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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1952-1954. Western European Security (in two parts)

II. Attitude of the United States toward the establishment of a European Defense Community,   pp. 571-1113 ff. PDF (220.4 MB)

Page 868

said one of his guiding principles for long time had been belief in
absolute necessity to cooperate with United States.
                           Editorial Note
   During the course of his statement before the North Atlantic Coun-
 cil on December 14, Secretary Dulles spoke as follows:
   "If, however, the E.D.C. should not become effective; if France and
 Germany remain apart, so that they would again be potential enemies,
 then indeed there would be grave doubt whether continental Europe
 could be made a place of safety.
   That would compel an agonizing reappraisal of basic United States
   For the full text of Secretary Dulles' statement, see page 461; for
 background relating to it, and further documentation on the North
 Atlantic Council, see pages 1 if.
   At a press conference following the North Atlantic Council meeting
 Dulles reiterated his comment about a possible "agonizing reap-
 praisal". (See the editorial note, page 468.) The ttanscript of his
 conference together with a version of the statement to the: Council
 somewhat different from that printed on page 461, is in the New York
 Times, December 15, 1953, pages 1 and 14.
 Memorandum by the Minister in France (Achilles) to the Secretary
                             of State1
SECRET                                  [PARIS,] December 15, 1953.
  MR. SECRETARY: To obtain French ratification of EDC we need to
do three things:
  1) Arrest and if possible reverse the present trend against it, in
which the opponents have been tending to develop a band-wagon psy-
chology and the proponents becoming increasingly disheartened and
prone to consider compromises.
  2) Precipitate the decisive debate and vote at the earliest practicable
time, probably February or March, and
  3) Clinch ratification at that time.
  It is too soon to tell whether your press conference 2 has arrested the
unfavorable trend, but it has certainly provided food for thought and
again posed clearly the issue and the urgency. After the initial violent
reaction has passed the net effect may prove to be salutary. If it proves
not to have reversed the unfavorable trend we will have to review the
whole EDC in both the tactical and substantive aspects.
  'Copies to Bruce and Merchant.
  ' See editorial note, supra.

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