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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The Near East and Africa

Palestine,   pp. 999-1328 PDF (126.4 MB)

Page 1048

would be able to bring Palestine question to!some conclusion. Con-
clusion has not been reached, however, aud until it is, 1500 immigrants
monthly is reasonable. On other hand, Mathieson thought that em-
phasis Arab Delegation has placed on immigration made it impossible
to yield to Jewish pressure to increase rate above 1500.
   4. British Delegation will spend weekend working on a statement
 to be made before Parliament February 18': (not February 17 as re-
 ported reftel) and on a White Paper to be issued February 18 in
 preparation for Palestine debate probably February 20. No final de-
 cision has been taken re contents of White Paper.2
   For statement made by Mr. Bevin before the House of Commons on Feb-
   ruary 18 concerning the termination of the conference with the Arabs and
 consultations with the Jewish Agency and the British intention to submit
 Palestine question to the United Nations, see Parliamentary Debates, House
 Commons, 5th series, vol. 433, col. 985.
   'The reference is to British Cmd. 7044, Palestine No. 1 (1947).
   The Under Secretary of State (Acheson) to the Director of the Office
           of Near Eastern, and African Affairs (Henderson)
  SECRET                             WASHINGTON, February 15, 1947.
" DEAR Loy: I have been reviewing the last few days' cables about
Palestine, as I know you have been, with concern. The following views
  and questions are put forward without much confidence but in the
  phoe of provoking some thoughts from you:
  (t 1. It looks-as though the London conferences have blown up and
  that we have come to the end of the period begun in 1945 of trying to
  find a solution by inquiry and negotiation.
    2. It looks as though the British were preparing to lay the whole
  matter before the General Assembly without recommendations.
    3. It looks as though the British were prepared to maintain as an
  interim policy the immigration policy at present in force, that is, 1500
  a month.
    4. If the foregoing is true 1947 is going to be a bad year in Palestine
  and the Middle East, with increasing violence and grave danger to our
  interests in that area.
    5. I see little hope that without recommendations from the British
  the General Assembly will be able to do very much)
    6. In this situation I suppose that within a very short time we shall
  have to discuss the matter with the British Government and I suppose
  also that if the administration does not give a lead in this matter the
  Congress will undertake to do so with rather disastrous results.i
    Therefore, there are -two problems that we have to consider. First,
  is, what should the interim program be particularly about immigra-
  tion? Secondly, what attitude should we take in the United Nations.

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