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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1943. The Near East and Africa

Iran,   pp. 319-635 PDF (113.0 MB)

Page 326

He pointed out that we had been proposing to bind ourselves for a
period of some twelve months in connection with wheat supplies,
whereas no arrangement had been made which would assure us of a
supply of rials for more than a month or two.
  Mr. Murray then went on to read excerpts from certain telegrams re-
ceived by the Department:
  1) Tehran's 362, November 7,16 in which Mr. Dreyfus reported new
conditions proposed by the British Minister as essential requirements
to signature of the food agreement, the most notable being that the
Iranian Government must support the war effort, must seek full powers
from the Majlis, and must agree to modify the cabinet in accordance
with the wishes of the Allies. Mr. Casey expressed surprise at this
and indicated that he had not hitherto been aware of these proposals.
He seemed particularly struck by the suggestion that Iran must sup-
port the war effort, indicating that he did not think such an under-
taking could mean very much. Mr. Murray stated very emphatically
that the British Minister's proposals had astonished the Department,
which had been unable to comprehend the reasoning behind them and
regarded them as most unwise and as indicating an unfortunate point
of view on the part of the British Minister at Tehran.
  2) Mr. Murray then read a part of London's telegram 6340, Novem-
ber 11,17 confirming Mr. Dreyfus' report regarding conditions proposed
by the British Minister and saying that the Foreign Office had already
advised the Minister at Tehran that it did not regard them favorably.
  3) With further reference to the attitude of the British Minister,
Mr. Murray next read the statement in Tehran's telegram no. 427 of
December 9 Th to the effect that the Counselor of the British Legation
had told Mr. Dreyfus of the intention of the British Minister to tell
the Shah that he could not favor bringing cereals to Iran while the
country was so hostile to the Allies. Mr. Murray again remarked that
the Iranians could not be expected to become more friendly in the face
of such an attitude.
  4) Finally, with reference to British policy in arresting Iranians
suspected of pro-Axis activities, Mr. Murray read the first two sen-
tences of Tehran's telegram no. 451, of December 19,19 reporting Gen-
eral Ridley's conversation with the British Minister. He pointed out
that Sir Reader Bullard had agreed, after the damage had been done,
that the British authorities should refrain from arrests of Iranian
army officers but should permit the Iranians themselves to handle such
cases. Mr. Murray went on to say that this was the policy the British
  "I Foreign Relations, 1942, vol. Iv, p. 180.
  7Ibid., p. 191.
  "Ibid., p. 209.
  19 Not printed; it reported a conversation between Maj. Gen. Clarence S.
and the British Minister in Iran regarding the arrest on December 8, 1942,
by the
British of Iranian General Zahidi, Governor General of Isfahan province
(891.00/1973) ; for correspondence on this incident, see Foreign Relations,
vol. iv, pp. 206 ff. General Ridley, a United States Army engineer officer
of wide
experience, had been assigned by the War Department to act as military adviser
to the Iranian Government on matters pertaining to the Services of Supply
the Iranian Army; for correspondence on the Ridley Mission, see ibid., pp.
263, passim.

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