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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1955-1957. China

United States policy with regard to the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China, January-July 1955,   pp. 1-689 ff. PDF (242.1 MB)

Page 635

                                               The China Area     635
  him that the United States had obtained a commitment from Chiang
  Kai-shek to avoid initiating hostilities without our consent. He then
  reenforced his previous statements that the use of force should be re-
  nounced by Peking. He had certainly expected India to support this
  position. He was therefore greatly surprised that Mr. Menon seemed
  to be supporting the Peking thesis, which openly avowed the use of
      Mr. Menon answered, with considerable emotion "No, no, no!
 As recently as last week, my Prime Minister even pursuaded the
 Russians to join in a communique in Moscow condemning the use of
 force in settlement of the Formosa question".   Mr. Menon said
 India's support for Peking extended only to the fact that China
 should be united. He recalled that India had supported this position
 when China was governed by Chiang Kai-shek. He declared that he
 had never said that Peking should take the islands by military action.
 He added that he was determined, above everything else, not to
 allow his conversations in San Francisco and Washington to affect
 United States-Indian relations adversely. He did not want India's
 motives to be suspect by either side.
     The Secretary said he had gained the impression that Mr. Menon
 thought Chou's position was a reasonable one. Yet Chou's avowed
 position was that if he could not get the islands by peaceful means,
 he would take them by force. If he had misunderstood Mr. Menon's
 position, he would be glad to be corrected. Mr. Menon repeated that
 India had stated, in Moscow of all places, that it was wrong to use
 force. The Secretary said he was very glad that Mr. Menon was not
 endorsing Chou En-lai's position.
     Mr. Menon said he did not wish to see the United States become
 involved in the Chinese civil war. The Secretary pointed out that
 Soviet Russia had taken the position that the Korean war was a civil
 war, but the world knew that it was something much bigger. He said
 the problem of the unification of China was similar to that of Korea,
 Germany and Indochina and that the United States opposed the use
 of force in any of these situations. Mr. Menon repeated that his
 Government's position in opposition to the use of force was well
 known. The Secretary said he had always thought that was India's
 position. He did not believe that India would use force, for example,
 to take Goa. Mr. Menon said this was entirely correct. The Secretary
 said, "Then let Red China take the same position regarding Quemoy
 and Matsu". He thought that until Peking began to see that there
    3 Reference is apparently to a sentence in a joint statement issued on
July 22 by
Nehru and Bulganin at the conclusion of a visit by Nehru to Moscow expressing
hope "that it will be possible by peaceful means tO satisfy the legitimate
rights of the
Chinese People's Republic in regard to Taiwan.'" For text, see Documents
on International
Relations, pp. 472--475.

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