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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1952-1954. Indochina (in two parts)
(1952-1954)

Policy of the United States with respect to Indochina, 1952: U.S. assistance to French Union forces; military, economic, and diplomatic support for the Associated States of Indochina,   pp. 1-338 PDF (138.9 MB)


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FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1952-1954) VOLUME XIII
  such a determined program. I believe that once knowledge and convic-
  tion clearly established at the center, however, Amer and fon opinion
  will rally to it, impelled by the march of events.
    I believe, therefore, that future considerations re Indochina must
  be directed more towards its place in the Asian complex than in the
  French financial crisis.5 Policies for Indochina must be judged as much
  for their potential contribution to the resolution of the problem of
  China as for their effect on the Fr balance of payments problem.
    I propose, therefore, that before the three powers meet, the policy
  forming organs of our govt and the chiefs of the mainland Far East
  missions together with reps from Formosa and Japan (perhaps
  accompanied by their principal mil assistants) shld meet (in Wash.
  This first mtg shld conduct a brief but fundamental review of our
  China and Far East policy. (Incidentally there has been no Far East
  chiefs mission conf since Feb 1950.) 6 This mtg cld attempt evolve
  a new frame of ref for the tripartite talks (re SEA) and a policy
  to which our allies will be invited to adhere.7
    I say a new frame of ref because much has happened since the
  Singapore conf1 which make its recommendations less pertinent.
  That conf narrowly mil.and the Dept has recognized the need for a
  basic review by suggesting that further talks be on the pol plane
  as well as the mil.
    Since Churchill 9 came to power the Brit seem to have decided
 to take a sterner line on China more consistent with our own.
   Since Singapore the possibilities of a Far East mutual security
 pact have had increasing consideration .in several capitals including
 Canberra, Wellington, Toronto [Ottawa], and Saigon."
   And as between the Allied and the Sino-Soviet worlds there may
 have been changes in relative strength warranting a reexamination
 of our policies. At the same time any hopes that we may have enter-
 tained at the time of Singapore of Viet-Minh and Chinese Titoism
 have become dimmer.
   This consultation which I propose wld consider all of these things;
 it wld then perhaps set the bases for the answer to what will be the
 : Documentation on the French financial situation is printed in volume vi.
 " For documentation on the Bangkok chiefs of mission conference of
February
 1950, see Foreign Relations, 1950. vol. vi, pp. 18 ft.
 7Regarding the tripartite military conversations held in Washington on
 Jan. 11, 1952, see telegram 974 to Saigon, Jan. 15, p. 14. In telegram 918
to Saigon,
 Jan. 7, the Department informed Ambassador Heath that ilt would not 'be
possible
 to follow his suggestion for a chiefs of mission meeting prior to the military
 conversations. (790.5/1-752)
 For documentation on the tripartite military talks held in Singapore in
May
 1951, see Foreign Relations, 1951, vol. vi, Part 1, pp. 64 ft.
 Winston S. Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since Oct. 26,
1951.
  10.VFr documentation on U.S. attitudes toward a Far East mutual security
pact, see volume xii.
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