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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. The Near East, South Asia, and Africa (in two parts)

Israel,   pp. 533-1707 ff. PDF (461.4 MB)

Page 1293

wish to request Mediator for an appreciation of present Jewish inten-
tions. He thought that in larger picture there is very little reality
in disavowals by PGI of IZL and Stern activities. From point of
view of Arabs and ME peace they were Jews with same objectives,
only difference being that one group is more activist than'the other.
  8. Bevin said he wished me to put to Department in accord with
our understanding that US and UK will consult each other, the
pressing problem of measures for the defense of British RAF instal-
lations in both Iraq and Transjordan. Jews have already bombed
Amman and British military feel that if fighting is resumed British
installations in Transjordan will be liable to attack. This danger also
exists in Iraq but in this instance attacks are more likely to take form
of 1941 troubles4:. Following defeats suffered by Iraqi Army in Pales-
tine, for which UK is certain to be assigned blame, the Iraqis will
attack RAF. British installations must be ready for use in event Soviet
move from north. Bevin said that up to present these installations
have been armed and equipped on a "training" as opposed to an
"operational" basis. British Chiefs of Staff feel strongly there
urgent need to bring in ammunition and equipment for storage in
these installations. Hisý Majesty's Government has no intention to
transfer these stores to Arabs for use in Palestine unless Transjordan
territory is threatened with attack and to obviate charges of this kind
His Majesty's Government would welcome observation by Mediator.
At all times munitions Would be guarded by regular British RAF
units. Bevin would like it clearly understood, however, that in event
Transjordan is threatened with attack His Majesty's Government
must be free to release to Arab Legion, which is responsible for guard-
ing British installation's, munitions and stores from these dumps to
repel aggression. In Iraq Bevin would wish to be ,free to make stores
available to Iraqi units only in event of their being engaged in sup-
pressing internal disorders. Here ,again stores could be subject to
Mediator's supervision. if, as Bevin strongly hopes, United States
Government will agree that providing for defense of British installa-
tions in Transjordan and Iraq is reasonable in the light of possible
Soviet moves in the area, Bevin has in mind informing Mediator of
British intention to move in munitions for defense of British installa-
tions under Mediator's supervision.
  9. Last mentioned, but in view of His Majesty's Government most
serious of all problems facing US and UK in ME is, according to
Bevin, situation in Jerusalem (Embassy's 3527, August 5 [415). Bevin
  4For documentation 'on the an~ti-British coup in Iraq in 1941, see Foreign
R'eationo, 1941, vol. i, pp. 486 ff.
  Not printed; it gave ithe view of Mr. Burrows, then aeting for Mr. Wright
charge of Palestinian affairs for the British Foreign Office, that the situation
was if anything possibly more dangerous than that described in Jerusalem's
telegrams 1146 and 1147, August 1, pp. 1264 and 1265 (501.BB Palestine/8-448).

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