         u.t niieq-jaaled
ad, ...tage' , t  tt-~.
14&rm. MISS MISAAC. Sump't, 304 Hoos Street. Ciesa1.
ny  eaNO fwMOEt'ti.
aine nitin   o
A ept .   atne. Wt
The Journal's Trained Nurse
By Maud Banfield                                        ef
Miss Banfield will answer tiny letters of inquiry about home nursing,
provided return postage is inclosed. Bruttunder no circumstances will
she prescribe in cases of illness ttr give' rnttflirl rtti'e of ati' s,
whatever. Thiose ,uatters properly tel'tt<  t ,p/at. jtt r.
i 41
Be Discontented
You owe it as a duty to your family
and yourself to banish from your
living rooms the ashes, dirt and
coal gases brought there by stoves
or hot air furnace.
Be discontented with the old-fashioned,
-~faulty heating methods. Why continue
to huy this trouble at a very high price
- paying a premium for it - when you
consider that
Hot Water Heating
saves in fuel sufficient to pay in time the
whole cost of the apparatus. Why       a
* therefore continue to pay extra for the
hother, drudgery and fuel expense of
stoves and hot air furnaces? Why lose
in addition all the comfort, convenience
and healthfulness of our way?
Now put in any kind of a building at any
*time, without inconvenience to occu-
p ants. Requires far less care than does a
parlor stove. Need not he connected to
street water supply. Buy now at sum-
mer prices. Send forvaluable information.
AMjFLTAfCAA
TMakers of
-   IDEAL         t
Boilers and (
AMERICAN
Radiators
Dept. 25
-     CHICAGO
That's Meat and Drink To Me.-
-OHS K lroiAtt i.
mop,      as a luncheon
~JA THIS issue of THE
JOURNAL is to be especially
devoted to the interest of
Sgirls I shall endeavor to tell them
about the various little things
which it is useful for every girl to
know, especially if she is going to
be married and have children of her
own, or if she has several little
brothers or sisters to take care of. We all know
how liable little brothers are to cut their fingers
quite badly with their last new pocket-knife, and
hotw little sisters will try to emulate their little
brothers and fall down and cut their knees, or
even worse, cause a big swelling to form, which is
still more difficult to, cure. In the summer, when
boys run about the farm with bare feet, rusty nails
often cause wounds which are really very dangerous;
and in all these troubles either the mother or the
big sister is liable to be called upon for immediate
coniftri and help.
The Value of Practical Knowledge
ISOMETI'MES think that it would be an excellent
thing for all women, especially those who are
going to be married, to go into a hospital for a short
while in order to learn just a little about nursing and
First Aid. In England a great many women who
are going to marry clergymen or missionaries enter
a hospital f or three months, six months, or a year,
and pay a regular stated fee for so doing. Many
Iliher women who expect to live in the country,
and yet have no intention of taking up the work of
a trained nurse, do the same thing, and I have
hieard them speak in enthusiastic terms of the use
, hich even the small amount of knowledge it was
prossible to acquire in that time proved in later
years. They did not call themselves nurses, and
indeed were not such, f or in these days nursing is a
highly technical occupation, requiring at least two
rtr three years' study in a well-equipped and organ-
zed school before such a claim can legitimately be
made; but it did show them what to do in case of
accident before the doctor came, and how to treat
trdinary childish hurts. No amount of theoretical
teaching or reading can take the place of even a
-heort experience in practical work under a good
tt-acher. This fact will need no argument when the
purely book or lecture student is brought face to
iace with an emergency, or even the ordinary Course
tf an acute illness. But still, much help may be
given by an intelligent and cool-headed person.
What to Do in Emergencies
N THlE above connection I think I cannot give
Ibetter advice than that given by Doctor D~ulles
regardling "Accidents and Emergencies ":
'There is nothing so irrportatut iti the presence of
accident or emtergency as that somte onre with coul.
-s and information enough shrould assume corn-
"apeud atid begin to set things aight. Such a one
I .1 rarely fail to be recognized by those less efficient,
;-d will usually find little difficulty iu so dioectitig
'tmtat they shall render some valuable assistance,
-at least do no harm to the sufferer. Bystandets
tould first hie urged not to crowd, but to leave room
f,,r breathing and action. Any screaminag or wailing
crould be stopped, if possible. Then as manty per.
- rts: as are iteeded -atid no more -should be
oie on to assist ill remtovintg the one in trouble,
Tif he be crushed. ter remove whatever presses
10011hint. Next, the injured person should be placed
a comfortable position, lyintg down, with thre head
very little raised; after which aiintvesti gation may
t made to find out as nearly-as possible what is
toug, so that an intelligent lie of subsequent
ron miay be decided upon.
.. Some one should now ire dispatched for a physi.
a: n or surgeorn, with a writteni message if possible,
I certaintly with one that shall give a good idea of
tat he may expect to find when he arrives, so that
may come provided with necessary instruments
reitedies.
. While awaiting him, whatever may be advisable
tel be done by those at hand. Clothing may have
he loosened or remnoved, efforts at resuscitation
'as-be made, a stretcher or other means of transpor-
a tion may beprovided. Hot orqold appications may
e needted and should be made read.' Temnporary
;Iitit,ll or means to controrl bleeding, may be required
I hese the bystan'tersotught at once to attend to. Otie
tth:tlg. however, they ought not to rio- that is. to give
arge quantities of whisky or lrazudy, as is the almiost
rivariable custom with people wiho know ;totlrig,
h-ut watit to do something. If stimulanits seem to he
called for, the nul-medical had better use only hot
water, or tea, or coffee, or milk. Alcoholic stimu.
lants, except in small quantities, are, as a rule, not
only unnecessary, tbut actually harmful. They often
injure the patient, mislead the doctor, and ilterfere
with the proper treatmeilt of the case.
"Exceptionis to this general statement may be dis-
covered, hut they are exceptions-this is the rule.
-"Anjother important point to be observed is, rlot to
do too much. It wiltltoe making a bad use of instruc-
tions designed to bridge over the initerval between
the occurretlce of an accidentt and the comring of onle
,hose whlole time is given to work of healinig, if onte
who knows no more than can be gleaned from a little
manual should act as if it had made a surgeoni of
him. Such presumption might lead to great mortifi-
,tioui of the aniateur and to great injury of the suf-
f-eer. Thle true principle is, when there is pressinig
nte,!, to do what is known to be helpful; and wheni
snot sure, to do nothing."
Foreign Bodies im the Ear
HlL)R EN nott infrequently push peas or other
Chard things into their ears. Permanent deaf-
ness is n'ot infrequently caused by ill-advised
attempts to remove these peas with a hairpin or
tther sharp instrument. Removing a pea which is
tightly wedged in the canal of the ear is by no means
asimple or easy thing to do, and whenever possible
the child should he taken to a doctor. If a physi-
cian is abstoutely unobtainable syringing with plain
cold smater is the only mechanical mneans which
Treatment for Heat Exhaustion
1N 1EAT exhaustion the onset is generally not
qsite so sudden. The patient feels weak and
prostrated. The voice becomes weak, the vision
dim and indistinct, and singing in the ears develops.
The patient may lose consciousness partially or
entirely, and looks blue and collapsed. The skin
is clammy and cool, and the temperature snub-
normal-that is, below 98 degrees. The pulse is
quick and weak, and the breathing rapid and shal-
low, but not noisy.
If possible, take all persons suffering from the
heat to a hospital. In sunstroke the loss of five
minutes may mean the difference between life arid
death. The doctors will use freely ice, ice baths
and stimulants. Very wonderful recoveries are
made, bitt the condition is one of extreme danger.
During convalescence every care should be takein.
The patient should keep out of the sun and nott
hasten back to work. Many disagreeable conse-
quences are apt to follow sunstroke, which may ic'
felt for many years, or even be permanent.
In heat exhaustion the patient should be put in
a cool, shady, quiet place. The head low, and all
unnecessary spectators asked to withdraw. Sal
volatile or aromatic spirits of ammonia may be
given, one teaspoonful in a wine-glass of hot water,
every half-hour for three or four doses, or until te
doctor comes. Strong coffee is also useful. AplAN
cold wet cloths to the head, and a hot-water bottle
to the feet. Of couirse, all clothing should be bits-
ened and the collar removed. The attack is lnot
so dangerous as in sunstroke, but evil results folltii
lack of care jutst as readily, and convalescence
should be guarded.
required.
S.AM.VPLE      I r    r rt aigi.ltFIREE
Wrtite fir Shakespearean ttttkIet tt
lloriick's Maltett Milk iieveages
Horlick's Food Co., Racine, Wis., U. S. A.
24 FaeeinVtisn Rsadil-oni,ng.'. / teeSt.-It-te.i.i
Fay Stockings
FOR WOMENOS AND GIRLS
e~al tt 'kingfraO  Keep altonee
Pr.t e  t h  I ',"sitallIcej4itts  f"r
andi tinlrt-  et itie flstp-trters
4 tartnie r cntetitnlt rakes" titer,
1-t f-r tress. Stren gthi, akes ti-ter'iest for
ph y. Cf't-t _ th~ian ,ther cooti stockinzs.
tr;;Ant-e Isat isfactttryt -ttn-eptack.  t'ite
ASK YOUR DEALER
itti kritaperfet t.,k,f  - tote.
THE rY STOCKING CO.. 21 T St., Elyria, I.
Page 36
CANNOT CATCH'
Will not putt out in use
I
i/iu  11l~-d. a di tisii  1 i  Is,
(11i11 i et'I -i .  .If W1I i  IIhli
crawlied into the ear canal oil or
glycerine should be substituted for _
water, because water is the natural
elnot nofmodnteintheadles
elemntofmany teinteantoe
whereas no insect lives in the
medium of oil. Foreign bodies in
the ear usually cause far less harm than does the
attempt to remove them by any one not expert.
The Danger of Rusty Nails
T HE danger of running a rusty nail into the foot
or hand consists in the fact that a rusty nail is
never clean. The wound caused looks slight, but
it is usually deep - what the surgeons call a " punc-
tured wound "-and as rusty nails are often found
about streets or stable yards, where the tetanus or
lockjaw germ loves best to lurk, the danger to be
feared is the onset of this dread disease. hlere
again a doctor should be consulted immediately for
wshen lockjaw once sets in it is generall y too late
for him to do much. While waiting, bleeding may
be encouraged by soaking the child's foot in warm
water and gently squeezing the wound. The doc-
tor will sometimes immediately open the wound
further with a knife in order that he may wash away
all possible germs, or he may wait until some
redness or swelling gives sign of further trouble.
The great point is that his advice should be
carefully and quickly followved, f or although byve
times out of six no further trouble need be feared,
the sixth time is quite sufficiently terrible to make
any one careful.
Those Who Suffer from the Heat
F ORTUNATELY,~ people who live in the coun-
try and work i the fields, even under the
blazing sun, suffer very little from excessive heat.
Nearly all heat-strokes occur in cities. Those swho
are at all intemperate in their use of alcohol or
tobacco are much more likely to suffer titan those
who lead an absolutely temperate life in all respects,
and if attacked their chances of recovery are many
times less. Great bodily fatigue is also a predis-
posing cause. Overcrowding and bad air should be
avoided at all times, but especially in very hot
weather. Quite opposite treatment is pursued for
sunstroke and heat exhaustion. Should a mistake
in diagnosis be made the death of the patient will
very probably result, as the treatment requtired isr
very thorough and very different. The best thing
to do is to immediately huirry the patient to a ios-
pital, however luxurious his or tier home may bie.
In large American cities hospitals are always pre-
pared for the treatment of these cases during the
summer months. The patient can often return t
his home in the course of a few days, but at the
time the danger is great, and every nioment is ti
great value.
Sunstroke, Thermic Fever or Insolation             V            -  -                       '
fNSUNSTROKE the fever is often very highjis (delicious, invigorating, nttittills.
to8, 109, ito degrees, or es-en higher, has often
been registered. The symptoms may develop sud-   Prepared instantly in the home, 'office,
denly. The patient is insensible. There may or   or study.     Excellent for business and
may not be delirium, convulsions or paralysis; the
surface of the skin is flushed and feels hot and very' professional people, and those troubled
dry to the touch; the eyes may be bloodshot, and  Ithdgsin
the breathing quick and shallow, or snoring and        im   aie
labored. The pulse is quick and small, and unless    It is pure, rich milk and an extract
prompt measures are taken can soon not be felt at  of choice  malted    grain  condensed     to
the wrist. The symptoms are very much like those
of hemorrhage of the brain or acute drunkenness,  powder form, ready       in a moment by
but the clinical thermometer quickly settles the  dissolving   in water.     No   cooking     is
diagnosis by telling us of the high fever..A
I


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