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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1938. General

Meeting at Evian, France, to form an inter-governmental committee for assistance of political refugees from Germany including Austria,   pp. 740-886 PDF (54.6 MB)

Page 741

 POLITICAL REFUGEES 741 4Galeazzo Ciano, Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs.
world is faced and the necessity of speedy, cooperative effort, under governmental
supervision, if widespread human suffering is to be averted.
 5. Similar approaches are being made to the governments of France, Belgium,
Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Switzerland and Italy and the governments
of all the other American Republics.
 6. Please telegraph reply as soon as received.
 [Favorable replies to the Department's telegram of March 23 were received
from the 20 other American Republics and from Belgium~ Canada, Denmark, France,
the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom; and
from Australia and New Zealand through the British Foreign Office. Replies
received from 29 countries were published in whole or in part in Department
of State, Pre$8 Release$, April 2, 1938, pages 426—432; ibid.,
9, pages 475—476; and ibid., April 16, pages 480—482.]
840.48 Refugees/5 Telegram
The Amba8eador in Italy (Phillip$) to the Secretary of State
Roa~n~, March 24, 1938—7 p. m.
[Received March 24—3: 30 p. m.]
 72. In compliance with the Department's circular instruction of March 23,
1 p. m., I called today upon Count Ciano4 to ascertain the attitude of the
Italian Government towards the proposed establishment of a committee to facilitate
emigration of political refugees from Austria and Germany. While promising
to take the matter up with Mussolini, Ciano nevertheless expressed the opinion
very definitely that Italy could not be represented on any such body and
pointed out that in view of the similarity of the two regimes political refugees
from Germany would be hostile to the Fascist state as well.
 Although he recognized the humanitarian character of the proposal he said
that it presented political considerations to Italy, that Italy could not
participate in any move to care for the enemies of Fascism or Nazism and
that Italy must therefore refuse both on account of its close association
with Germany and in view of its own position and form of government.

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