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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1943. Europe
(1943)

Albania,   p. 1 PDF (336.2 KB)


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ALBANIA
QUESTION OF RECOGNITION OF AN ALBANIAN GOVERNMENT IN
                             EXILE
  [The United States did not recognize the annexation of Albania
by Italy in 1939. For correspondence on this subject, see Foreign
Relations, 1939, volume II, pages 365 if. In a statement to the press,
December 10, 1942, on continued resistance of Albania to Italian oc-
cupation, the Secretary of State reaffirmed the policy of the United
States of non-recognition of Italian annexation and called for the
restoration of a free Albania. See Department of State Bulletin,
December 12, 1942, page 998.
  On January 20, 1943, Mr. Peter V. Kolonia, an Albanian citizen,
called at the Department of State, stating that he had been appointed
"Acting Representative" in Washington of King Zog. He requested
the Department to extend recognition to King Zog as head of the
Albanian Government in exile. Mr. Kolonia was informed that rec-
ognition of a particular group outside of Albania would raise the
question of which group actually represented the Albanian people
and that it was the Department's policy to postpone political ques-
tions of this nature until the people of the occupied country involved
would have an opportunity to express themselves when liberated.
(701.7511/56)
  On March 30, 1943, President Roosevelt referred to the Department
of State for preparation of a reply a letter of March 4 from Anthony
J. Drexel Biddle, Jr., Ambassador and Minister at London to several
governments in exile, enclosing a letter of February 19 from King
Zog to Mr. Biddle expressing the King's readiness to send a repre-
sentative to Washington to effect the re-establishment of normal rela-
tions between the United States and Albania. On May 1, the Depart-
ment sent to President Roosevelt for his signature a reply instructing
Mr. Biddle to thank King Zog for his friendly sentiments but to tell
him that "the occupation of his country makes it impractical to define
our policy with respect to the future government of Albania beyond
the broad outlines of the Secretary's statement of December 10." This
letter, as signed by the President and sent to Ambassador Biddle, was
dated May 3, 1943 (711.75/20).]
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