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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. Asia and the Pacific (in two parts)

Afghanistan,   pp. 2004-2012 PDF (3.8 MB)

Page 2009

upon the USSR       which has obvious implications for Afghan
  As a result of conflicts with Pakistan on the part of both India and
Afghanistan, there are indications that the former functions as a
partner with Afghanistan in its sustained agitation over the status
of the tribal areas along the Afghan-Pakistan border with an intensity
that appears to parallel the course of the India-Pakistan dispute over
Kashmir. While the Indian Government officially deprecates the
Afghanistan-Pakistan controversy and denies furnishing support
therefor, it has been receptive to Afghan views on the subject of
"Pushtunistan" and has freely allowed anti-Pakistan propaganda
Afghans within India. A Treaty of Friendship 7has been concluded
between India and Afghanistan and ratification of a trade treaty is
  The disappearance of the integrated defense system for the Indian
subcontinent which existed under British rule underlines the need for
an entente among Afghanistan, Pakistan and India which would en-
able them to concert their defensive arrangements as a matter of
common concern in the face of international Communist gains.
   Afghanistan continues to maintain toward the USSR an attitude
of cautious correctness combined with firm resistance to Soviet efforts
at penetration. The best obtainable evidence indicates that ethnic
minorities north of the Hindu Kush lack both the initiative and the
means effectively to revolt against the government. It is possible, how-
ever, that the USSR might be tempted to detach from Afghanistan
these groups which are contiguous to corresponding ethnic groups
in the USSR. Present proselytism by Afghanistan in the Pathan tribal
area appears to provide an opportunity for similar Soviet activity in
northern Afghanistan. Afghan leaders are aware of the need for
vigilance in their dealings with other states to create no situation or
precedent of which the USSR might take advantage, but have failed
to apply this principle in their approach to the problem of the tribal
areas south and east of Afghanistan. So far, Soviet pressure has not
been severe nor has Soviet influence in Afghan territory contiguous
to the Soviet Central Asian Republic been extensive. The United
States should encourage, however, any moves which the Afghan Gov-
ernment might make toward improving the administration and eco-
nomic conditions in these areas so as to offset any latent dissidence
which may exist and to lessen the chances of Soviet penetration. It
should also take occasion to remind the Afghans of the opportunities
for Soviet exploitation of any agitation the Pakistan border area
  7Treaty of Friendship"between the Government of India and the Royal
  ernment of Afghanistan, signed at New Delhi on January 4, 1950; text in
  Nations Treaty Series, vol. 81, p. 75.

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