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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1949. The Far East and Australasia (in two parts)

Northeast Asia: Japan,   pp. 601-939 PDF (132.7 MB)

Page 603

                              JAPAN                           603
nese deep sea fishing in the Pacific, in contravention of the explicit
provisions of the Potsdam declaration, well known to the Japanese,
with respect to access to raw materials and the fact that approxi-
mately four times as much per capita aid is being given to the German
people than to the Japanese provides the lCommunist Party with the
ammunition it needs to support the racial solidarity concept it ad-
vocates to gain adherents within Japan.
  "There is little that should be done [not] now being done here to
check the advance of Communism, but should the threat in future
become greatly aggravated or should such a common front become a
threatening reality, I should, of course, search for a legal means to
apply direct pressure which I have heretofore avoided as inadvisable
and unnecessary. In final analysis, were injudicious statements in
Washington, oft-times made to woo American pressure groups avoided
and a more positive show of support given the occupation, overwhelm-
ing of the Communist movement in Japan through its complete
repudiation by the Japanese people would be rendered infinitely
  Information to Department of Army.
1 Vemorandum. by the Director of the Office of Far Eastern Affairs
         (Butterworth) to the Acting Secretary of State.
TOP SECRET                        [WĀ„ASHINGToN,] January 4, 1949.
             NEw INSTRUCTIONS FOR GENurL McCoy
  There is attached a letter from you to General McCoy 2 containing
  new instructions for his guidance as U.S. Representative on the Far
Eastern Commission.
  The reasons why new instructions are thought necessary are set
forth in the letter. It is my understanding that the instructions under
which General McCoy is now serving were given him orally by Presi-
dent Truman and Secretary Byrnes when the Far Eastern Commis-
sion -was first set up in early 1946,: and were in general to the effect
that he should endeavor as Chairman and U.S. Member to make the
Far Eastern Commission work in a spirit of international harmony and
accord. It has seemed to me increasingly, however,,thlat these instruc-
tions are less well adapted to the current international situation and
  1 A copy misdated January 4, 1948 .is in 740.001i9 FEAC/1-448.
  Th letter (not printed) was not sent to Maj. Gen. Frank R. McCoy, U.S.
  resentative on the Far Eastern Commission and its chairman; he was instead
  approached orally.
  Fo the origin of the Far Eastern Commission, see Department of State, Far
  Eastern Series No. 60: The Fai' Eastern Commission; a; study in interna~tional
  cooperation: 1945 to 1952 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1953).

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