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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. Germany and Austria
(1948)

IX. United States participation in the negotiations for an Austrian treaty,   pp. 1447-1535 ff. PDF (34.1 MB)


Page 1447


      IX. UNITED STATES PARTICIPATION IN THE
      NEGOTIATIONS FORý AN AUSTRIAN TREATY1
A. THE PREPARATIONS FOR THE RESUMPTION OF MEETINGS OF THE
  DEPUTIES FOR AUSTRIA OF THE COUNCIL'OF FOREIGN MINISTERS
740.00119 Control (Austria) /1-2148: relegram
    The Minister in Austria (IJErhardt) to the Secretary of State
SECRET                           VIENNA, January 21, 1948-5 p.m.
   74. Soviet attitude on treaty continues to be subject, of intense and
diverse speculation here.
  As reported Legtel 61, January 17,2 unverified rumors allege So-
viet proposal on German assets already submitted to Austrian Com-
munists and that latter have been instructed by Moscow to take line
in propaganda that Russia and Russia alone is prepared to make
treaty along realsonable lines. Rumors bornme out to some extent by
Communist propaganda that "Soviet Union is only power that wants
to give Austrian treaty really assuring freedom and independence"
(Volksstimme, January 21) and that other parties are opposing treaty
because they desire western imperialist control of Austria.
  In contradiction of Communist line concerning reasonableness of
impending Soviet proposals, rumors iallege that quid pro quo for treaty
will be Austrian commitment to conclude with eastern neighbors eco-
nomic agreements whereunder bulk of Austrian raw materials and
manufactured products would be allocated for delivery to east, thus
drawing Austria into Soviet economic bloc.
  In conversation recently between Herz of Legation and Ernst
Fischer, latter expressed optimism over concluding treaty in 1948 be-
cause Austrian Government will find "it worth heavy price to get occu-
pation troops out of Austria." He added it would be worth heavy price
to get troops out even without treaty and expressed view Soviets
might withdraw trolops in absence of treaty if it were made worth-
while and if general situation in Europe quieted down.
  Gruber informed us that, while he is cognizant of those rumors,
he has no confirmation of their accuracy. He considers, however, that
if Soviets did submit this proposalM in advance to Austrian Commu-
  'Previous documentation on this topic Is presented in Foreign Relations,
1947,
volume H.
  'Ante, p. 1412.
                                                       1447


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