United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1952-1954. Korea (in two parts)
VII. June 8-July 27, 1953: armistice attainded, pp. 1152-1445 PDF (114.3 MB)
1156 FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1952-1954, VOLUME XV The plan we insist on should go as far as possible to meet the point of view of the Government of the ROK and be reasonable and acceptable to the UN and to world opinion. We will not agree to any plan which involves dissolution of the ROK and will continue to insist on its integ- rity and sovereignty. (b) Withdrawal of Troops-While it will not be possible to reach firm decisions on this complicated question except in the light of then-pre- vailing circumstances, the following general considerations should con- trol: (1) The issue of withdrawal of troops should be decided in such a manner as to assure maximum security for a unified, independent Korea, or for the ROK if Korea remains divided. (2) While it is desirable that we retain the right to continue our forces in Korea under the UN aegis, we should avoid any commitment to do so. (3) In the first instance we should not agree to the withdrawal of US and UN forces except as an aspect of the implementation of an accept- able unification plan. (4) If efforts at unification fail we might nevertheless consider agree- ment on phased withdrawal of non-Korean forces on both sides. (c) Neutralization and Security of Korea-As part of a plan for unifica- tion, we might include a provision for a neutral buffer zone along the Yalu perhaps supervised by the UN Commission. If Korea remains divided and the armistice continues in effect indefi- nitely, the security of the ROK would be, guaranteed by the Greater Sanctions Statement, and the continuing responsibility , of the UN. 5. Approval of Results of the Conference-Any agreement reached at the conference would be transmitted to the GA for approval, and for any necessary UN implementation. Insofar as the agreement might in- clude provisions binding the ROK and the Communist regimes repre- sented, such agreement would of course have to be approved by them. 6. It is important that at least a tentative decision be reached as to the Chief of the U.S. Delegation to the conference so that a working group could be established under his leadership to develop the details of a po- sition along the lines approved.
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