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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. Eastern Europe; The Soviet Union

Multilateral relations,   pp. 1-732 PDF (280.9 MB)

Page 2

Executive Secretariat Files, Lot 63-D351
Report to the Nationd Security Council by the Executive Secretary
                      of the Council (Souers) 1
TOP SECRET                            WASHINGTON, January 6, 1948.
                            THE PROBLEM
  1. To assess and appraise the position of the United States with
respect to Greece, taking into consideration the security interests
of the United States in the Mediterranean and Near East areas.
  2. The National Security Council has concurred in the following:
". . . The security of the Eastern Mediterranean and of the Middle
East is vital to the security of the United States .... The security of
the whole Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East would be jeopard-
ized if the Soviet Union should succeed in its efforts to obtain control
of any one of the following countries: Italy, Greece, Turkey, or Iran.
In view of the foregoing it should be the policy of the United States,
in accordance with the principles, and in the spirit of the Charter of the
United Nations, to support the security of the Eastern Mediter-
ranean and the Middle East. As a corollary of this policy the United
States should assist in maintaining the territorial integrity and polit-
ical independence of Italy, Greece, Turkey, and Iran. In carrying
out this policy the United States should be prepared to make full use
of its political economic, and, if necessary, military power in such
manner as may be found most effective .... It would be unrealistic
for the United States to undertake to carry out such a policy unless
the British maintain their strong strategic political and economic
position in the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean, and unless
they and ourselves follow parallel policies in that area    *
1 In a note to the National Security Council on January 6, Admiral Souers
stated that this report "has been prepared by the Staff of the National
Council with the advice and assistance of the representatives of the Departments
of State, the Army, the Navy and the Air Force and of the Central Intelligence
  "This report has been coordinated with the above Departments, with
the excep-
tion of paragraphs 17 and 18 thereof. Representatives of the Department of
have proposed paragraph 17, but this has not been concurred in by representa-
tives of all of the other Departments. Representatives of the Army and the
Force have recommended the inclusion of paragraph 18, but this is not concurred
in by representatives of the Department of State." (Policy Planning
Files, Lot 64-D563)
2 The quoted portions are taken from "The American Paper", prepared
in con-
nection with talks beginning on October 16, 1947, between the United States
the United Kingdom on political, military and economic subjects concerning
Middle East and the Eastern Mediterranean; for documentation on these talks,
see Foreign Relations, 1947, vol. v, pp. 485 if. "The American Paper"
is printed,
ibid., p. 575.

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