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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Liberia,   pp. 785-857 PDF (27.0 MB)

Page 785

  Memorandum by Mr. Hugh S. Cumming, Jr., of the Division of
                    Western European Affairs
                                    [WAsHiNGToN,] June 21, 1937.
  The reasons for proposing a new treaty of commerce and navigation
with Liberia are:
  1. To do away with the expressly conditional most-favored-nation
treatment prescribed by the Treaty of 18621 and put our commercial
relations with Liberia on an unconditional most-favored-nation basis.
  2. To make a quiet but effective display of the continuance of our
traditional friendly interest in the Republic and of our satisfaction
with the orderly progress now being made there, by concluding a
modern treaty of friendship, commerce and navigation. (In line with
this policy we are now negotiating our first extradition treaty2 with
Liberia and have a consular convention,3 almost ready for proposal).
  3. To do away with the obligations imposed on the United States
by Article 8 of the Treaty of 18624 as being inconsistent with the
present policies of the United States.
  The first two sentences of Article 8 read as follows:
  "The United States Government engages never to interfere, unless
solicited by the Government of Liberia in the affairs between the
Aboriginal inhabitants and the Republic of Liberia in the jurisdiction
and territories of the Republic. Should any United States citizen
suffer loss in person or property, from violence by the Aboriginal
inhabitants and the Government of Liberia should not be able to bring
the aggressor to justice, the United States engages, a requisition
having been first made therefor by the Liberian Government, to lend
such aid as may be required".
  In practice, I believe that it would be to Liberia's ultimate advantage
to abrogate the Article in question. In the present unsettled condition
of the world, particularly with regard to the Colonial aspirations of
Signed at London, October 21, 1862; William M. Malloy (ed.), Treatie8,
Conventions, etc., Between the United States of America and Other Powers,
1909 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1910), vol. I, p. 1050.
  See p. 811.
  8See pp. 804 ff.
  'For further Information regarding article 8, see John Bassett Moore, A
Digeat of International Law, vol. v, p. 769.

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