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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The Far East: China

Unsuccessful attempts to resolve political problems in Sinkiang; extent of Soviet aid and encouragement to rebel groups in Sinkiang; border incident at Peitashan,   pp. 546-587 PDF (14.5 MB)

Page 547

everybody in Tihwa, including Turkis, turn out to assist in digging
a defensive ditch entirely around the city, the resulting psychological
effect was very good in spite of the fact that it was for defense against
Turkis. The latter contemplated this show of determined energy
with surprised approval. To both win and hold the Turkis the
Chinese should get busy and build streets, roads, or anything visible
and useful which will serve as convincing evidence that the Chinese
retain a measure of vigor.
  Major Chinese difficulties in holding Sinkiang, it would appear
from Ward's past reports, are: (1) lack of transport facilities between
intramural China and Sinkiang; and (2) scarcity of consumer goods.
It is suggested that the Chinese be urged and perhaps aided to estab-
lish and maintain regular, frequent air and other transport schedules
between intramural China and Tihwa, and thence to the various cen-
ters of Sinkiang. These transport facilities should be utilized in
part to bring in as large amounts of consumer and other goods as
possible. Such facilities should be operated if necessary at a loss,
as essential to national defense.
  Incidentally, we note from the reference telegram that the Chinese
have thwarted efforts to have written into the constitution provisions
for safeguarding minorities. We do not perceive why such provi-
sions, if themselves unobjectionable, should not be written into na-
tional and provincial basic laws. It would seem to us, for instance,
that a roving tribal people, if made responsible to the Chinese authori-
ties through their own tribal leaders, could be controlled both more
happily and more effectively than by trying to fit them into the gov-
ernment of a small fixed area such as the hsien. Possibly such views
might be presented informally to the Generalissimo or to other re-
sponsible Chinese leaders, at an appropriate time, by Ambassador
                                         A[RTHUJR] R. R[INGWALT]
   The Amba,8ador in China (Stuart) to the Secretary of State
No. 395                                 NANKING, January 8, 1947.
                                       [Received January 24,1947.]
  SIR: I have the honor to enclose for the information of the Depart-
ment an account of an interview with General Chang Chih-chung,
Governor of Sinkiang, as published in the English Service of the
Central News Agency on January 4,1947.11
10 J. Leighton Stuart.
M Not reprinted.

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