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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1955-1957. China
(1955-1957)

United States policy with regard to the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China, January-July 1955,   pp. 1-689 ff. PDF (242.1 MB)


Page 643


                                               The China Area      643
 293.    Telegram From the Secretary of State to the Embassy in
         the United Kingdom'
                                    Washington, July 11,-1955-6:21 p.m.
      171. Eyes only Ambassador from Secretary. No distribution. For
 prompt action.
      1. Please thank Macmillan for his message about Nehru 2 which
 I received on Sunday. 3 Please further advise Macmillan that we re-
 quest him to instruct British Charge Peiping to deliver on our behalf
 oral communication in following sense:
     "Your and our consular representatives at Geneva have been
 having intermittent talks during the past year regarding the repatri-
 ation of civilians who desire to return to their respective countries.
 The results have been disappointing to us. It has been suggested that
 it would aid in settling this matter if these talks were conducted on a
 more authoritative level, and that this could facilitate further discus-
 sion and settlement of certain other practical matters now at issue
 between the two of us. If you think well of this, we will designate a
 representative of ambassadorial rank to meet on the above basis with
 your representative of comparable rank at Geneva on a mutually
 agreeable date."
     2. Please further inform Macmillan that we assume it will be un-
 derstood at Peiping, but if there is any doubt it should be made clear,
 that just as the consular representatives of the US and of Communist
 China have been meeting at Geneva without this implying diplomat-
 ic recognition, the same would obtain with respect to the meeting
 here suggested.
     3. We do not plan to give any publicity to our communication to
 Peiping until after we have received Peiping's reply and then only as
 mutually agreed. We hope that Peiping will treat matter in same
 manner.
     4. Please further inform Macmillan that in drafting the foregoing
 we have tried to take into account the point made by him with refer-
 ence to formula dealing with scope of possible conversations. We
 have omitted any express reference to the proviso in President's
Iletter to Nehru that "'we could not deal with the rights of third par-
ties in their absence". We leave this thought implicit in the phrase
"practical matters now at issue between the two of us" in the hope
that this treatment will give a lesser impression of rigidity.
    1 Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.93/7-1155. Top Secret;
Priority.
Drafted, approved, and signed by Dulles; cleared with Robertson and Merchant.
Dulles' preliminary drafts of the first two paragraphs are in Eisenhower
Library,
Dulles Papers, Wang-Johnson Talks.
    2 Supra.
    3 July 10.


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