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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. Asia and the Pacific (in two parts)
(1951)

South Asia: multilateral relations,   pp. 1650-2003 PDF (136.2 MB)


Page 1666


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1951, VOLUME VI
  Waldo H. Dubberstein, Intelligence Specialist, Central Intelligence
Agency.
  Shannon McCune, Deputy Director, Far East Program, ECA.
       I. UNITED STATES STRATEGIC INTERESTS IN SOUJTH ASIA
A. Conolusions
  1. The most effective military defense of South Asia would require
strong flanks. Turkey, Iran and Pakistan are of primary importance
on the west and Indochina on the east.
  2. Pakistan could provide important ground forces now, for use in
South Asia or on the western flank. It would, therefore, be useful to
the United States and the United Kingdom to bring about an early
build-up of Pakistani ground forces assisted by the provision of mili-
tary equipment to Pakistan.
  3. India also could provide important ground forces. However,
unless its foreign policy changes, India will not give the free world
military assistance in war. In the event of war, initially India will
probably attempt to maintain a posture of neutrality. If its policy
should change prior to war, it would be useful to provide military
aid to India on terms similar to those reached with Pakistan. Indeed,
offer of such aid to India, and acceptance of similar aid by Pakistan,
might spark a change in Indian policy and provide a stimulus which in
the long term would bring great benefits to the free world from India's
military potential, raw materials, industrial output, manpower, and
communications facilities.
  4. The potentialities of Pakistan and India as sources of ground
troops could be realized only after an easing of Indo-Pakistan tension
through a settlement of the Kashmir issue or by other means, or
through assurances adequate to both countries against attack by the
other.
  5. India might be utilized to produce military supplies for the West
during the cold war. Initiation on our part of action to bring this
about might be one of the best means of securing India's ultimate
alignment with the West.
   6. Ceylon and Pakistan contain a number of bases, particularly air
and naval bases, which could make an important contribution to the
military operations of the free world from the outset of war.
   7. Raw materials and products from India and other South Asian
countries may be severely restricted or eventually cut off during the
course of war.
   8. Although Afghanistan is weak militarily, it occupies a position
 of strategic importance; in the event of war, it would be to our ad-
 vantage to have Afghanistan neutral initially but determined to re-
 sist Soviet invasion.
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