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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. The United Nations; the Western Hemisphere

The United Nations,   pp. 1-869 PDF (338.7 MB)

Page 378

  The United States has opposed and continues to oppose the admis-
sion of the five Soviet applicants (Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, "Mon-
golian People's Republic" and Rumania) because of itsý strong
tions to their admission on Charter grounds. Almost all the members
of the Security Council and the General Assembly have likewise been
unable to support their admission. These applicants have been giving
at least moral support to the aggression in Korea. Some have engaged
in aggressive acts in the Balkans. Three of them have flouted the rec-
ommendations of the Assembly with respect to peace treaty obliga-
tions on human rights and have disregarded the advisory opinion of
the International Court of Justice on their peaceful settlement obliga-
tions under these same treaties. One applicant, Outer Mongolia, has
never demonstrated that it has the capacity to play the normal role of
a state in the international community.
  The Security Council has not reconsidered the pending applica-
tions since 1949 because it has been evident that reconsideration would
achieve no useful purpose. The United States favors reconsideration
of the applications of qualified candidates by the Security Council
whenever there is 'a reasonable chance of favorable action. However,
general reconsideration at this time would almost certainly result in
the usual Soviet vetoes and perhaps in another Soviet omnibus pro-
posal which the United States could not accept.
  2. At the same time, the United States believes that there are rea.-
sons for reconsideration of Italy's application as a separate case. In
addition to possessing the full qualifications for admission, Italy has
trusteeship responsibilities which it cannot effectively discharge with-
out full voting participation in the Trusteeship Council and the Gen-
eral Assembly. The United States, together with the United Kingdom
and France, recently reaffirmed "its determination to make every effort
to secure Italy's membership in the United Nations," and the Presi-
dent'has stated that we "intend to keep on working for the admission
of Italy." Although the Soviet Union has indicated that it will agree
to Italy's admission only if Bulgaria, Hungary and Rumania, are
.admitted and if Italy withdraws from NATO, conditions unacceptable
to the United States, it is believed that there is still an outside chance
that-the Soviet Union might not veto if the case is handled effectively
as a special case. At the same time, it must be realized that, as Italian
representatives have pointed out, another Soviet veto might have
unfortunate repercussions within Italy in that it would highlight our
impotence to obtain its admission.
  The Fourth Committee has on its agenda the question of the full
  participation of Italy in the work of the Trusteeship Councili In the
  case of Italy, full participation in the Council could be achieved only
through membership in the United Nations or through an amendment
to Article 86 of the Charter. Since Unlted Nations membership is oh-

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