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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Iran,   pp. 718-766 PDF (18.1 MB)

Page 724

is unable to prevent the publication in the American press of any
articles regarded by the Shah as derogatory to himself:
  Major Arfa states that in his opinion the Shah would be profoundly
impressed if he were made familiar with the details of the fruitless
endeavor of the German Government to suppress criticism in this
country directed at the German Chief of State.8 Particularly valu-
able, in the opinion of Major Arfa, is the fact that the suggestion is
reported to have been made by the rigidly controlled German press
that despite Constitutional guarantees of freedom of speech and press
in this country, this Government should take the necessary steps to
render impossible further attacks upon Mr. Hitler or any other foreign
chief of state and that no notice was taken by this Government of
this presumably inspired suggestion; and that, in withdrawing its
present Ambassador in the United States, Mr. Hitler is sending to
this country a new ambassador high in his confidence.
  With the example of Germany's action in the above incident and
bearing in mind the profound admiration which the Shah has for
remilitarized Germany and its autocratic leader, Major Arfa believes
the Shah will be quick to realize that he has made a mistake in attempt-
ing to force the United States to his way of thinking and will act
  When I questioned him as to how such a presentation of the German
situation could be brought to the attention of His Majesty, Major
Arfa furnished me with the interesting and new information that
at present in Iran all of His Majesty's subjects are permitted to
communicate, either by telegraph or by letter, directly with him and
that there is no interference in the delivery of such communications.
Such being the case, Major Arfa proposed to lay the full situation,
in due time, before His Majesty in the form of a written comiini-
  I think it might be desirable if you care at sometime to receive
Major Arfa, who is an officer of the highest integrity and who can,
I believe, be of valuable assistance to us in terminating the present
abnormal situation of our relations with the Iranian Government.
                                                WALLACE MURRAY
124.91/64: Telegram
      The Charge in Iran (Engert) to the Secretary of State
                                  TpERAN, June 12, 1937-8 a. m.
                                            [Received 11: 45 a. m.}
  34. I have now met most of the more important Persian Government
officials several of whom including the Prime Minister and the Min-
' See Foreign Relations, 1935, vol. It, pp. 482 if.

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