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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Morocco,   pp. 858-880 PDF (8.5 MB)

Page 869

this Government was not in a position to agree to the proposed dis-
position of the territory in question except by the negotiation of an
appropriate treaty. Similarly, when the question of the surrender
of American capitulatory rights in Morocco arose in 1916, the Ameri-
can Government explained in a note addressed to the French Ambas-
sador in Washington under the date of July 1 of that year,27
that the most practicable procedure of divesting American Consular
officers of their judicial functions in the French Zone of Morocco
would be through the negotiation of a treaty providing for the sur-
render by the United States of its right to exercise consular jurisdic-
tion in the French Zone.
  Although the American Government is unable, for the reasons pre-
viously stated, to acquiesce in the French proposal for the surrender
of American capitulatory rights in the French Zone of Morocco
through the medium of an exchange of notes, it is quite ready to con-
sider the surrender of such rights through the conclusion of a conven-
tion along the lines of the Anglo-French Convention of July 29, 1937.
  It is observed that one of the exchanges of notes annexed to the
latter Convention, a copy of which you were good enough to furnish,
provides for the conclusion of a new treaty establishing the basis of
commercial relations between Great Britain and Morocco. As you
are aware, there is at present no adequate bilateral agreement defining
the commercial relations between the United States and Morocco.
The American Government would therefore desire to enter into nego.
tiations for such an agreement in the form of a convention of com-
merce and navigation simultaneously with the proposed negotiations
for a convention relating to capitulatory matters. Upon learning
that your Government is in accord with this proposal I shall be glad
to prepare and submit drafts of both conventions for its consideration.
As was explained to you orally, at the time you left at the Depart-
ment of State your note under acknowledgment, the American Gov-
ernment would wish to carry on the proposed negotiations in
  During the time that the above-mentioned matters are under con-
sideration by the two Governments I earnestly hope that the French
Government will see its way clear to instructing the French Protec-
torate authorities at Rabat to concert with the American Diplomatic
Agent at Tangier in the settlement of certain minor claims which have
arisen with respect to American nationals and proteges in the French
Zone of Morocco. Some of these claims date back for several years and
although none of them, I believe, involves any large sum I am sure
that the French Government will agree that the present is a propitious
moment for their settlement in order that all outstanding problems
  27 Foreign Relations, 1916, p. 803.

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