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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1955-1957. China

United States policy with regard to the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China, January-July 1955,   pp. 1-689 ff. PDF (242.1 MB)

Page 618

618 Foreign Relations, 1955-1957, Volume II
something less than gradual. Work on the five new airfields had all
begun towards the end of March or the first of April of the present
year. Moreover, it was proceeding rapidly and urgently. The Chinese
were even resorting to the use of pre-cast concrete slabs for the run-
ways on these fields. Finally, all of them would be ready in another
month or six weeks." (Memorandum of discussion by Gleason, July
1; Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records)
     Burmese Prime Minister U Nu visited Washington from June 29
through July 3. For his conversations with Secretary Dulles concern-
ing the Taiwan situation, see Documents 282 and 286.
     The discussion above concerning a Soviet loan to the People's
Republic of China apparently refers to a long-term credit announced
on October 12, 1954; see footnote 8, Document 117.
281.    Telegram From the Representative at the United Nations
        (Lodge) to the Department of State 1
                                          New York, July 1, 1955-1 p.m.
     2. Re US fliers held in Red China. In conversation with Ham-
marskjold today he informed me that he will be sending another
message to Chou En-lai concerning the fliers. He intends to remind
Chou that no action has yet been taken regarding the remaining
fliers still held prisoner and expressing the hope that action can be
taken soon.
     Hammarskjold will send me a copy of this message which will
be transmitted to the Department upon receipt. 2
    Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.95A241/7-155. Confidential;
    2 The message, the text of which was transmitted to the Department in
telegram 3
from New York, July 1, stated Hammarskj6ld's conviction that continued delay
in the
release of the 11 fliers would "create a situation where a constructive
approach to
wider problems is likely to be seriously hampered" and that "while
a release of the
eleven now would facilitate a future discussion of other problems, it is
not a measure
which would be recognized as an apporopriate part of a broader settlement."
It also
stated that Hammarskjo1d had thus far refrained from making a report to the
Nations because he believed the contacts between Chou and himself to be in
the in-
terests of all parties concerned and expressed the hope that it would be
possible for
him to avoid a report of failure with regard to the 11, "with all the
obvious conse-
quences that such a report to the United Nations would have." (Ibid.)

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