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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. General; the United Nations (in two parts)

United States national security policy: estimates of threats to the national security; organization for national security; military posure and foreign policy; the extension of military assistance to foreign nations; efforts to acquire military bases and air transit rights in foreign areas; foreign policy aspects of strategic stockpiling; foreign information policy,   pp. 507-676 PDF (66.4 MB)

Page 630

however, such studies should be handled on a top secret basis by as
limited a group as possible. Such ,a group however should contain per-
sons competent to judge psychological reactions of the Russian
S/S-NSC Files: Lot 63D351: NSC 30 Series
Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs
                             (Allen) 1
TOP SECRET                      [WVASHINGTON,] September 14, 1948.
  From the point of view of psychological warfare, I concur fully in-
the views of EUR and the NSC/30 paper. I might add that public
opinion in the United States may have an important bearing on the
question and might force the use of 'atomic weapons, even if the chief
executive were inclined against it. The public would refuse to accept
American casualties which might be saved by shortening the war.
                                                      GEO. ALLEN
  'Directed to James Q. Reber of 'the Executive Secretariat, Department of
S/S-NSC Files: Lot 63D351 : NSC 30 Series
Memorandum by the ,Director of the Office of Far Eastern Affairs
TOP SECRET                      [WASHINGTONJ] September 15, 1948.
Subject: NSC Paper no. 30 on U.S. Policy on Atomic Warfare
  This paper reached FE only a few hours before the deadline set for
receiving recommendations and comments. I have therefore been able
to give the paper only a brief and cursory examination.
  The paper poses the problem whether at this time we should deter-
mine policies regarding the use of atomic weapons. The conclusions
reached are that full preparation should be 'made for the prompt utili-
zation of atomic weapons but that no action should be taken now to
obtain a decision either to use or not to use atomic weapons or as to the
time and circumstances governing possible use of 'such weapons.
  While appa-rently taking no decision on the question whether or
not atomic weapons should be used, as a practical matter the paper
would in large part foreclose the issue. The National Military Estab-
lishment, in making its plans, will have to proceed on the basis that
atomic weapons are to be used. If war of major proportions breaks
out, the Military Establishment will have little alternative but to rec-
  'Directed to James Q. Reber of the Executive Secretariat, Department of

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