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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1949. The Far East and Australasia (in two parts)

East Asian-Pacific area,   pp. 1115-1220 PDF (41.1 MB)

Page 1116

Conference 4 might tend to become an anti-Western bloc causing a
split between East and West. He answered with emphasis, "I will not
permit it and Romulo will be so instructed". He said I am also instruct-
ing Romulo that there should be no "yelling" by the Philippine
gation in the conference-that it should assume a caln attitude letting
others "carry the ball". I told him New Zealand -and Ceylon had
cepted invitation reluctantly and Turkey and Siam will not attend.
He said that is all the more reason why Romulo should conduct his
activities in the conference calmly though vigilantly.
  I mentioned to the President that we hoped the activities and actions
of the conference would be kept within the framework of the UN.
He replied "that will be my purpose and Romulo will be so instructed".
lie said he held some apprehensions that some delegates -to the con-
ference might attempt to direct its activities along the "color line"
-thereby fostering an anti-Western bloc. He stated he thought this
would be a mistake and Romulo would be so informed of his ideas on
the subject. President Quirino said Moro Senator Pendatun is irked at
him (he did not attend dinner) because of his slow approach to the
Asian bloc idea. Quirino said the world knows we are for the Indo-
nesians but the formation of an Asian bloc should be approached with
caution and its activities wisely directed so as not to put the East
against the West.
   Later saw Romulo. He said although he had not received his final
 instructions the United States need not feel any uneasiness about the
 activities of the Philippine Delegation in the conference. He stated
 he would depart by Saturday January 15 (Manila time) for New
 Delhi in order to hold preliminary conference with his friend Nehru
 for purpose of "softening" any ideas which latter may have relative
 to "color line" activities in conference. Romulo said any general
 of conference could not go beyond effective support which Asian bloc
 could obtain outside its own organization and he said that meant from
 the United States. iRomulo stated he discussed this particular point
 with Philip Jessup.5
    Sent Department 151; repeated New Delhi 1.
   'Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian-Prime Minister, called a conference of
   "Asian Organization of States" to meet at New Delhi in late
January to consider,
 among other matters, the Indonesian situation. States represented were Afghan-
 istan, Australia, Burma, Ceylon, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon,
 Pakistan, the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Yemen, with China, Nepal,
 New Zealand, and Siam as observers. The conference resolved to explore "ways
 and means of establishing suitable machinery, having regard to areas concerned,
 for the purpose of promoting consultation within the framework of the United
 Nations." On January 23 a resolution on Indonesia was adopted; for
text, see the
 New York Times, January 24,1949.
    Philip C. Jessup, member of the U.S. Delegation at the United Nations
  deputy chief of mission.

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