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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Morocco,   pp. 858-880 PDF (8.5 MB)

Page 864

regime of the capitulations in Egypt, the representative of the Amer-
ican Government made declarations indicating the conciliatory spirit
in which the American Government intended to settle this question.
In fact, in the course of the inaugural meeting of this Conference,
the delegate of the United States invoked "the good neighbor policy
advocated by President Roosevelt", to affirm "the greatest sympathy
for the purposes set forth by the Royal Egyptian Government" '14 in
view of the abolition of the capitulations in Egypt. These declara-
tions have given my Government reasons to think that, like the British
Government, the American Government will be willing to consent to
the abolition of the regime of capitulations in Morocco.
  Furthermore, in recognizing, some years ago, the French protec-
torate in Morocco,'5 the Government of the United States has already
given to the French Government a proof of its friendship and of the
sympathy with which it has welcomed the work undertaken by France
in the Sheriffian Empire. This work, which is today consolidated,
constitutes one of the principal factors of peace in Africa and in other
parts of the world. The French Government believes that for the
happy continuation of its task, it is desirable that a state of things
signifying unity in all domains be substituted for a regime carrying
certain privileges, the maintenance of which may appear as a limita-
tion of its own sovereignty. It would, therefore, appreciate at its true
value the new proof of friendship which the American Government
would give to it today by consenting to conclude an agreement on the
same bases as the Fralnco-Britannic agreement.
  It goes without saying that American nationals would enjoy, like
British nationals in Morocco, a regime in agreement with the general
treaties and with Sheriffian legislation. For this purpose, I have the
honor to send with the present communication the text of the Dahir
of August 12, 1913,16 on the present state of this legislation. This
text defines the civil status of Frenchmen and foreigners in Morocco,
thanks to a codification of the most liberal rules of international
private law.
  In the view of my Government, the question of the abolition of the
capitulatory r6gime enjoyed by the United States in Morocco might
be settled either by a special Convention to be negotiated on the bases
of the Franco-Britannic Convention of July 29, 1937, or by an ex-
change of letters.
  This latter procedure, which would conform to that employed for
admitting the United States to the benefit of the regime reserved for
States members of the League of Nations in the mandated countries
" See draft statement, p. 639.
2 See note of January 15, 1917, to the French Ambassador, Foreign Relations,
1917, p. 1094.
.16 For text, see P.-Louis Rivibre, Trait6s, Codes et Lois du Maroc, vol.
3, p. 2.

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