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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1949. Eastern Europe; the Soviet Union

[Multilateral relations],   pp. 1-297 PDF (121.3 MB)

Page 291

Memorandum of Conversation, by the Counselor of the Department of
                          State (Bohlen)
CONFIDENTIAL                          [WASHINGTON,] June 27, 1949.
Participants: Mr. Stanislaw Mikolajczyk
               Mr. Charles E. Bohlen
               Mr. Llewellyn E. Thompson, Office of European
  Mr. Mikolajcyzk said he was leaving for a trip to Europe in a few
days and that one of his chief tasks would be to work on the problem
of .the unification of the Polish emigre movement. He said he had re-
cently talked to Mr. Dewitt Poole of the Free European Committee as
a result of which he was a little bit confused about the American atti-
tude toward this problem. He said that he had the impression that the
Peasant International was likely to be more or less sidetracked. While
he recognized ,the importance of national committees and the role they
should play, he thought it would be a mistake if the Peasant Inter-
national were not maintained as a vigorous organization. He referred
to its excellent record of anti-Communism and the fact that there were
in existence among the emigres groups whose objective was the estab-
lishment of socialism. totalitarianism or other systems in the satel-
lite countries when they are liberated. He thought the peasants in all
these countries would constitute a bulwark against the imposition of
any reactionary ideological concepts. He also stressed the importance
of the Peasant International in furthering international cooperation
among the countries represented.
   With respect to Polish unity, Mr. Mikolajczyk reviewed the well-
 known difficulties facing the Polish emigres and particularly the ques-
 tion of legal continuity. He referred to the fact that the Polish
 government in London had been reconstituted but was even less repre-
 sentative than formerly. He said his group could not accept the prin-
 ciple continuity which meant a commitment that Poland would return
 to the unsatisfactory situation that existed before the war and would
 provide an excuse for the imposition of politicians who no longer had
 popular support. He inquired whether there had been any change in
 the views of the Department on this problem.
   Mr. Thompson said that there had been no change in our views
 which he had expressed not only to him on the occasion of their last
 talk but also to Mr. Bielecki and other Polish leaders in exactly the
 same terms.1 Briefly we were interested in the broadest possible unity
 among Poles abroad. The problem was one which could only be re-
   SRegarding the conversations under reference here, see footnote 5 to the
 memorandum o~f conversati'on by Thomrpson, March 30, p. 284.

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